Retinal Expression of Wnt-Pathway Mediated Genes in Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein 5 (Lrp5) Knockout Mice

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Retinal Expression of Wnt-Pathway Mediated Genes in Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein 5 (Lrp5) Knockout Mice

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Title: Retinal Expression of Wnt-Pathway Mediated Genes in Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein 5 (Lrp5) Knockout Mice
Author: Krah, Nathan M.; Seaward, Molly R.; Joyal, Jean-Sebastian; Juan, Aimee M.; Hatton, Colman J.; Willett, Keirnan L.; Sapieha, Przemyslaw; Chen, Jing; Stahl, Andreas; Dennison, Roberta Jean; Smith, Lois Elaine Hodgson; Aderman, Christopher M.

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Chen, Jing, Andreas Stahl, Nathan M. Krah, Molly R. Seaward, Jean-Sebastian Joyal, Aimee M. Juan, Colman J. Hatton, et al. 2012. Retinal expression of Wnt-pathway mediated genes in low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (Lrp5) knockout mice. PLoS ONE 7(1): e30203.
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Abstract: Mutations in low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (Lrp5) impair retinal angiogenesis in patients with familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR), a rare type of blinding vascular eye disease. The defective retinal vasculature phenotype in human FEVR patients is recapitulated in Lrp5 knockout \((Lrp5^{-/-})\) mouse with delayed and incomplete development of retinal vessels. In this study we examined gene expression changes in the developing \(Lrp5^{−/−}\) mouse retina to gain insight into the molecular mechanisms that underlie the pathology of FEVR in humans. Gene expression levels were assessed with an Illumina microarray on total RNA from \(Lrp5^{−/−}\) and WT retinas isolated on postnatal day (P) 8. Regulated genes were confirmed using RT-qPCR analysis. Consistent with a role in vascular development, we identified expression changes in genes involved in cell-cell adhesion, blood vessel morphogenesis and membrane transport in \(Lrp5^{−/−}\) retina compared to WT retina. In particular, tight junction protein claudin5 and amino acid transporter slc38a5 are both highly down-regulated in \(Lrp5^{−/−}\) retina. Similarly, several Wnt ligands including Wnt7b show decreased expression levels. Plasmalemma vesicle associated protein (plvap), an endothelial permeability marker, in contrast, is up-regulated consistent with increased permeability in \(Lrp5^{−/−}\) retinas. Together these data suggest that Lrp5 regulates multiple groups of genes that influence retinal angiogenesis and may contribute to the pathogenesis of FEVR.
Published Version: doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0030203
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3260226/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10021423

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