The Power of the Pill: Oral Contraceptives and Women’s Career and Marriage Decisions

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The Power of the Pill: Oral Contraceptives and Women’s Career and Marriage Decisions

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dc.contributor.author Katz, Lawrence
dc.contributor.author Goldin, Claudia
dc.date.accessioned 2009-02-20T07:26:54Z
dc.date.issued 2002
dc.identifier.citation Goldin, Claudia and Lawrence F. Katz. 2002. The power of the pill: Oral contraceptives and women's career and marriage decisions. Journal of Political Economy 110(4): 730-770. en
dc.identifier.issn 0022-3808 en
dc.identifier.uri http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:2624453
dc.description.abstract The fraction of U.S. college graduate women entering professional programs increased substantially just after 1970, and the age at first marriage among all U.S. college graduate women began to soar around the same year. We explore the relationship between these two changes and the diffusion of the birth control pill (“the pill”) among young, unmarried college graduate women. Although the pill was approved in 1960 by the Food and Drug Administration and spread rapidly among married women, it did not diffuse among young, single women until the late 1960s after state law changes reduced the age of majority and extended “mature minor” decisions. We present both descriptive time series and formal econometric evidence that exploit cross‐state and cross‐cohort variation in pill availability to young, unmarried women, establishing the “power of the pill” in lowering the costs of long‐duration professional education for women and raising the age at first marriage. en
dc.description.sponsorship Economics en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher University of Chicago Press en
dc.relation.isversionof http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/340778 en
dash.license LAA
dc.title The Power of the Pill: Oral Contraceptives and Women’s Career and Marriage Decisions en
dc.relation.journal Journal of Political Economy en
dash.depositing.author Goldin, Claudia

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  • FAS Scholarly Articles [7175]
    Peer reviewed scholarly articles from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Harvard University

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