How Attributional Ambiguity Shapes Physiological and Emotional Responses to Social Rejection and Acceptance

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How Attributional Ambiguity Shapes Physiological and Emotional Responses to Social Rejection and Acceptance

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Title: How Attributional Ambiguity Shapes Physiological and Emotional Responses to Social Rejection and Acceptance
Author: Blascovich, Jim; Major, Brenda; McCoy, Shannon; Mendes, Wendy

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Mendes, Wendy B., Brenda Major, Shannon McCoy, and Jim Blascovich. 2008. How attributional ambiguity shapes physiological and emotional responses to social rejection and acceptance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 94(2): 278-291.
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Abstract: The authors examined White and Black participants' emotional, physiological, and behavioral responses to same-race or different-race evaluators, following rejecting social feedback or accepting social feedback. As expected, in ingroup interactions, the authors observed deleterious responses to social rejection and benign responses to social acceptance. Deleterious responses included cardiovascular (CV) reactivity consistent with threat states and poorer performance, whereas benign responses included CV reactivity consistent with challenge states and better performance. In intergroup interactions, however, a more complex pattern of responses emerged. Social rejection from different-race evaluators engendered more anger and activational responses, regardless of participants' race. In contrast, social acceptance produced an asymmetrical race pattern-White participants responded more positively than did Black participants. The latter appeared vigilant and exhibited threat responses. Discussion centers on implications for attributional ambiguity theory and potential pathways from discrimination to health outcomes.
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.94.2.278
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:3119434

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  • FAS Scholarly Articles [7078]
    Peer reviewed scholarly articles from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Harvard University
 
 

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