Community Structure and Crime: Testing Social-Disorganization Theory

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Community Structure and Crime: Testing Social-Disorganization Theory

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dc.contributor.author Groves, W. Byron
dc.contributor.author Sampson, Robert
dc.date.accessioned 2009-08-27T16:53:51Z
dc.date.issued 1989
dc.identifier.citation Sampson, Robert J., and W. Byron Groves. 1989. Community structure and crime: Testing social-disorganization theory. American Journal of Sociology 94, no. 4: 774-802. Reprinted in Frances Cullen and Velmer Burton, eds., Contemporary Criminological Theory. Dartmouth Publishing Co., 1994. en
dc.identifier.issn 0002-9602 en
dc.identifier.uri http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:3226955
dc.description.abstract Shaw and McKay's influential theory of community social disorganization has never been directly tested. To address this, a community-level theory that builds on Shaw and McKay's original model is formulated and tested. The general hypothesis is that low economic status, ethnic heterogeneity, residential mobility, and family disruption lead to community social disorganization, which, in turn, increases crime and delinquency rates. A community's level of social organization is measure in terms of local friendship networks, control of street-corner teenage peer groups, and prevalence of organizational participation. The model is first tested by analyzing data for 238 localities in Great Britain constructed from a 1982 national survey of 10,905 residents. The model is then replicated on an independent national sample of 11,030 residents of 300 British localities in 1984. Results from both surveys support the theory and show that between-community variations in social disorganization transmit much of the effect of community structural characteristics on rates of both criminal victimization and criminal offending. en
dc.description.sponsorship Sociology en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher University of Chicago Press en
dc.relation.isversionof http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/229068 en
dc.relation.hasversion http://www.jstor.org/stable/2780858 en
dash.license LAA
dc.title Community Structure and Crime: Testing Social-Disorganization Theory en
dc.relation.journal American Journal of Sociology en
dash.depositing.author Sampson, Robert

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  • FAS Scholarly Articles [7374]
    Peer reviewed scholarly articles from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Harvard University

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