War and Peace: The Evolution of Modern Personnel Administration in U.S. Industry

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War and Peace: The Evolution of Modern Personnel Administration in U.S. Industry

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dc.contributor.author Jennings, P. Devereaux
dc.contributor.author Dobbin, Frank
dc.contributor.author Baron, James N.
dc.date.accessioned 2009-09-14T17:59:10Z
dc.date.issued 1986
dc.identifier.citation Baron, James N., Frank R. Dobbin, and P. Devereaux Jennings. 1986. War and peace: The evolution of modern personnel administration in U.S. industry. American Journal of Sociology 92(2): 350-383. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0002-9602 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:3293074
dc.description.abstract This paper charts the transformation of the employment relationship in different industries during the second quarter of this century and is based on a representative sampling of U.S. business organizations. The first section documents changes in the control systems that prevailed in U.S. industries between the Depression and the end of World War 11. The descriptive analyses generally corroborate portraits that have recently been provided by neo-Marxists of how and where technical and bureaucratic controls evolved. The second section sketches an explanation for the rapid diffusion of bureaucratic controls that apparently occurred between 1939 and 1946. It examines the role of three key constituencies in shaping modern systems of work force control: labor unions, personnel professionals, and the state. In particular, the analyses underscore the large role of government intervention in manpower activities during World War I1 in bureaucratizing employment. This effect of the state blurs the distinction between "efficiency" and "control" explanations of bureaucratic controls and internal labor markets, calling attention to institutional sources of change in organizations' employment structures. The concluding section highlights the implications of the findings for efforts to understand the employment relationship. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Sociology en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Chicago Press en_US
dc.relation.isversionof http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/228504 en_US
dc.relation.hasversion http://www.wjh.harvard.edu/~dobbin/cv/articles/1986_AJS_baron.pdf en_US
dash.license LAA
dc.title War and Peace: The Evolution of Modern Personnel Administration in U.S. Industry en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.description.version Version of Record en_US
dc.relation.journal American Journal of Sociology en_US
dash.depositing.author Dobbin, Frank
dc.date.available 2009-09-14T17:59:10Z

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  • FAS Scholarly Articles [7219]
    Peer reviewed scholarly articles from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Harvard University

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