Class and Politics in Wilhelmine Germany: The Center Party and the Social Democrats in Württemberg

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Class and Politics in Wilhelmine Germany: The Center Party and the Social Democrats in Württemberg

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dc.contributor.author Blackbourn, David
dc.date.accessioned 2010-02-10T15:29:15Z
dc.date.issued 1976
dc.identifier.citation Blackbourn, David. 1976. Class and politics in Wilhelmine Germany: The center party and the social democrats in Württemberg. Central European History 9(3): 220-249. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0008-9389 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1569-1616 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:3629314
dc.description.abstract Between 1890 and 1914 the Center party was, in Friedrich Naumann's words, “the measure of all things” in German politics. Throughout this period it possessed a quarter of the seats in the Reichstag, and held the balance of power between left and right. Its importance from the standpoint of Bismarck's successors as chancellor stemmed from the electoral and parliamentary decline of the National Liberals and Conservatives, the parties which had formed theKartell through which Bismarck governed the Reichstag. After 1890 these no longer commanded a majority, and other parties had to be won over by the government. With the Social Democrats permanently hostile, this narrowed the government's choice down to the Progressives and Center, either of which would give the Kartell parties a majority, and both of which were to be used to this effect. However, the Progressives were used only sparingly (above all during the Biilow Bloc of 1907–9) because of their increasing shift to the left. The historic reason for this was the party's antimilitarism; and this move to the left was reinforced by fears among Progressive leaders that their supporters might otherwise defect to the Social Democrats. The Center was therefore the only alternative. For most of the Wilhelmine period successive chancellors depended for their parliamentary majorities on the Center, which in turn showed itself willing to become a “party of government.” en_US
dc.description.sponsorship History en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Cambridge University Press en_US
dc.relation.isversionof doi:10.1017/S0008938900018227 en_US
dash.license LAA
dc.title Class and Politics in Wilhelmine Germany: The Center Party and the Social Democrats in Württemberg en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.description.version Version of Record en_US
dc.relation.journal Central European History en_US
dash.depositing.author Blackbourn, David
dc.date.available 2010-02-10T15:29:15Z

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  • FAS Scholarly Articles [7495]
    Peer reviewed scholarly articles from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Harvard University

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