Hydrothermal Exploration of the Fonualei Rift and Spreading Center and the Northeast Lau Spreading Center

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Hydrothermal Exploration of the Fonualei Rift and Spreading Center and the Northeast Lau Spreading Center

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Title: Hydrothermal Exploration of the Fonualei Rift and Spreading Center and the Northeast Lau Spreading Center
Author: Langmuir, Charles; Edmonds, H.N.; Walker, S.L.; Prien, R.D.; Resing, J.; Lupton, J.E.; Connelly, D.P.; Baker, E.T.; German, C.R.

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Citation: German, C.R., E.T. Baker, D.P. Connelly, J.E. Lupton, J. Resing, R.D. Prien, S.L. Walker, H.N. Edmonds, and C.H. Langmuir. 2006. Hydrothermal exploration of the Fonualei Rift and Spreading Center and the Northeast Lau Spreading Center. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 7: Q11022.
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Abstract: We report evidence for active hydrothermal venting along two back-arc spreading centers of the NE Lau Basin: the Fonualei Rift and Spreading Center (FRSC) and the Northeast Lau Spreading Center (NELSC). The ridge segments investigated here are of particular interest as the potential source of a mid-water hydrothermal plume (1500–2000 m depth) which extends more than 2000 km across the SW Pacific Ocean dispersing away from an apparent origin close to the most northeastern limits of the Lau Basin. Our results indicate the presence of at least four new hydrothermal plume sources, three along the FRSC and one on the NELSC, the latter situated within 150 km of the maximum for the previously identified SW Pacific regional-scale plume. However, TDFe and TDMn concentrations in the southernmost FRSC plume that we have identified only reach values of 19 and 13 nmol/L and dissolved 3He anomalies in the same plume are also small, both in relation to the SW Pacific plume and to local background, which shows evidence for extensive 3He enrichment throughout the entire Lau Basin water column. Our results reveal no evidence for a single major point hydrothermal source anywhere in the NE Lau Basin. Instead, we conclude that the regional-scale SW Pacific hydrothermal plume most probably results from the cumulative hydrothermal output of the entire topographically restricted Lau Basin, discharging via its NE-most corner.
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2006GC001324
Other Sources: http://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/~langmuir/Papers/German%20et%20al%20G3%202006.pdf
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:3685825

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  • FAS Scholarly Articles [7456]
    Peer reviewed scholarly articles from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Harvard University
 
 

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