Morphological Affinities of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis (Late Miocene Hominid from Chad) Cranium

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Morphological Affinities of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis (Late Miocene Hominid from Chad) Cranium

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dc.contributor.author Pilbeam, David
dc.contributor.author Guy, Franck
dc.contributor.author Lieberman, Daniel Eric
dc.contributor.author Ponce de Leon, Marcia
dc.contributor.author Likius, Andossa
dc.contributor.author Mackaye, Hassane T.
dc.contributor.author Vignaud, Patrick
dc.contributor.author Zollikofer, Christoph
dc.contributor.author Brunet, Michel
dc.date.accessioned 2010-03-10T15:47:28Z
dc.date.issued 2005
dc.identifier.citation Guy, Franck, Daniel E. Lieberman, David Pilbeam, Marcia Ponce de Leon, Andossa Likius, Hassane T. Mackaye, Patrick Vignaud, Christoph Zollikofer, and Michel Brunet. 2005. Morphological affinities of the Sahelanthropus tchadensis (Late Miocene hominid from Chad) cranium. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(52): 18836–18841. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0027-8424 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:3716604
dc.description.abstract The recent reconstruction of the Sahelanthropus tchadensis cranium (TM 266-01-60-1) provides an opportunity to examine in detail differences in cranial shape between this earliest-known hominid, African apes, and other hominid taxa. Here we compare the reconstruction of TM 266-01-60-1 with crania of African apes, humans, and several Pliocene hominids. The results not only confirm that TM 266-01-60-1 is a hominid but also reveal a unique mosaic of characters. The TM 266-01-60-1 reconstruction shares many primitive features with chimpanzees but overall is most similar to Australopithecus, particularly in the basicranium. However, TM 266-01-60-1 is distinctive in having the combination of a short subnasal region associated with a vertical upper face that projects substantially in front of the neurocranium. Further research is needed to determine the evolutionary relationships between Sahelanthropus and the known Miocene and Pliocene hominids. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Anthropology en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher National Academy of Sciences en_US
dc.relation.isversionof doi:10.1073/pnas.0509564102 en_US
dc.relation.hasversion http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~skeleton/PDFList.html#2005 en_US
dash.license LAA
dc.subject geometric morphometric en_US
dc.subject 3D reconstruction en_US
dc.subject African apes en_US
dc.subject homo en_US
dc.subject australopithecus en_US
dc.title Morphological Affinities of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis (Late Miocene Hominid from Chad) Cranium en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.description.version Version of Record en_US
dc.relation.journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America en_US
dash.depositing.author Pilbeam, David
dc.date.available 2010-03-10T15:47:28Z

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  • FAS Scholarly Articles [6948]
    Peer reviewed scholarly articles from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Harvard University

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