Enhancing the Validity and Cross-cultural Comparability of Measurement in Survey Research

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Enhancing the Validity and Cross-cultural Comparability of Measurement in Survey Research

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Title: Enhancing the Validity and Cross-cultural Comparability of Measurement in Survey Research
Author: King, Gary; Murray, Christopher; Salomon, Joshua A.; Ajay, Tandon

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: King, Gary, Christopher J. L. Murray, Joshua A. Salomon, and Ajay Tandon. 2004. Enhancing the validity and cross-cultural comparability of measurement in survey research. American Political Science Review 98(1):191-207.
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Abstract: We address two long-standing survey research problems: measuring complicated concepts, such as political freedom and efficacy, that researchers define best with reference to examples; and what to do when respondents interpret identical questions in different ways. Scholars have long addressed these problems with approaches to reduce incomparability, such as writing more concrete questions—with uneven success. Our alternative is to measure directly response category incomparability and to correct for it. We measure incomparability via respondents’ assessments, on the same scale as the self-assessments to be corrected, of hypothetical individuals described in short vignettes. Because the actual (but not necessarily reported) levels of the vignettes are invariant over respondents, variability in vignette answers reveals incomparability. Our corrections require either simple recodes or a statistical model designed to save survey administration costs. With analysis, simulations, and cross-national surveys, we show how response incomparability can drastically mislead survey researchers and how our approach can alleviate this problem.
Published Version: doi:10.1017/S000305540400108X
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:3965182

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  • FAS Scholarly Articles [6948]
    Peer reviewed scholarly articles from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Harvard University
 
 

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