Taphonomy and Zooarchaeology of the Upper Palaeolithic Cave of Dzudzuana, Republic of Georgia

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Taphonomy and Zooarchaeology of the Upper Palaeolithic Cave of Dzudzuana, Republic of Georgia

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dc.contributor.author Bar-Yosef, Ofer
dc.contributor.author Bar-Oz, G.
dc.contributor.author Belfer-Cohen, A.
dc.contributor.author Meshveliani, T.
dc.contributor.author Djakeli, N.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-11-15T16:23:52Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.citation Bar-Oz, G., A. Belfer-Cohen, T. Meshveliani, N. Djakeli, Ofer Bar-Yosef. 2008. Taphonomy and zooarchaeology of the Upper Palaeolithic cave of Dzudzuana, Republic of Georgia. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 18(2): 131–151. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1047-482X en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:4554229
dc.description.abstract We present the results of a detailed taphonomic and zooarchaeological study of the faunal remains from the Upper Palaeolithic layers of Dzudzuana Cave, Republic of Georgia. This study presents the first carefully analysed Upper Palaeolithic faunal assemblage from the southern Caucasus and thus serves as a significant point of reference for inter-regional studies of Upper Palaeolithic subsistence in Eurasia. A series of intra-site taphonomic comparisons are employed to reconstruct the depositional history of the bone assemblages within the different occupational phases at the site and to investigate subsistence, meat procurement and bone-processing strategies. Caucasian tur (Capra caucasica), aurochs (Bos primigenius) and steppe bison (Bison priscus) were the major prey species throughout the Upper Palaeolithic. Their frequencies do not change significantly over time, and nor does bone preservation vary by layer. The assemblage is characterised by significant densitymediated biases, caused by both human bone-processing behaviours and in situ post-burial bone attrition. Bone marrow extraction produced large numbers of unidentified bone fragments, many exhibiting green bone fractures. The density and size of bone assemblages and the extent of fragmentation indicate that Dzudzuana Cave was repeatedly occupied by Upper Palaeolithic foragers over many years. Skeletal part representation and butchery marks from all stages of carcass processing suggest that prey occasionally underwent field butchery. Intra-site taphonomic comparisons highlight uniform patterns of cultural and economic behaviours related to food procurement and processing strategies. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Anthropology en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher John Wiley & Sons en_US
dc.relation.isversionof doi:10.1002/oa.926 en_US
dash.license META_ONLY
dc.subject taphonomy en_US
dc.subject zooarchaeology en_US
dc.subject Caucasus en_US
dc.subject Upper Palaeolithic en_US
dc.subject subsistence en_US
dc.subject hunting en_US
dc.subject Republic of Georgia en_US
dc.title Taphonomy and Zooarchaeology of the Upper Palaeolithic Cave of Dzudzuana, Republic of Georgia en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.description.version Version of Record en_US
dc.relation.journal International Journal of Osteoarchaeology en_US
dash.depositing.author Bar-Yosef, Ofer
dash.embargo.until 10000-01-01

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  • FAS Scholarly Articles [6464]
    Peer reviewed scholarly articles from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Harvard University

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