Sγ3 Switch Sequences Function in Place of Endogenous Sγ1 to Mediate Antibody Class Switching

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Sγ3 Switch Sequences Function in Place of Endogenous Sγ1 to Mediate Antibody Class Switching

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Title: Sγ3 Switch Sequences Function in Place of Endogenous Sγ1 to Mediate Antibody Class Switching
Author: Zarrin, Ali A.; Goff, Peter H.; Senger, Kate; Alt, Frederick W.

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Citation: Zarrin, Ali A., Peter H. Goff, Kate Senger, and Frederick W. Alt. 2008. Sγ3 switch sequences function in place of endogenous Sγ1 to mediate antibody class switching. The Journal of Experimental Medicine 205(7): 1567-1572.
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Abstract: Immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) class switch recombination (CSR) replaces the initially expressed IgH Cμ exons with a set of downstream IgH constant region (CH) exons. Individual sets of CH exons are flanked upstream by long (1–10-kb) repetitive switch (S) regions, with CSR involving a deletional recombination event between the donor Sμ region and a downstream S region. Targeting CSR to specific S regions might be mediated by S region–specific factors. To test the role of endogenous S region sequences in targeting specific CSR events, we generated mutant B cells in which the endogenous 10-kb Sγ1 region was replaced with wild-type (WT) or synthetic 2-kb Sγ3 sequences or a synthetic 2-kb Sγ1 sequence. We found that both the inserted endogenous and synthetic Sγ3 sequences functioned similarly to a size-matched synthetic Sγ1 sequence to mediate substantial CSR to IgG1 in mutant B cells activated under conditions that stimulate IgG1 switching in WT B cells. We conclude that Sγ3 can function similarly to Sγ1 in mediating endogenous CSR to IgG1. The approach that we have developed will facilitate assays for IgH isotype–specific functions of other endogenous S regions.
Published Version: doi:10.1084/jem.20080451
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2442634/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:4621710

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