Treatment Interruption after Pregnancy: Effects on Disease Progression and Laboratory Findings

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Treatment Interruption after Pregnancy: Effects on Disease Progression and Laboratory Findings

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Title: Treatment Interruption after Pregnancy: Effects on Disease Progression and Laboratory Findings
Author: Mendez, H.; LaRussa, P.; Diaz, C.; Mofenson, L. M.; Watts, D. H.; Lu, M.; Tuomala, Ruth Ellen; Hanson, C.; Rich, K.; Thompson, B.; Meyer, W. A.

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Citation: Watts, D. H., M. Lu, B. Thompson, R. E. Tuomala, W. A. Meyer, H. Mendez, K. Rich, C. Hanson, P. LaRussa, C. Diaz, and et al. 2009. Treatment interruption after pregnancy: Effects on disease progression and laboratory findings. Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology 2009: 456717.
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Abstract: Objective. To assess clinical progression and inflammatory markers among women stopping or continuing antiretroviral therapy (ART) after pregnancy. Methods. ART-naïve women with CD4+ lymphocyte counts >350 cells/uL initiating ART during pregnancy had clinical events and laboratory markers compared over one year postpartum between those stopping (n = 59) or continuing (n = 147) ART. Results. Slopes in CD4 count and HIV RNA did not differ between groups overall and in subsets of ZDV or combination therapy. The hazard ratio (HR) of a new class B event was 2.09 (95% CI 0.79–5.58) among women stopping ART, 1.24 (0.31–4.95) in those stopping ZDV, and 2.93 (0.64–13.36) among those stopping combination therapy. Women stopping ART had increased immune activation. No significant differences were seen in C-reactive protein, lipids, leptin, or interleukin-6. Conclusions. While changes in CD4 and HIV RNA levels over one year were similar between women stopping or continuing ART postpartum, higher immune activation among women stopping therapy requires further study.
Published Version: doi://10.1155/2009/456717
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2772023/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:5332809

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