Enabling a High Throughput Real Time Data Pipeline for a Large Radio Telescope Array with GPUs

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Enabling a High Throughput Real Time Data Pipeline for a Large Radio Telescope Array with GPUs

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Title: Enabling a High Throughput Real Time Data Pipeline for a Large Radio Telescope Array with GPUs
Author: Pfister, Hanspeter; Edgar, Richard G; Mitchell, Daniel A; Ord, Stephen M; Greenhill, Lincoln J.; Clark, Michael A.; Dale, Kevin; Wayth, Randall B.

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Citation: Edgara, Richard G., Michael A. Clark, Kevin Dale, Daniel A. Mitchell, Stephen M. Ord, Randall B. Wayth, Hanspeter Pfister, and Lincoln J. Greenhill. 2010. Enabling a high throughput real time data pipeline for a large radio telescope array with GPUs. Computer Physics Communications 181(10): 1707-1714.
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Abstract: The Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) is a next-generation radio telescope currently under construction in the remote Western Australia Outback. Raw data will be generated continuously at 5 GiB s\(^{−1}\), grouped into 8 s cadences. This high throughput motivates the development of on-site, real time processing and reduction in preference to archiving, transport and off-line processing. Each batch of 8 s data must be completely reduced before the next batch arrives. Maintaining real time operation will require a sustained performance of around 2.5 TFLOP s\(^{−1}\) (including convolutions, FFTs, interpolations and matrix multiplications). We describe a scalable heterogeneous computing pipeline implementation, exploiting both the high computing density and FLOP-per-Watt ratio of modern GPUs. The architecture is highly parallel within and across nodes, with all major processing elements performed by GPUs. Necessary scatter-gather operations along the pipeline are loosely synchronized between the nodes hosting the GPUs. The MWA will be a frontier scientific instrument and a pathfinder for planned peta- and exascale facilities.
Published Version: doi:10.1016/j.cpc.2010.06.019
Other Sources: http://gvi.seas.harvard.edu/sites/all/files/CPC_2010.pdf
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Open Access Policy Articles, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#OAP
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:5344187

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  • FAS Scholarly Articles [6466]
    Peer reviewed scholarly articles from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Harvard University
 
 

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