Can I Trust You? Negative Affective Priming Influences Social Judgments in Schizophrenia

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Can I Trust You? Negative Affective Priming Influences Social Judgments in Schizophrenia

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dc.contributor.author Hooker, Christine
dc.contributor.author Tully, Laura Magdalen
dc.contributor.author Verosky, Sara C.
dc.contributor.author Fisher, Melissa
dc.contributor.author Holland, Christine
dc.contributor.author Vinogradov, Sophia
dc.date.accessioned 2011-11-14T17:14:48Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Hooker, Christine I., Laura M. Tully, Sara C. Verosky, Melissa Fisher, Christine Holland, and Sophia Vinogradov. 2011. Can I trust you? Negative affective priming influences social judgments in schizophrenia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 120(1): 98-107. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0021-843X en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:5345161
dc.description.abstract Successful social interactions rely on the ability to make accurate judgments based on social cues as well as the ability to control the influence of internal or external affective information on those judgments. Prior research suggests that individuals with schizophrenia misinterpret social stimuli and this misinterpretation contributes to impaired social functioning. We tested the hypothesis that for people with schizophrenia, social judgments are abnormally influenced by affective information. Twenty-three patients with schizophrenia and 35 healthy control participants rated the trustworthiness of faces following the presentation of neutral, negative (threat-related), or positive affective primes. Results showed that all participants rated faces following negative affective primes as less trustworthy than faces following neutral or positive primes. Importantly, this effect was significantly more pronounced for participants with schizophrenia, suggesting that schizophrenia may be characterized by an exaggerated influence of negative affective information on social judgment. Furthermore, the extent that the negative affective prime influenced trustworthiness judgments was significantly associated with patients' severity of positive symptoms, particularly feelings of persecution. These findings suggest that for people with schizophrenia, negative affective information contributes to an interpretive bias, consistent with paranoid ideation, when judging the trustworthiness of others. This bias may contribute to social impairments in schizophrenia. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Psychology en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Psychological Association en_US
dc.relation.isversionof doi:10.1037/a0020630 en_US
dash.license OAP
dc.title Can I Trust You? Negative Affective Priming Influences Social Judgments in Schizophrenia en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.description.version Accepted Manuscript en_US
dc.relation.journal Journal of Abnormal Psychology en_US
dash.depositing.author Hooker, Christine
dc.date.available 2011-11-14T17:14:48Z

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  • FAS Scholarly Articles [6466]
    Peer reviewed scholarly articles from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Harvard University

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