Ectonucleotidases in Müller Glial Cells of the Rodent Retina: Involvement in Inhibition of Osmotic Cell Swelling

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Ectonucleotidases in Müller Glial Cells of the Rodent Retina: Involvement in Inhibition of Osmotic Cell Swelling

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Title: Ectonucleotidases in Müller Glial Cells of the Rodent Retina: Involvement in Inhibition of Osmotic Cell Swelling
Author: Iandiev, Ianors; Wurm, Antje; Pannicke, Thomas; Wiedemann, Peter; Reichenbach, Andreas; Zimmermann, Herbert; Bringmann, Andreas; Robson, Simon Christopher

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Citation: Iandiev, Ianors, Antje Wurm, Thomas Pannicke, Peter Wiedemann, Andreas Reichenbach, Simon C. Robson, Herbert Zimmermann, and Andreas Bringmann. 2007. Ectonucleotidases in Müller glial cells of the rodent retina: Involvement in inhibition of osmotic cell swelling. Purinergic Signalling 3(4): 423-433.
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Abstract: Extracellular nucleotides mediate glia-to-neuron signalling in the retina and are implicated in the volume regulation of retinal glial (Müller) cells under osmotic stress conditions. We investigated the expression and functional role of ectonucleotidases in Müller cells of the rodent retina by cell-swelling experiments, calcium imaging, and immuno- and enzyme histochemistry. The swelling of Müller cells under hypoosmotic stress was inhibited by activation of an autocrine purinergic signalling cascade. This cascade is initiated by exogenous glutamate and involves the consecutive activation of \(P2Y_1\) and adenosine A1 receptors, the action of ectoadenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP)ases, and a nucleoside-transporter-mediated release of adenosine. Inhibition of ectoapyrases increased the ATP-evoked calcium responses in Müller cell endfeet. Müller cells were immunoreactive for nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (NTPDase)2 (but not NTPDase1), ecto-5′-nucleotidase, P2Y1, and A1 receptors. Enzyme histochemistry revealed that ATP but not adenosine 5′-diphosphate (ADP) is extracellularly metabolised in retinal slices of NTPDase1 knockout mice. NTPDase1 activity and protein is restricted to blood vessels, whereas activity of alkaline phosphatase is essentially absent at physiological pH. The data suggest that NTPDase2 is the major ATP-degrading ectonucleotidase of the retinal parenchyma. NTPDase2 expressed by Müller cells can be implicated in the regulation of purinergic calcium responses and cellular volume.
Published Version: doi:10.1007/s11302-007-9061-3
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2072913/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:5355303

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