Effects of Liarozole Fumarate (R85246) in Combination with Tamoxifen on N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-induced Mammary Carcinoma and Uterus in the Rat Model

DSpace/Manakin Repository

Effects of Liarozole Fumarate (R85246) in Combination with Tamoxifen on N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-induced Mammary Carcinoma and Uterus in the Rat Model

Citable link to this page

. . . . . .

Title: Effects of Liarozole Fumarate (R85246) in Combination with Tamoxifen on N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-induced Mammary Carcinoma and Uterus in the Rat Model
Author: Strasser-Weippl, Kathrin; Qi, Shangle; Hu, Haiqing; Goss, Paul E.

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Goss, Paul E, Kathrin Strasser-Weippl, Shangle Qi, and Haiqing Hu. 2007. Effects of liarozole fumarate (R85246) in combination with tamoxifen on N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-induced mammary carcinoma and uterus in the rat model. BMC Cancer 7: 26.
Full Text & Related Files:
Abstract: Background: Liarozole fumarate (liarozole – R85246) is a novel compound with characteristics of both aromatase inhibitor (AI) and a retinoic acid metabolism blocking agent (RAMBA). Our objective was to determine the effects of liarozole alone or in combination with tamoxifen on the N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-induced rat mammary carcinoma model, as well as on the uterus in ovariectomized immature rats. Methods: (1) Tumor burden experiments: Animals bearing one or more tumors greater than 10 mm in diameter were treated for 56 consecutive days with 20 mg/kg or 80 mg/kg of liarozole by oral gavage, tamoxifen 100 μg/kg by subcutaneous injection, or a combination of liarozole and tamoxifen. At the end of the treatment period, total cumulative tumor volume as well as retinoic acid levels were measured. (2) Uterotrophic assay and proliferation experiments: 21-day-old ovariectomized (OVX) Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with 20 mg/kg or 80 mg/kg of liarozole by oral gavage, tamoxifen 1 mg/kg by subcutaneous injection, and combination of both for 4 consecutive days. At the end of the treatment period, uterine weight, epithelial lining cell height and indices of proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were measured. Results: The tumor burden experiments in rats bearing estrogen receptor (ER) positive mammary tumours showed that liarozole has a marked anti-tumour effect. In combination with tamoxifen, liarozole had neither an additive nor an antagonistic effect. However, liarozole markedly reduced the uterotrophic effects induced by tamoxifen. Conclusion: Liarozole's antitumor effects on ER positive mammary tumors and its protective effect on the uterus merit further studies to confirm its clinical value in combination with tamoxifen in ER positive postmenopausal breast cancer. Liarozole and other retinomimetics might also be suitable chemoprevention drugs in combination with tamoxifen because of their favorable toxicity profile.
Published Version: doi://10.1186/1471-2407-7-26
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1796889/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:8000935

Show full Dublin Core record

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

 
 

Search DASH


Advanced Search
 
 

Submitters