A New Means To Identify Type 3 Secreted Effectors: Functionally Interchangeable Class IB Chaperones Recognize a Conserved Sequence

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A New Means To Identify Type 3 Secreted Effectors: Functionally Interchangeable Class IB Chaperones Recognize a Conserved Sequence

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Title: A New Means To Identify Type 3 Secreted Effectors: Functionally Interchangeable Class IB Chaperones Recognize a Conserved Sequence
Author: Schmitz, Alexa M.; Jahufar, Fathima F.; Boyd, Justin D.; Cho, Min Y.; Costa, Sonia; Glicksman, Marcie Ann; Lesser, Cammie

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Citation: Costa, Sonia C. P., Alexa M. Schmitz, Fathima F. Jahufar, Justin D. Boyd, Min Y. Cho, Marcie A. Glicksman, and Cammie F. Lesser. 2012. A new means to identify type 3 secreted effectors: Functionally interchangeable class IB chaperones recognize a conserved sequence. mBio 3(1): e00243-11.
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Abstract: Many Gram-negative bacteria utilize specialized secretion systems to inject proteins (effectors) directly into host cells. Little is known regarding how bacteria ensure that only small subsets of the thousands of proteins they encode are recognized as substrates of the secretion systems, limiting their identification through bioinformatic analyses. Many of these proteins require chaperones to direct their secretion. Here, using the newly described protein interaction platform assay, we demonstrate that type 3 secretion system class IB chaperones from one bacterium directly bind their own effectors as well as those from other species. In addition, we observe that expression of class IB homologs from seven species, including pathogens and endosymbionts, mediate the translocation of effectors from Shigella directly into host cells, demonstrating that class IB chaperones are often functionally interchangeable. Notably, class IB chaperones bind numerous effectors. However, as previously proposed, they are not promiscuous; rather they recognize a defined sequence that we designate the conserved chaperone-binding domain (CCBD) sequence [(LMIF)\(_{1}\)XXX(IV)\(_{5}\)XX(IV)\(_{8}\)X(N)\(_{10}\)]. This sequence is the first defined amino acid sequence to be identified for any interspecies bacterial secretion system, i.e., a system that delivers proteins directly into eukaryotic cells. This sequence provides a new means to identify substrates of type III secretion systems. Indeed, using a pattern search algorithm for the CCBD sequence, we have identified the first two probable effectors from an endosymbiont, Sodalis glossinidius.
Published Version: doi://10.1128/mBio.00243-11
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3280449/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:8715717

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