A Retrospective Review of FDA v. Brown Williamson Tobacco Corporation and the Issue of Congressional Intent

DSpace/Manakin Repository

A Retrospective Review of FDA v. Brown Williamson Tobacco Corporation and the Issue of Congressional Intent

Citable link to this page

. . . . . .

Title: A Retrospective Review of FDA v. Brown Williamson Tobacco Corporation and the Issue of Congressional Intent
Author: Brooks, Angela
Citation: A Retrospective Review of FDA v. Brown Williamson Tobacco Corporation and the Issue of Congressional Intent (2004 Third Year Paper)
Full Text & Related Files:
Abstract: Contrary to a tradition of the FDA (Federal Food and Drug Administration) consistently maintaining that it could not assert jurisdiction over tobacco products, the agency issued a determination of jurisdiction over cigarettes and smokeless tobacco and proposed a set of regulations in 1996 in an effort to combat the public health problems caused by tobacco products. Rather than a complete ban, the FDA proposed regulations aimed solely at younger Americans due to its conclusion that such an approach was safer for the public health. Despite a variety of arguments by the FDA, the Supreme Court held that the FDA could not assert jurisdiction over tobacco products because Congress had directly addressed that precise question and had precluded the FDA from regulating cigarettes and smokeless tobacco. Examining the FDA regulatory scheme as well as the several pieces of tobacco-specific legislation enacted by Congress, the Court found that the FDA’s regulation of tobacco products would be contradictory to the FDCA (Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act) as a whole and to Congress’ intent to adopt a separate regulatory regime for tobacco products. Through a narrow interpretation of the FDCA and a broad reading of the tobacco-related legislation broadly, the Court concluded that Congress could not have intended the FDA to regulate cigarettes and smokeless tobacco.
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:8889442

Show full Dublin Core record

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

 
 

Search DASH


Advanced Search
 
 

Submitters