The mandates of October 2010
SPARC Open Access Newsletter, issue #151
November 2, 2010
by Peter Suber
October 2010 was the most prolific month for OA mandates in our history.  We saw adopted OA mandates at two funders (Agricultural Research Service at the US Department of Agriculture and a funding program at the Gates Foundation), adopted OA mandates at six research institutions (Australian National University, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Teesside University, Trinity College Dublin, University of Troms°), one adopted OA mandate at a multi-institutional consortium (the EUR-OCEANS Consortium, representing 29 institutions), one adopted departmental OA mandate (library faculty at Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis), two adopted OA resolutions or pledges (librarians at Arizona State University, University of Northern Colorado), one adopted OA thesis mandate (University of Westminster), three OA thesis mandates adopted earlier but announced in October (Loughborough University, University of Nottingham, Wageningen University & Research Centre), two forthcoming mandates announced (Birkbeck College at the University of London, the University of Twente), one OA mandate in preparation (India's National Metallurgical Laboratory), and one proposed departmental OA mandate (Northern Melbourne Institute of Tertiary and Vocational Education and Training) --altogether 20 actions at 38 institutions in 9 countries (Australia, France, India, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, UK, USA), or in 20 countries if you count all the countries were member institutions of the EUR-OCEANS Consortium are located (adding Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Morocco, Poland, South Africa, and Sweden).  For links, see the Roundup section below.

For some comparison, here are the two runners up:

October 2006:  One new OA mandate (Austria's F÷rderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung), one new open data mandate (China's Ministry of Science and Technology), one previously adopted OA mandate extended from new grants to outstanding past grants (Wellcome Trust), four previously adopted OA mandates took effect (Biotechnology & Biological Sciences Research Council, Economic & Social Research Council, Medical Research Council, Natural Environment Research Council), one previously adopted OA mandate announced (Particle Physics & Astronomy Research Council), one adopted near-mandate (Council for the Central Laboratory of the Research Councils), one draft OA mandate released for comment (Canadian Institutes of Health Research), and one draft mandate revealed to be under deliberation (Howard Hughes Medical Institute) --altogether eleven actions in five countries (Austria, Canada, China, the UK, and the US).

January 2008:   New OA mandates from three funders (European Research Council, US National Institutes of Health, Italy's Istituto Superiore di SanitÓ), two OA mandates took effect (Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Howard Hughes Medical Institute), one previously adopted OA mandate announced (Charles Sturt University), two near-mandates adopted (Hokkaido University, Spain's National Research Council, and the Swiss Academy of the Humanities and Social Sciences), one reaffirmation of an earlier OA mandate not previously enforced (the Russian public sector information) --altogether ten developments in eight countries (Australia, Canada, EU, Italy, Japan, Russia, Spain, Switzerland, and the US).


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