Now showing items 1-12 of 12

    • The Burden of Disease and Injury in the United States 1996 

      Begg, Stephen; Tomijima, Niels; Majmudar, Meghna; Bulzacchelli, Maria T; Ebrahim, Shahul; Gaber Kreiser, Jessica; Hogan, Mollie; Michaud, Catherine M.; McKenna, Matthew; Ezzati, Majid; Salomon, Joshua A.; Murray, Christopher (BioMed Central, 2006)
      Background: Burden of disease studies have been implemented in many countries using the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY) to assess major health problems. Important objectives of the study were to quantify intra-country ...
    • Comparability of Self Rated Health: Cross Sectional Multi-Country Survey Using Anchoring Vignettes 

      Salomon, Joshua A.; Tandon, Ajay; Murray, Christopher J. L. (BMJ Publishing Group, 2004)
      Objective: To examine differences in expectations for health using anchoring vignettes, which describe fixed levels of health on dimensions such as mobility. Design: Cross sectional survey of adults living in the community. ...
    • Diabetes Prevalence and Diagnosis in US states: Analysis of Health Surveys 

      Danaei, Goodarz; Friedman, Ari B; Oza, Shefali; Murray, Christopher; Ezzati, Majid (BioMed Central, 2009)
      Background: Current US surveillance data provide estimates of diabetes using laboratory tests at the national level as well as self-reported data at the state level. Self-reported diabetes prevalence may be biased because ...
    • Eight Americas: Investigating Mortality Disparities across Races, Counties, and Race-Counties in the United States 

      Murray, Christopher; Kulkarni, Sandeep C; Michaud, Catherine M.; Tomijima, Niels; Bulzacchelli, Maria T; Iandiorio, Terrell J; Ezzati, Majid (Public Library of Science, 2006)
      Background: The gap between the highest and lowest life expectancies for race-county combinations in the United States is over 35 y. We divided the race-county combinations of the US population into eight distinct groups, ...
    • Enhancing the Validity and Cross-cultural Comparability of Measurement in Survey Research 

      King, Gary; Murray, Christopher; Salomon, Joshua A.; Ajay, Tandon (Cambridge University Press, 2004)
      We address two long-standing survey research problems: measuring complicated concepts, such as political freedom and efficacy, that researchers define best with reference to examples; and what to do when respondents interpret ...
    • Estimating Population Cause-Specific Mortality Fractions from in-Hospital Mortality: Validation of a New Method 

      Murray, Christopher; Lopez, Alan D; Barofsky, Jeremy Theodore; Bryson-Cahn, Chloe; Lozano, Rafael (Public Library of Science, 2007)
      Background: Cause-of-death data for many developing countries are not available. Information on deaths in hospital by cause is available in many low- and middle-income countries but is not a representative sample of deaths ...
    • From Wealth to Health: Modelling the Distribution of Income Per Capita at the Sub-National Level Using Night-Time Light Imagery 

      Ebener, Steeve; Murray, Christopher; Tandon, Ajay; Elvidge, Christopher C (BioMed Central, 2005)
      Background: Sub-national figures providing information about the wealth of the population are useful in defining the spatial distribution of both economic activity and poverty within any given country. Furthermore, since ...
    • Global Patterns of Healthy Life Expectancy in the Year 2002 

      Mathers, Colin D; Iburg, Kim Moesgaard; Tandon, Ajay; Chatterji, Somnath; Ustün, Bedirhan; Salomon, Joshua A.; Murray, Christopher (BioMed Central, 2004)
      Background: Healthy life expectancy – sometimes called health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) – is a form of health expectancy indicator that extends measures of life expectancy to account for the distribution of health ...
    • Introduction of Article-Processing Charges for Population Health Metrics 

      Mathers, Colin D; Murray, Christopher (BioMed Central, 2003)
      Population Health Metrics is an open-access online electronic journal published by BioMed Central – it is universally and freely available online to everyone, its authors retain copyright, and it is archived in at least ...
    • Measuring Under-Five Mortality: Validation of New Low-Cost Methods 

      Rajaratnam, Julie Knoll; Tran, Linda N.; Lopez, Alan D.; Murray, Christopher (Public Library of Science, 2010)
      Background: There has been increasing interest in measuring under-five mortality as a health indicator and as a critical measure of human development. In countries with complete vital registration systems that capture all ...
    • The Reversal of Fortunes: Trends in County Mortality and Cross-County Mortality Disparities in the United States 

      Friedman, Ari B; Kulkarni, Sandeep C; Novotny, Thomas; Ezzati, Majid; Murray, Christopher (Public Library of Science, 2008)
      Background: Counties are the smallest unit for which mortality data are routinely available, allowing consistent and comparable long-term analysis of trends in health disparities. Average life expectancy has steadily ...
    • What Can We Conclude from Death Registration? Improved Methods for Evaluating Completeness 

      Murray, Christopher; Rajaratnam, Julie Knoll; Marcus, Jacob; Laakso, Thomas Andrew; Lopez, Alan D. (Public Library of Science, 2010)
      Background: One of the fundamental building blocks for determining the burden of disease in populations is to reliably measure the level and pattern of mortality by age and sex. Where well-functioning registration systems ...