Now showing items 1-9 of 9

    • Air Pollution and ST-Segment Depression in Elderly Subjects 

      MacCallum, Gail; Canner, Marina J.; Gold, Diane R.; Litonjua, Augusto Ampil; Zanobetti, Antonella; Coull, Brent Andrew; Schwartz, Joel David; Verrier, Richard Leonard; Nearing, Bruce David; Suh MacIntosh, Helen H.; Stone, Peter Howard (National Institue of Environmental Health Sciences, 2005)
      Increased levels of daily ambient particle pollution have been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity. Black carbon (BC) is a measure of the traffic-related component of particles. We investigated ...
    • Brachial Artery Responses to Ambient Pollution, Temperature, and Humidity in People with Type 2 Diabetes: A Repeated-Measures Study 

      Zanobetti, Antonella; Luttmann-Gibson, Heike; Horton, Edward S.; Cohen, Allison; Coull, Brent A.; Hoffmann, Barbara; Schwartz, Joel D.; Mittleman, Murray A.; Li, Yongsheng; Stone, Peter H.; de Souza, Celine; Lamparello, Brooke; Koutrakis, Petros; Gold, Diane R. (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2014)
      Background: Extreme weather and air pollution are associated with increased cardiovascular risk in people with diabetes. Objectives: In a population with diabetes, we conducted a novel assessment of vascular brachial artery ...
    • Effects of Low Endothelial Shear Stress After Stent Implantation on Subsequent Neointimal Hyperplasia and Clinical Outcomes in Humans 

      Shishido, Koki; Antoniadis, Antonios P.; Takahashi, Saeko; Tsuda, Masaya; Mizuno, Shingo; Andreou, Ioannis; Papafaklis, Michail I.; Coskun, Ahmet U.; O'Brien, Caroline; Feldman, Charles L.; Saito, Shigeru; Edelman, Elazer R.; Stone, Peter H. (John Wiley and Sons Inc., 2016)
      Background: In‐stent hyperplasia (ISH) may develop in regions of low endothelial shear stress (ESS), but the relationship between the magnitude of low ESS, the extent of ISH, and subsequent clinical events has not been ...
    • Intervention to Lower Household Wood Smoke Exposure in Guatemala Reduces ST-Segment Depression on Electrocardiograms 

      McCracken, John Patrick; Smith, Kirk R.; Stone, Peter Howard; Díaz, Anaité; Arana, Byron; Schwartz, Joel David (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2011)
      Background: A large body of evidence suggests that fine particulate matter (PM) air pollution is a cause of cardiovascular disease, but little is known in particular about the cardiovascular effects of indoor air pollution ...
    • Obesity is a modifier of autonomic cardiac responses to fine metal particulates 

      Chen, Jiu-Chiuan; Cavallari, Jennifer Margaret; Stone, Peter Howard; Christiani, David C. (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2007)
      Background: Increasing evidence suggests that obesity may impart greater susceptibility to adverse effects of air pollution. Particulate matter, especially PM\(_{2.5}\) (particulate matter with aero-dynamic diameter ≤2.5 ...
    • Opposing Effects of Particle Pollution, Ozone, and Ambient Temperature on Arterial Blood Pressure 

      Luttmann-Gibson, Heike; de Souza, Celine; Foley, Christopher; Hoffmann, Barbara H.; Cohen, Allison Leigh; Zanobetti, Antonella; Suh MacIntosh, Helen H.; Coull, Brent Andrew; Schwartz, Joel David; Mittleman, Murray A.; Stone, Peter Howard; Horton, Edward S.; Gold, Diane R. (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2012)
      Background: Diabetes increases the risk of hypertension and orthostatic hypotension and raises the risk of cardiovascular death during heat waves and high pollution episodes. Objective: We examined whether short-term ...
    • Reduction in Heart Rate Variability with Traffic and Air Pollution in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease 

      Zanobetti, Antonella; Gold, Diane R.; Stone, Peter Howard; Suh MacIntosh, Helen H.; Schwartz, Joel David; Coull, Brent Andrew; Speizer, Frank Erwin (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2009)
      Introduction: Ambient particulate pollution and traffic have been linked to myocardial infarction and cardiac death risk. Possible mechanisms include autonomic cardiac dysfunction. Methods: In a repeated-measures study of ...
    • The Relationship Between Ambient Air Pollution and Heart Rate Variability Differs for Individuals with Heart and Pulmonary Disease 

      Wheeler, Amanda; Zanobetti, Antonella; Gold, Diane R.; Schwartz, Joel David; Stone, Peter Howard; Suh MacIntosh, Helen H. (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2005)
      Associations between concentrations of ambient fine particles [particulate matter < 2.5 μm aerodynamic diameter (PM\(_{2.5}\))] and heart rate variability (HRV) have differed by study population. We examined the effects ...
    • Thin-Capped Atheromata With Reduced Collagen Content in Pigs Develop in Coronary Arterial Regions Exposed to Persistently Low Endothelial Shear Stress 

      Koskinas, K. C.; Sukhova, Galina K.; Baker, A. B.; Papafaklis, M. I.; Chatzizisis, Y. S.; Coskun, A. U.; Quillard, T.; Jonas, M.; Maynard, C.; Antoniadis, Antonios; Shi, Guo-Ping; Libby, Peter; Edelman, Elazer Reuven; Feldman, Charles Lawrence; Stone, Peter Howard (Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), 2013)
      Objective—The mechanisms promoting the focal formation of rupture-prone coronary plaques in vivo remain incompletely understood. This study tested the hypothesis that coronary regions exposed to low endothelial shear stress ...