Now showing items 1-19 of 19

    • Assessing Sources of Human Methylmercury Exposure Using Stable Mercury Isotopes 

      Li, Miling; Sherman, Laura S.; Blum, Joel D.; Grandjean, Philippe; Mikkelsen, Bjarni; Weihe, Pál; Sunderland, Elynor M; Shine, James P. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014)
      Seafood consumption is the primary route of methylmercury (MeHg) exposure for most populations. Inherent uncertainties in dietary survey data point to the need for an empirical tool to confirm exposure sources. We therefore ...
    • Balancing the benefits of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and the risks of methylmercury exposure from fish consumption 

      Mahaffey, Kathryn R; Sunderland, Elynor M; Chan, Hing Man; Choi, Anna; Grandjean, Philippe; Mariën, Koenraad; Oken, Emily; Sakamoto, Mineshi; Schoeny, Rita; Weihe, Pál; Yan, Chong-Huai; Yasutake, Akira (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2011)
      Fish and shellfish are widely available foods that provide important nutrients, particularly n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), to many populations globally. These nutrients, especially docosahexaenoic acid, ...
    • Benefits of Regulating Hazardous Air Pollutants from Coal and Oil-Fired Utilities in the United States 

      Sunderland, Elsie M; Driscoll, Charles T.; Hammitt, James K.; Grandjean, Philippe; Evans, John S.; Blum, Joel D.; Chen, Celia Y.; Evers, David C.; Jaffe, Daniel A.; Mason, Robert P.; Goho, Shaun Alaric; Jacobs, Wendy B (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2016)
    • Biogeochemical drivers of the fate of riverine mercury discharged to the global and Arctic oceans 

      Zhang, Yanxu; Jacob, Daniel James; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie; Amos, Helen Marie; Long, Michael Smither; Sunderland, Elynor M (Wiley-Blackwell, 2015)
      Rivers discharge 28 ± 13 Mmol yr1 of mercury (Hg) to ocean margins, an amount comparable to atmospheric deposition to the global oceans. Most of the Hg discharged by rivers is sequestered by burial of benthic sediment in ...
    • A Data-Driven Design Evaluation Tool for Handheld Device Soft Keyboards 

      Trudeau, Matthieu B.; Sunderland, Elsie M.; Jindrich, Devin L.; Dennerlein, Jack T. (Public Library of Science, 2014)
      Thumb interaction is a primary technique used to operate small handheld devices such as smartphones. Despite the different techniques involved in operating a handheld device compared to a personal computer, the keyboard ...
    • Detection of Poly- and Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) in U.S. Drinking Water Linked to Industrial Sites, Military Fire Training Areas, and Wastewater Treatment Plants 

      Hu, Xindi C.; Andrews, David Q.; Lindstrom, Andrew B.; Bruton, Thomas A.; Schaider, Laurel A.; Grandjean, Philippe; Lohmann, Rainer; Carignan, Courtney C.; Blum, Arlene; Balan, Simona A.; Higgins, Christopher P.; Sunderland, Elsie M. (American Chemical Society, 2016)
      Drinking water contamination with poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) poses risks to the developmental, immune, metabolic, and endocrine health of consumers. We present a spatial analysis of 2013–2015 national ...
    • Elemental Mercury Concentrations and Fluxes in the Tropical Atmosphere and Ocean 

      Soerensen, Anne Laerke; Mason, Robert P.; Balcom, Prentiss H.; Jacob, Daniel James; Zhang, Yanxu; Kuss, Joachim; Sunderland, Elynor M (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014)
      Air–sea exchange of elemental mercury (Hg0) is a critical component of the global biogeochemical Hg cycle. To better understand variability in atmospheric and oceanic Hg0, we collected high-resolution measurements across ...
    • Environmental Origins of Methylmercury in Aquatic Biota and Humans 

      Li, Miling (2016-05-03)
      Methylmercury (MeHg) is a neurotoxin found in fish and shellfish, that poses risks to human and ecological health. Exposure to MeHg adversely affects neurodevelopment of children and cardiovascular health in adults. Seafood ...
    • Factors Driving Mercury Variability in the Arctic Atmosphere and Ocean over the Past 30 Years 

      Fisher, Jenny A.; Jacob, Daniel James; Soerensen, Anne Laerke; Amos, Helen Marie; Corbitt, Elizabeth Sturges; Streets, David G.; Wang, Qiaoqiao; Yantosca, Robert M.; Sunderland, Elynor M (Wiley-Blackwell, 2013)
      [1] Long-term observations at Arctic sites (Alert and Zeppelin) show large interannual variability (IAV) in atmospheric mercury (Hg), implying a strong sensitivity of Hg to environmental factors and potentially to climate ...
    • Future trends in environmental mercury concentrations: implications for prevention strategies 

      Sunderland, Elsie M; Selin, Noelle E (BioMed Central, 2013)
      In their new paper, Bellanger and coauthors show substantial economic impacts to the EU from neurocognitive impairment associated with methylmercury (MeHg) exposures. The main source of MeHg exposure is seafood consumption, ...
    • Gas-Particle Partitioning of Atmospheric Hg(II) and Its Effect on Global Mercury Deposition 

      Amos, Helen Marie; Jacob, Daniel J.; Holmes, C. D.; Fisher, Jenny Allison; Wang, Qiaoqiao; Yantosca, Robert M.; Corbitt, Elizabeth Sturges; Galarneau, E.; Rutter, A. P.; Gustin, M. S.; Steffen, A.; Schauer, J. J.; Graydon, J. A.; Louis, V. L. St.; Talbot, R. W.; Edgerton, E. S.; Zhang, Y.; Sunderland, Elynor M (Copernicus GmbH, 2012)
      Atmospheric deposition of Hg(II) represents a major input of mercury to surface environments. The phase of Hg(II) (gas or particle) has important implications for deposition. We use long-term observations of reactive gaseous ...
    • Global Biogeochemical Implications of Mercury Discharges from Rivers and Sediment Burial 

      Amos, Helen Marie; Jacob, Daniel James; Kocman, David; Horowitz, Hannah Marie; Zhang, Yanxu; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie; Horvat, Milena; Corbitt, Elizabeth Sturges; Krabbenhoft, David P.; Sunderland, Elynor M (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014)
      Rivers are an important source of mercury (Hg) to marine ecosystems. Based on an analysis of compiled observations, we estimate global present-day Hg discharges from rivers to ocean margins are 27 plus or minus 13 Mmol a ...
    • Global Source–Receptor Relationships for Mercury Deposition Under Present-Day and 2050 Emissions Scenarios 

      Corbitt, Elizabeth Sturges; Jacob, Daniel James; Holmes, Christopher D.; Streets, David G.; Sunderland, Elynor M (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2011)
      Global policies regulating anthropogenic mercury require an understanding of the relationship between emitted and deposited mercury on intercontinental scales. Here, we examine source–receptor relationships for present-day ...
    • Historical Mercury Releases from Commercial Products: Global Environmental Implications 

      Horowitz, Hannah Marie; Jacob, Daniel James; Amos, Helen Marie; Streets, David G.; Sunderland, Elynor M (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014)
      The intentional use of mercury (Hg) in products and processes (“commercial Hg”) has contributed a large and previously unquantified anthropogenic source of Hg to the global environment over the industrial era, with major ...
    • An Improved Global Model for Air-Sea Exchange of Mercury: High Concentrations over the North Atlantic 

      Soerensen, Anne Laerke; Sunderland, Elynor M; Holmes, Christopher D.; Jacob, Daniel James; Yantosca, Robert M.; Skov, Henrik; Christensen, Jesper H.; Strode, Sarah A.; Mason, Robert P. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2010)
      We develop an improved treatment of the surface ocean in the GEOS-Chem global 3-D biogeochemical model for mercury (Hg). We replace the globally uniform subsurface ocean Hg concentrations used in the original model with ...
    • A mass budget for mercury and methylmercury in the Arctic Ocean 

      Soerensen, Anne; Jacob, Daniel James; Schartup, Amina; Fisher, Jenny; Lehnherr, Igor; St. Louis, Vincent L.; Heimbürger, Lars-Eric; Sonke, Jeroen E.; Krabbenhoft, David P.; Sunderland, Elynor M (Wiley-Blackwell, 2016)
      Elevated biological concentrations of methylmercury (MeHg), a bioaccumulative neurotoxin, are observed throughout the Arctic Ocean, but major sources and degradation pathways in seawater are not well understood. We develop ...
    • Observed decrease in atmospheric mercury explained by global decline in anthropogenic emissions 

      Zhang, Yanxu; Jacob, Daniel James; Horowitz, Hannah Marie; Chen, Long; Amos, Helen Marie; Krabbenhoft, David P.; Slemr, Franz; St. Louis, Vincent L.; Sunderland, Elynor M (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2016)
      Anthropogenic mercury poses risks to humans and ecosystems when converted to methylmercury. A longstanding conundrum has been the apparent disconnect between increasing global emissions trends and measured declines in ...
    • Source Attribution of Poly- and Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) in Surface Waters from Rhode Island and the New York Metropolitan Area 

      Zhang, Xianming; Lohmann, Rainer; Dassuncao, Clifton; Hu, Cindy; Weber, Andrea Kristina; Vecitis, Chad D.; Sunderland, Elynor M (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2016)
      Exposure to poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) has been associated with adverse health effects in humans and wildlife. Understanding pollution sources is essential for environmental regulation, but source attribution ...
    • Toward an improved understanding of the global biogeochemical cycle of mercury 

      Amos, Helen Marie (2014-06-06)
      Mercury (Hg) is a potent neurotoxin, has both natural and anthropogenic sources to the environment, and is globally dispersed. Humans have been using Hg since antiquity and continue its use in large quantities, mobilizing ...