Now showing items 1-20 of 57

    • Accounting for Comorbidity in Assessing the Burden of Epilepsy Among US Adults: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R) 

      Kessler, Ronald; Lane, Michael C.; Shahly, Vicki; Stang, Paul E. (Nature Publishing Group, 2012)
      Although epilepsy is associated with substantial role impairment, it is also highly comorbid with other physical and mental disorders, making unclear the extent to which impairments associated with epilepsy are actually ...
    • The association between smoking and subsequent suicide-related outcomes in the National Comorbidity Survey panel sample 

      Kessler, Ronald; Borges, G; Sampson, Nancy A.; Miller, Matt J.; Nock, Matthew K. (Springer Nature, 2008)
      Controversy exists about whether the repeatedly-documented associations between smoking and subsequent suicide-related outcomes (SROs; ideation, plans, gestures, and attempts) are due to unmeasured common causes or to ...
    • Associations between Lifetime Traumatic Events and Subsequent Chronic Physical Conditions: A Cross-National, Cross-Sectional Study 

      Scott, Kate M.; Koenen, Karestan C.; Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio; Alonso, Jordi; Angermeyer, Matthias C.; Benjet, Corina; Bruffaerts, Ronny; Caldas-de-Almeida, Jose Miguel; de Girolamo, Giovanni; Florescu, Silvia; Iwata, Noboru; Levinson, Daphna; Lim, Carmen C. W.; Murphy, Sam; Ormel, Johan; Posada-Villa, Jose; Kessler, Ronald C. (Public Library of Science, 2013)
      Background: Associations between lifetime traumatic event (LTE) exposures and subsequent physical ill-health are well established but it has remained unclear whether these are explained by PTSD or other mental disorders. ...
    • Associations of Housing Mobility Interventions for Children in High-Poverty Neighborhoods With Subsequent Mental Disorders During Adolescence 

      Kessler, Ronald; Duncan, Greg J.; Gennetian, Lisa A.; Katz, Lawrence F.; Kling, Jeffrey R.; Sampson, Nancy A.; Sanbonmatsu, Lisa; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Ludwig, Jens (American Medical Association (AMA), 2014)
      Importance Youth in high-poverty neighborhoods have high rates of emotional problems. Understanding neighborhood influences on mental health is crucial for designing neighborhood-level interventions. Objective To ...
    • Barriers to Initiating and Continuing Mental Health Treatment Among Soldiers in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) 

      Naifeh, James A.; Colpe, Lisa J.; Aliaga, Pablo A.; Sampson, Nancy A.; Heeringa, Steven G.; Stein, Murray B.; Ursano, Robert J.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Nock, Matthew K.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Kessler, Ronald (AMSUS, 2016)
      U.S. Army soldiers with mental disorders report a variety of barriers to initiating and continuing treatment. Improved understanding of these barriers can help direct mental health services to soldiers in need. A representative ...
    • Clinical reappraisal of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview Screening Scales (CIDI-SC) in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) 

      Kessler, Ronald; Santiago, Patcho N.; Colpe, Lisa J.; Dempsey, Catherine L.; First, Michael B.; Heeringa, Steven G.; Stein, Murray B.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Gruber, Michael; Naifeh, James A.; Nock, Matthew K.; Sampson, Nancy A.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Ursano, Robert J. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2013)
      A clinical reappraisal study was carried out in conjunction with the Army STARRS All-Army Study (AAS) to evaluate concordance of DSM-IV diagnoses based on the Composite International Diagnostic Interview screening scales ...
    • Cross-National Analysis of the Associations among Mental Disorders and Suicidal Behavior: Findings from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys 

      Angermeyer, Matthias; Beautrais, Annette; Borges, Guilherme; Bromet, Evelyn; Bruffaerts, Ronny; de Girolamo, Giovanni; de Graaf, Ron; Florescu, Silvia; Gureje, Oye; Haro, Josep Maria; Hu, Chiyi; Huang, Yueqin; Karam, Elie G.; Kawakami, Norito; Kovess, Viviane; Levinson, Daphna; Posada-Villa, Jose; Sagar, Rajesh; Tomov, Toma; Viana, Maria Carmen; Nock, Matthew K.; Hwang, Irving; Sampson, Nancy A.; Kessler, Ronald; Williams, David R. (Public Library of Science, 2009)
      Background: Suicide is a leading cause of death worldwide. Mental disorders are among the strongest predictors of suicide; however, little is known about which disorders are uniquely predictive of suicidal behavior, the ...
    • Cross-National Analysis of the Associations between Traumatic Events and Suicidal Behavior: Findings from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys 

      Alonso, Jordi; Borges, Guilherme; Bromet, Evelyn; Bruffaerts, Ronny; de Girolamo, Giovanni; Florescu, Silvia; Gureje, Oye; He, Yanling; Kovess-Masfety, Viviane; Levinson, Daphna; Matschinger, Herbert; Mneimneh, Zeina; Nakamura, Yosikazu; Ormel, Johan; Posada-Villa, Jose; Sagar, Rajesh; Scott, Kate M.; Tomov, Toma; Viana, Maria Carmen; Stein, Daniel Brookner; Chiu, Wai Tat; Hwang, Irving; Kessler, Ronald; Sampson, Nancy A.; Williams, David; Nock, Matthew K. (Public Library of Science, 2010)
      Background Community and clinical data have suggested there is an association between trauma exposure and suicidal behavior (i.e., suicide ideation, plans and attempts). However, few studies have assessed which traumas are ...
    • Cross-national prevalence and risk factors for suicidal ideation, plans and attempts 

      Nock, Matthew K.; Borges, G.; Bromet, E. J.; Alonso, Jose Luis; Angermeyer, M.; Beautrais, A.; Bruffaerts, R.; Chiu, Wai Tat; de Girolamo, G.; Gluzman, S.; de Graaf, R.; Gureje, O.; Haro, J. M.; Huang, Y.; Karam, E.; Kessler, Ronald; Lepine, J. P.; Levinson, D.; Medina-Mora, M. E.; Ono, Y.; Posada-Villa, J.; Williams, David (Royal College of Psychiatrists, 2008)
      Background Suicide is a leading cause of death world-wide; however, the prevalence and risk factors for the immediate precursors to suicide: suicidal ideation, plans and attempts, are not well-known, especially in ...
    • Data-Driven Subtypes of Major Depressive Disorder: A Systematic Review 

      van Loo, Hanna Maria; de Jonge, Peter; Romeijn, Jan-Willem; Kessler, Ronald; Schoevers, Robert A (BioMed Central, 2012)
      Background: According to current classification systems, patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) may have very different combinations of symptoms. This symptomatic diversity hinders the progress of research into the ...
    • Days out-of-role due to common physical and mental health problems: Results from the São Paulo Megacity Mental Health Survey, Brazil 

      Andrade, Laura Helena; Baptista, Marcos C; Alonso, Jordi; Petukhova, Maria; Bruffaerts, Ronny; Kessler, Ronald C; Silveira, Camila M; Siu, Erica R; Wang, Yuan-Pang; Viana, Maria Carmen (Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, 2013)
      OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relative importance of common physical and mental disorders with regard to the number of days out-of-role (DOR; number of days for which a person is completely unable to work or carry out ...
    • Design of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) 

      Kessler, Ronald; Colpe, Lisa J.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Gebler, Nancy; Naifeh, James A.; Nock, Matthew K.; Sampson, Nancy A.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Stein, Murray B.; Ursano, Robert J.; Heeringa, Steven G. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2013)
      The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) is a multi-component epidemiological and neurobiological study designed to generate actionable evidence-based recommendations to reduce U.S. Army ...
    • The Epidemiology of Major Depressive Episode in the Iraqi General Population 

      Al-Hamzawi, Ali Obaid; Bruffaerts, Ronny; Bromet, Evelyn J.; AlKhafaji, Abdulzahra Mohammed; Kessler, Ronald C. (Public Library of Science, 2015)
      Objective: To assess the prevalence, symptom severity, functional impairment, and treatment of major depressive episode (MDE) in the Iraqi general population. Methods: The Iraq Mental Health Survey is a nationally ...
    • Exposure to Hurricane-Related Stressors and Mental Illness after Hurricane Katrina 

      Kessler, Ronald; Gruber, Michael; McNally, Richard; Petukhova, Maria; Ursano, Robert J.; King, Lynda A.; King, Daniel W.; Jones, Russell T.; Brewin, Chris R.; Galea, Sandro (American Medical Association, 2006)
      Context: Uncertainty exists about the prevalence, severity, and correlates of mental disorders among people exposed to Hurricane Katrina. Objective: To estimate the prevalence and associations between DSM-IV anxiety-mood ...
    • Field procedures in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) 

      Heeringa, Steven G.; Gebler, Nancy; Colpe, Lisa J.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Hwang, Irving; Kessler, Ronald; Naifeh, James A.; Nock, Matthew K.; Sampson, Nancy A.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Stein, Murray B.; Ursano, Robert J. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2013)
      The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) is a multi-component epidemiological and neurobiological study of unprecedented size and complexity designed to generate actionable evidence-based ...
    • Genome-wide Association Studies of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in 2 Cohorts of US Army Soldiers 

      Stein, Murray B.; Chen, Chia-Yen; Ursano, Robert J.; Cai, Tianxi; Gelernter, Joel; Heeringa, Steven G.; Jain, Sonia; Jensen, Kevin P.; Maihofer, Adam X.; Mitchell, Colter; Nievergelt, Caroline M.; Nock, Matthew K.; Neale, Benjamin Michael; Polimanti, Renato; Ripke, Stephan; Sun, Xiaoying; Thomas, Michael; Wang, Qian; Ware, Erin B.; Borja, Susan; Kessler, Ronald; Smoller, Jordan W; undefined, undefined (American Medical Association (AMA), 2016)
      Importance Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a prevalent, serious public health concern, particularly in the military. The identification of genetic risk factors for PTSD may provide important insights into the ...
    • The impact of lifetime suicidality on academic performance in college freshmen 

      Mortier, Philippe; Demyttenaere, K.; Auerbach, Randy Patrick; Green, J.G.; Kessler, Ronald; Kiekens, G.; Nock, Matthew K.; Bruffaerts, R. (Elsevier BV, 2015)
      Background While suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) among college students are common, the associations between STB and academic performance are not well understood. Methods As part of the World Mental Health ...
    • Lifetime Prevalence of Dsm-Iv Mental Disorders Among New Soldiers in the U.S. Army: Results From the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) 

      Rosellini, Anthony; Heeringa, Steven G.; Stein, Murray B.; Ursano, Robert J.; Chiu, Wai Tat; Colpe, Lisa J.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Gilman, Stephen Edward; Hwang, Irving; Naifeh, James A.; Nock, Matthew K.; Petukhova, Maria; Sampson, Nancy A.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Kessler, Ronald (Wiley-Blackwell, 2014)
      Background The prevalence of 30-day mental disorders with retrospectively-reported early onsets is significantly higher in the U.S. Army than among socio-demographically matched civilians. This difference could reflect ...
    • Lifetime Prevalence of Mental Disorders in Lebanon: First Onset, Treatment, and Exposure to War 

      Dimassi, Hani; Chatterji, Somnath; Karam, Elie G.; Mneimneh, Zeina N.; Fayyad, John A.; Karam, Aimee N.; Nasser, Soumana C.; Kessler, Ronald (Public Library of Science, 2008)
      Background: There are no published data on national lifetime prevalence and treatment of mental disorders in the Arab region. Furthermore, the effect of war on first onset of disorders has not been addressed previously ...
    • The Long-Term Effects of Moving to Opportunity on Adult Health and Economic Self-Sufficiency 

      Sanbonmatsu, Lisa; Marvakov, Jordan; Potter, Nicholas A.; Yang, Fanghua; Adam, Emma; Congdon, William J.; Duncan, Greg J.; Gennetian, Lisa A.; Katz, Lawrence F.; Kling, Jeffrey R.; Kessler, Ronald; Lindau, Stacy Tessler; Ludwig, Jens; McDade, Thomas W. (US Department of Housing and Urban Development, 2012)
      Adults living in high-poverty neighborhoods often fare worse than adults in more advantaged neighborhoods on their physical health, mental health, and economic well-being. Although social scientists have observed this ...