Now showing items 1-20 of 41

    • Analytic Webs Support the Synthesis of Ecological Data Sets 

      Ellison, Aaron M.; Osterweil, Leon; Hadley, Julian L.; Wise, Alexander; Boose, Emery Robert; Clarke, Lori; Foster, David Russell; Hanson, Allen; Jensen, David Michael; Kuzeja, Paul; Riseman, Edward; Schultz, Howard (Ecological Society of America, 2006)
      A wide variety of data sets produced by individual investigators are now synthesized to address ecological questions that span a range of spatial and temporal scales. It is important to facilitate such syntheses so that ...
    • Anthropogenic Ties to Late-Successional Structure and Composition in Four New England Hemlock Stands 

      McLachlan, Jason S.; Foster, David Russell; Menalled, Fabian (Wiley-Blackwell, 2000)
      The pace and magnitude of long-term change in the forests of eastern North America is poorly understood. The current study examines the developmental history of primary Tsuga canadensis stands in central Massachusetts from ...
    • Centennial-scale compound-specific hydrogen isotope record of Pleistocene–Holocene climate transition from southern New England 

      Hou, Juzhi; Huang, Yongsong; Oswald, William Wyatt; Foster, David Russell; Shuman, Bryan (Wiley-Blackwell, 2007)
      Northeastern North America experienced major climate shifts during the Pleistocene –Holocene transition. However, there have been no high-resolution isotopic records of climate change from this region. Here, we present a ...
    • A Climatic Driver for Abrupt Mid-Holocene Vegetation Dynamics and the Hemlock Decline in New England 

      Foster, David Russell; Oswald, William Wyatt; Faison, Edward Kerr; Doughty, Elaine D.; Hansen, Barbara (Ecological Society of America, 2006)
      The mid-Holocene decline of eastern hemlock is widely viewed as the sole prehistorical example of an insect- or pathogen-mediated collapse of a North American tree species and has been extensively studied for insights into ...
    • Conservation of changing landscapes: vegetation, land-use history, and fire on Cape Cod National Seashore 

      Eberhardt, R; Foster, David Russell; Motzkin, G; Hall, Brian (Ecological Society of America, 2003)
      The pervasive impact of historical land use is often underappreciated in the management and restoration of conservation areas and natural resources. We used historical and ecological approaches to determine the relative ...
    • A continuous measure of gross primary production for the conterminous United States derived from MODIS and AmeriFlux data 

      Xiao, Jingfeng; Zhuang, Qianlai; Law, Beverly E.; Chen, Jiquan; Baldocchi, Dennis D.; Cook, David R.; Oren, Ram; Richardson, Andrew; Wharton, Sonia; Ma, Siyan; Martini, Timothy A.; Verma, Shashi B.; Suyker, Andrew E.; Scott, Russell L.; Monson, Russell K.; Litvak, Marcy; Hollinger, David Y.; Sun, Ge; Davis, Kenneth J.; Bolstad, Paul V.; Burns, Sean P.; Curtis, Peter S.; Drake, Bert G.; Falk, Matthias; Fischer, Marc L.; Foster, David Russell; Gu, Lianhong; Hadley, Julian L.; Katul, Gabriel G.; Matamala, Roser; McNulty, Steve; Meyers, Tilden P.; Munger, J. William; Noormets, Asko; Oechel, Walter C.; Paw U, Kyaw Tha; Schmid, Hans Peter; Starr, Gregory; Torn, Margaret S.; Wofsy, Steven Charles (Elsevier BV, 2010)
      The quantification of carbon fluxes between the terrestrial biosphere and the atmosphere is of scientific importance and also relevant to climate-policy making. Eddy covariance flux towers provide continuous measurements ...
    • Controlling Site to Evaluate History: Vegetation Patterns of a New England Sand Plain 

      Motzkin, Glenn; Foster, David Russell; Allen, Arthur; Harrod, Jonathan; Boone, Richard (Wiley-Blackwell, 1996)
      The widespread and long-lasting impact of human activity on natural ecosystems indicates that land-use history must he treated as an integral aspect of ecological study and a critical component of conservation planning. ...
    • Did American Chestnut Really Dominate the Eastern Forest? 

      Faison, Edward Kerr; Foster, David Russell (2014)
    • Dynamics of Long-lived Foundation Species: The History of Quercus in Southern Scandinavia 

      Lindbladh, Matts; Foster, David Russell (Wiley-Blackwell, 2010)
      (1) The long-term history of Quercus in southern Scandinavia has received little attention despite its important role in modern conservation. In this study the 4000-year dynamics of Quercus, its habitat and other important ...
    • The Dynamics of Sphagnum in Forest and Peatland Communities in Southeastern Labrador, Canada 

      Foster, David Russell (1984)
      T. Long fire rotation, high levels of precipitation, and acidic nature of the bedrock are factors contributing to the dominance of Sphagnum in many upland and peatland communities in southeastern Labrador. Vegetation ...
    • Early Holocene Openlands in Southern New England 

      Faison, Edward Kerr; Foster, David Russell; Oswald, William Wyatt; Doughty, Elaine D.; Hansen, B (Ecological Society of America, 2006)
      The pre-historical vegetation structure in temperate forest regions is much debated among European and North American ecologists and conservationists. Frans Vera’s recent hypothesis that large mammals created mosaics of ...
    • Experimentally Testing the Role of Foundation Species in Forests: The Harvard Forest Hemlock Removal Experiment 

      Ellison, Aaron M.; Barker-Plotkin, Audrey A.; Foster, David Russell; Orwig, David A. (British Ecological Society, 2010)
      1. Problem statement– Foundation species define and structure ecological systems. In forests around the world, foundation tree species are declining due to overexploitation, pests and pathogens. Eastern hemlock (Tsuga ...
    • Forest Response to Catastrophic Wind: Results from an Experimental Hurricane 

      Cooper-Ellis, Sarah; Foster, David Russell; Carlton, Gary; Lezberg, Ann (Wiley-Blackwell, 1999)
      Infrequent, intense wind disturbance is an important factor in northeastern U.S. forests, yet little is known about the early stages of vegetation reorganization, or the processes that facilitate biotic regulation of ...
    • Forest Response to Chronic Hurricane Disturbance in Coastal New England 

      Busby, Posy E.; Canham, Charles D.; Motzkin, Glen; Foster, David Russell (Opulus Press, 2009)
      Question: Hurricanes and cyclones cause a wide range of damage to coastal forests worldwide. Most of these storms are not catastrophic in ecological terms, but forest responses to storms of moderate intensities are poorly ...
    • A foundation tree at the precipice: Tsuga canadensis health after the arrival of Adelges tsugae in central New England 

      Orwig, David Alan; Thompson, Jonathan R.; Povak, Nicholas; Manner, Megan; Niebyl, Donald; Foster, David Russell (Wiley-Blackwell, 2012)
      Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) plays a unique role in Eastern forests, producing distinctive biogeochemical, habitat, and microclimatic conditions and yet has begun a potentially irreversible decline due to the invasive hemlock ...
    • Four Centuries of Change in Northeastern United States Forests 

      Thompson, Jonathan R.; Carpenter, Dunbar N.; Cogbill, Charles V.; Foster, David R. (Public Library of Science, 2013)
      The northeastern United States is a predominately-forested region that, like most of the eastern U.S., has undergone a 400-year history of intense logging, land clearance for agriculture, and natural reforestation. This ...
    • Human or Natural Disturbance: Landscape-Scale Dynamics of the Tropical Forests of Puerto Rico 

      Foster, David Russell; Fluet, M.; Boose, E. R. (Wiley-Blackwell, 1999)
      Increasingly, ecologists are recognizing that human disturbance has played an important role in tropical forest history and that many assumptions concerning the relative importance of natural processes warrant re-examination. ...
    • Hurricane Impacts to Tropical and Temperate Forest Landscapes 

      Boose, Emery Robert; Foster, David Russell; Fluet, Marcheterre (Wiley-Blackwell, 1994)
      Hurricanes represent an important natural disturbance process to tropical and temperate forests in many coastal areas of the world. The complex patterns of damage created in forests by hurricane winds result from the ...
    • The influence of land use and climate change on forest biomass and composition in Massachusetts, USA 

      Thompson, Jonathan R.; Foster, David Russell; Scheller, Robert M; Kittredge, David B. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011)
      Land use and climate change have complex and interacting effects on naturally dynamic forest landscapes. To anticipate and adapt to these changes, it is necessary to understand their individual and aggregate impacts on ...
    • Land conservation in northern New England: Historic trends and alternative conservation futures 

      Meyer, Spencer R.; Cronan, Christopher S.; Lilieholm, Robert J.; Johnson, Michelle L.; Foster, David Russell (Elsevier BV, 2014)
      Protected areas (PAs) are an important component of the global conservation strategy and understanding the past drivers of land protection can inform future conservation planning. Socioeconomic and policy drivers of ...