Now showing items 1-12 of 12

    • Accuracy of administrative data for surveillance of healthcare-associated infections: a systematic review 

      van Mourik, Maaike S M; van Duijn, Pleun Joppe; Moons, Karel G M; Bonten, Marc J M; Lee, Grace M (BMJ Publishing Group, 2015)
      Objective: Measuring the incidence of healthcare-associated infections (HAI) is of increasing importance in current healthcare delivery systems. Administrative data algorithms, including (combinations of) diagnosis codes, ...
    • Diagnosing sepsis is subjective and highly variable: a survey of intensivists using case vignettes 

      Rhee, Chanu; Kadri, Sameer S.; Danner, Robert L.; Suffredini, Anthony F.; Massaro, Anthony F.; Kitch, Barrett T.; Lee, Grace; Klompas, Michael (BioMed Central, 2016)
      Background: Sepsis is the focus of national quality improvement programs and a recent public reporting measure from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. However, diagnosing sepsis requires interpreting nonspecific ...
    • Effect of Nonpayment for Preventable Infections in U.S. Hospitals 

      Lee, Grace M.; Kleinman, Kenneth Paul; Soumerai, Stephen Bertram; Tse, Alison; Cole, David; Fridkin, Scott K.; Horan, Teresa; Platt, Richard; Gay, Charlene; Kassler, William; Goldmann, Donald Alan; Jernigan, John; Jha, Ashish Kumar (New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM/MMS), 2012)
      Background In October 2008, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) discontinued additional payments for certain hospital-acquired conditions that were deemed preventable. The effect of this policy on rates ...
    • Guillain-Barré Syndrome, Influenza Vaccination, and Antecedent Respiratory and Gastrointestinal Infections: A Case-Centered Analysis in the Vaccine Safety Datalink, 2009–2011 

      Greene, Sharon K.; Rett, Melisa D.; Vellozzi, Claudia; Li, Lingling; Kulldorff, Martin; Marcy, S. Michael; Daley, Matthew F.; Belongia, Edward A.; Baxter, Roger; Fireman, Bruce H.; Jackson, Michael L.; Omer, Saad B.; Nordin, James D.; Jin, Robert; Weintraub, Eric S.; Vijayadeva, Vinutha; Lee, Grace M. (Public Library of Science, 2013)
      Background: Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) can be triggered by gastrointestinal or respiratory infections, including influenza. During the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic in the United States, monovalent inactivated influenza ...
    • Health and Economic Burden of Post-Partum Staphylococcus aureus Breast Abscess 

      Branch-Elliman, Westyn; Lee, Grace M.; Golen, Toni H.; Gold, Howard S.; Baldini, Linda M.; Wright, Sharon B. (Public Library of Science, 2013)
      Objectives: To determine the health and economic burdens of post-partum Staphylococcus aureus breast abscess. Study design We conducted a matched cohort study (N = 216) in a population of pregnant women (N = 32,770) who ...
    • Impact of Medicare's Payment Policy on Mediastinitis Following Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery in US Hospitals 

      Calderwood, Michael Simmons; Kleinman, Kenneth Paul; Soumerai, Stephen Bertram; Jin, Robert; Gay, Charlene; Piatt, Richard; Kassler, William; Goldmann, Donald Alan; Jha, Ashish Kumar; Lee, Grace M. (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2014)
      The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) implemented a policy in October 2008 to eliminate additional Medicare payment for mediastinitis following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. To evaluate the ...
    • Impact of Medicare’s Hospital-Acquired Condition Policy on Infections in Safety Net and Non–Safety Net Hospitals 

      Vaz, Louise Elaine; Kleinman, Kenneth Paul; Kawai, Alison Tse; Jin, Robert; Kassler, William J.; Grant, Patricia S.; Rett, Melisa; Goldmann, Donald Alan; Calderwood, Michael Simmons; Soumerai, Stephen Bertram; Lee, Grace M. (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2015)
      Policymakers may wish to align healthcare payment and quality of care while minimizing unintended consequences, particularly for safety net hospitals. To determine whether the 2008 Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services ...
    • Ongoing Attention to Injurious Inpatient Falls and Pressure Ulcers 

      Lee, Grace M.; Soumerai, Stephen Bertram (American Medical Association (AMA), 2015)
      To the Editor We read with interest the article by Waters et al1 because we believe it is vital to evaluate whether the actual effect of payment policies matches their intended effect. The authors contribute unique information ...
    • Population genomics of post-vaccine changes in pneumococcal epidemiology 

      Croucher, Nicholas J.; Finkelstein, Jonathan A.; Pelton, Stephen I.; Mitchell, Patrick K.; Lee, Grace M.; Parkhill, Julian; Bentley, Stephen D.; Hanage, William P.; Lipsitch, Marc (2013)
      Whole genome sequencing of 616 asymptomatically carried pneumococci was used to study the impact of the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. Comparison of closely related isolates revealed the role of transformation ...
    • Prospective influenza vaccine safety surveillance using fresh data in the Sentinel System† 

      Yih, Weiling Katherine; Kulldorff, Martin; Sandhu, Sukhminder K.; Zichittella, Lauren; Maro, Judith C.; Cole, David V.; Jin, Robert; Kawai, Alison Tse; Baker, Meghan A.; Liu, Chunfu; McMahill‐Walraven, Cheryl N.; Selvan, Mano S.; Platt, Richard; Nguyen, Michael D.; Lee, Grace M. (John Wiley and Sons Inc., 2015)
      Abstract Purpose To develop the infrastructure to conduct timely active surveillance for safety of influenza vaccines and other medical countermeasures in the Sentinel System (formerly the Mini‐Sentinel Pilot), a Food and ...
    • Responding to Vaccine Safety Signals during Pandemic Influenza: A Modeling Study 

      Maro, Judith C.; Fryback, Dennis G.; Lieu, Tracy A.; Lee, Grace M.; Martin, David B. (Public Library of Science, 2014)
      Background: Managing emerging vaccine safety signals during an influenza pandemic is challenging. Federal regulators must balance vaccine risks against benefits while maintaining public confidence in the public health ...
    • Stability of the pneumococcal population structure in Massachusetts as PCV13 was introduced 

      Chang, Qiuzhi; Stevenson, Abbie E; Croucher, Nicholas J; Lee, Grace M; Pelton, Stephen I; Lipsitch, Marc; Finkelstein, Jonathan A; Hanage, William P (BioMed Central, 2015)
      Background: The success of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccination (PCV-7) introduced to the US childhood immunization schedule in 2000 was partially offset by increases in invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) and ...