Now showing items 1-16 of 16

    • Anticipating One's Troubles: The Costs and Benefits of Negative Expectations 

      Golub, Sarit A.; Gilbert, Daniel; Wilson, Timothy D. (American Psychological Association, 2009)
      Although negative expectations may have the benefit of softening the blow when a negative event occurs, they also have the cost of making people feel worse while they are waiting for that event to happen. Three studies ...
    • Buried by bad decisions 

      Gilbert, Daniel Todd (Springer Nature, 2011)
    • Consuming experience: Why affective forecasters overestimate comparative value 

      Morewedge, Carey K.; Gilbert, Daniel Todd; Myrseth, Kristian Ove R.; Kassam, Karim; Wilson, Timothy D. (Elsevier BV, 2010)
      The hedonic value of an outcome can be influenced by the alternatives to which it is compared, which is why people expect to be happier with outcomes that maximize comparative value (e.g., the best of several mediocre ...
    • Do Yourself a Favor: We Help Our Future Selves for the Same Reasons We Help Others 

      Burum, Bethany Anne (2014-06-06)
      As humans we have a remarkable capacity to sacrifice for the future, and an equally remarkable capacity to shortchange it, leaving our future selves to pay the price. The research in this dissertation suggests that sacrifice ...
    • Essays on Ethics: Antecedents and Consequences 

      Shu, Lisa (2013-02-11)
      Does memory conspire with morality? Essay 1 details evidence from four experiments demonstrating that dishonest behavior impairs memory for moral rules. After engaging in cheating behavior, individuals dispel conscience ...
    • Explaining Away A Model of Affective Adaptation 

      Wilson, Timothy D.; Gilbert, Daniel (Blackwell Publishing, 2008)
      We propose a model of affective adaptation, the processes whereby affective responses weaken after one or more exposures to emotional events. Drawing on previous research, our approach, represented by the acronym AREA, ...
    • The Feeling of Uncertainty Intensifies Affective Reactions 

      Bar-Anan, Yoav; Wilson, Timothy D.; Gilbert, Daniel (American Psychological Association, 2009)
      Uncertainty has been defined as a lack of information about an event and has been characterized as an aversive state that people are motivated to reduce. The authors propose an uncertainty intensification hypothesis, whereby ...
    • Forecasting and Backcasting: Predicting the Impact of Events on the Future 

      Ebert, Jane E. J.; Gilbert, Daniel Todd; Wilson, Timothy D. (University of Chicago Press, 2009)
      In many choices they make—-for example, choosing between a movie and a play or deciding whether to attend a sports game shortly before a birthday party—-consumers are guided by how they expect an event will make them feel. ...
    • Happiness from the Bottom Up 

      Killingsworth, Matthew (2013-02-15)
      This dissertation presents three papers organized around a central theme: understanding happiness from the bottom up, in the context of everyday life. The first paper asks whether, in the course of daily activities, people ...
    • "He Loves Me, He Loves Me Not . . . ": Uncertainty Can Increase Romantic Attraction 

      Whitchurch, E. R.; Wilson, T. D.; Gilbert, Daniel Todd (SAGE Publications, 2010)
      This research qualifies a social psychological truism: that people like others who like them (the reciprocity principle). College women viewed the Facebook profiles of four male students who had previously seen their ...
    • Medial Prefrontal Cortex Predicts Intertemporal Choice 

      Mitchell, Jason Paul; Schirmer, Jessica; Ames, Daniel L.; Gilbert, Daniel Todd (MIT Press - Journals, 2011)
      People often make shortsighted decisions to receive small benefits in the present rather than large benefits in the future, that is, to favor their current selves over their future selves. In two studies using fMRI, we ...
    • Miswanting: Some Problems in the Forecasting of Future Affective States 

      Gilbert, Daniel Todd; Wilson, Timothy D. (Cambridge University Press, 2000)
    • The Surprising Power of Neighborly Advice 

      Gilbert, Daniel; Killingsworth, Matthew; Eyre, Rebecca N.; Wilson, Timothy D. (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2009)
      Two experiments revealed that (i) people can more accurately predict their affective reactions to a future event when they know how a neighbor in their social network reacted to the event than when they know about the event ...
    • A Wandering Mind Is an Unhappy Mind 

      Killingsworth, Matthew A; Gilbert, Daniel Todd (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2010)
      We developed a smartphone technology to sample people’s ongoing thoughts, feelings, and actions and found (i) that people are thinking about what is not happening almost as often as they are thinking about what is and (ii) ...
    • Why the Brain Talks to Itself: Sources of Error in Emotional Prediction 

      Gilbert, Daniel; Wilson, Timothy D. (The Royal Society, 2009)
      People typically choose pleasure over pain. But how do they know which of these their choices will entail? The brain generates mental simulations (previews) of future events, which produce affective reactions (premotions), ...
    • Winners Love Winning and Losers Love Money 

      Kassam, Karim; Morewedge, Carey K.; Gilbert, Daniel Todd; Wilson, Timothy D. (SAGE Publications, 2011)
      Salience and satisfaction are important factors in determining the comparisons that people make. We hypothesized that people make salient comparisons first, and then make satisfying comparisons only if salient comparisons ...