Now showing items 1-20 of 46

    • Being Special: The Rise of Super Clubs in European Football 

      Andrews, Matthew (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2015-01)
      Professional football clubs are ubiquitous in Europe. Every small to medium sized city has one. But most cities do not have an F.C. Barcelona or Bayern Munich or Manchester United. These are among the ‘super clubs’ of ...
    • The Big Stuck in State Capability for Policy Implementation 

      Andrews, Matthew; Pritchett, Lant; Woolcock, Michael (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2016-01)
      We divide the 102 historically developing countries (HDCs) into those with ‘very weak’, ‘weak’, ‘middle’, and ‘strong’ state capability. Analyzing the levels and recent growth rates of the HDCs’ capability for policy ...
    • Bringing Home the Gold? A Review of the Economic Impact of Hosting Mega-Events 

      Barrios, Douglas; Russell, Stuart; Andrews, Matthew (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2016-07)
      There is perhaps no larger sports policy decision than the decision to host or bid to host a mega-event like the FIFA World Cup or the Summer Olympics. Hosts and bidders usually justify their decisions by touting their ...
    • Can Africa Compete in World Soccer? 

      Andrews, Matthew (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2022-01)
      March 2021, the Confederation of African Football’s President, Patrice Motsepe, insisted that “An African team must win the World Cup in the near future.” This visionary statement is infused with hope—not just for an African ...
    • Can one retell a Mozambican reform story through Problem Driven Iterative Adaptation? 

      Andrews, Matthew (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2014-02)
      Many public sector reforms in developing countries fail to make governments more functional. This is typically because reforms introduce new solutions that do not fit the contexts in which they are being placed. This ...
    • The Challenge of Building (Real) State Capability 

      Andrews, Matthew; Pritchett, Lant; Woolcock, Michael (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2015-12)
      Efforts to build state capability often take the form of commonly used, highly designed and engineered best practice solutions that have worked in many other places and that we suspect (and hope) will work again in many ...
    • Development as Leadership-led Change 

      Andrews, Matthew R.; McConnell, Jesse; Wescott, Alison (John F. Kennedy School of Government, 2010)
      Development involves change, but many development initiatives produce unimpressive results. The authors ask why and consider how to close the gap between the intended change and what we actually see in the evidence. This ...
    • Development as Leadership-led Change 

      Andrews, Matthew; McConnell, Jesse; Wescott, Alison (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2010-10)
      Development involves change, but many development initiatives produce unimpressive results. The authors ask why and consider how to close the gap between the intended change and what we actually see in the evidence. This ...
    • Do international organizations really shape government solutions in developing countries? 

      Andrews, Matthew (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2013-08)
      International organizations like the International Monetary Fund and World Bank have been supporting reform initiatives in developing country governments since at least the 1980s. Various authors have criticized this ...
    • Doing Iterative and Adaptive Work 

      Andrews, Matthew; Pritchett, Lant; Woolcock, Michael (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2016-01)
      Many of the challenges in international development are complex in nature. They involve many actors in uncertain contexts and with unclear solutions. Our work has proposed an approach to addressing such challenges, called ...
    • Doing Problem Driven Work 

      Andrews, Matthew; Pritchett, Lant; Woolcock, Michael (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2015-12)
      We often observe that more successful efforts to establish complex state capabilities are problem driven; focused relentlessly on solving a specific, attention-grabbing problem. This is the first principle of Problem Driven ...
    • An Ends-Means Approach to Looking at Governance 

      Andrews, Matthew (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2014-04)
      This paper synthesizes the approach I take to looking at governance in nations states. The approach emphasizes ends as the starting point for any view of governance. (Asking about what governments do rather than how they ...
    • Escaping Capability Traps through Problem Driven Iterative Adaptation (PDIA) 

      Andrews, Matthew; Pritchett, Lant; Woolcock, Michael (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2012-06)
      Many reform initiatives in developing countries fail to achieve sustained improvements in performance because they are merely isomorphic mimicry—that is, governments and organizations pretend to reform by changing what ...
    • Escaping Capability Traps through Problem-Driven Iterative Adaptation (PDIA) 

      Andrews, Matthew R.; Pritchett, Lant; Woolcock, Michael J. (John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 2012)
      Many reform initiatives in developing countries fail to achieve sustained improvements in performance because they are merely isomorphic mimicry—that is, governments and organizations pretend to reform by changing what ...
    • Explaining positive deviance in public sector reforms in development 

      Andrews, Matthew (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2013-10)
      Public sector reforms are commonplace in developing countries. Much of the literature about these reforms reflects on their failures. This paper asks about the successes and investigates which of two competing theories ...
    • Getting Real about Unknowns in Complex Policy Work 

      Andrews, Matthew (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2022-02)
      As with all public policy work, education policies are demanding. Policy workers need to ‘know’ a lot—about the problems they are addressing, the people who need to be engaged, the promises they can make in response, the ...
    • Getting the Ball Rolling: Basis for Assessing the Sports Economy 

      Russell, Stuart; Barrios, Douglas; Andrews, Matthew (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2016-07)
      Data on the sports economy is often difficult to interpret, far from transparent, or simply unavailable. Data fraught with weaknesses causes observers of the sports economy to account for the sector differently, rendering ...
    • Going beyond heroic-leaders in development 

      Andrews, Matthew (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2013-06)
      Leadership is an under-studied topic in the international development literature. When the topic is broached it is usually in support of what might be called a "hero orthodoxy:" One or other individual is identified as the ...
    • Governance and the Challenge of Development Through Sports: A Framework for Action 

      Andrews, Matthew; Russell, Stuart; Barrios, Douglas (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2016-07)
      Previous papers such as Russell, Barrios & Andrews (2016), Guerra (2016), and Russell, Tokman, Barrios & Andrews (2016) have aimed to provide an empirical view into the sports economy. This proves to be a difficult task, ...
    • Governance Indicators Can Make Sense: Under-five Mortality Rates are an Example 

      Andrews, Matthew R.; Hay, Roger; Myers, Jerrett (John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 2010)
      Governance indicators have come under fire in recent years, especially the World Governance Indicators (WGIs). Critics present these indicators as a-theoretical and biased. Critics of the critics counter that no better ...