Now showing items 1-20 of 31

    • Agglomeration and Innovation 

      Carlino, Gerald; Kerr, William Robert (2014-11-07)
      This chapter reviews academic research on the connections between agglomeration and innovation. We first describe the conceptual distinctions between invention and innovation. We then describe how these factors are frequently ...
    • Agglomerative Forces and Cluster Shapes 

      Kerr, William Robert; Kominers, Scott Duke (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press (MIT Press), 2014-10-28)
      We model spatial clusters of similar firms. Our model highlights how agglomerative forces lead to localized, individual connections among firms, while interaction costs generate a defined distance over which attraction ...
    • Clusters of Entrepreneurship and Innovation 

      Chatterji, Aaron; Glaeser, Edward Ludwig; Kerr, William Robert (2013-05-21)
      This paper reviews recent academic work on the spatial concentration of entrepreneurship and innovation in the United States. We discuss rationales for the agglomeration of these activities and the economic consequences ...
    • Diasporas and Outsourcing: Evidence from oDesk and India 

      Ghani, Ejaz; Kerr, William Robert; Stanton, Christopher Thomas (INFORMS, 2013-10-07)
      This study examines the role of the Indian diaspora in the outsourcing of work to India. Our data are taken from oDesk, the world's largest online platform for outsourced contracts, where India is the largest country in ...
    • Digital Labor Markets and Global Talent Flows 

      Horton, John; Kerr, William Robert; Stanton, Christopher Thomas (2017-06-28)
      Digital labor markets are rapidly expanding and connecting companies and contractors on a global basis. We review the environment in which these markets take root, the micro- and macro-level studies of their operations, ...
    • The Dynamics of Firm Lobbying 

      Kerr, William Robert; Lincoln, William F.; Mishra, Prachi (American Economic Association, 2014-05-13)
      We study the determinants of the dynamics of firm lobbying behavior using a panel data set covering 1998–2006. Our data exhibit three striking facts: (i) few firms lobby, (ii) lobbying status is strongly associated with ...
    • Entrepreneurship and Urban Growth: An Empirical Assessment with Historical Mines 

      Glaeser, Edward Ludwig; Kerr, Sari Pekkala; Kerr, William Robert (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press (MIT Press), 2014-05-13)
      Measures of entrepreneurship, such as average establishment size and the prevalence of start-ups, correlate strongly with employment growth across and within metropolitan areas, but the endogeneity of these measures bedevils ...
    • Entrepreneurship as Experimentation 

      Kerr, William Robert; Nanda, Ramana; Rhodes-Kropf, Matthew (American Economic Association, 2014)
      Entrepreneurship research is on the rise, but many questions about its fundamental nature still exist. We argue that entrepreneurship is about experimentation: the probabilities of success are low, extremely skewed, and ...
    • Ethnic Innovation and U.S. Multinational Firm Activity 

      Foley, C. Fritz; Kerr, William Robert (Informs, 2012-12-07)
      This paper studies the impact that immigrant innovators have on the global activities of U.S. firms by analyzing detailed data on patent applications and on the operations of the foreign affiliates of U.S. multinational ...
    • Financing Innovation 

      Kerr, William Robert; Nanda, Ramana (2014-12-08)
      We review the recent literature on the financing of innovation, inclusive of large companies and new startups. This research strand has been very active over the past five years, generating important new findings, questioning ...
    • From Russia with love: the impact of relocated firms on incumbent survival 

      Falck, Oliver; Guenther, Christina; Heblich, Stephan; Kerr, William Robert (Oxford, 2012-11-30)
      We identify the impact of local firm concentration on incumbent performance with a quasi-natural experiment. When Germany was divided after World War II, many firms in the machine tool industry fled the Soviet occupied ...
    • Heterogeneous Technology Diffusion and Ricardian Trade Patterns 

      Kerr, William Robert (2014-01-27)
      This study tests the importance of Ricardian technology differences for international trade. The empirical analysis has three comparative advantages: including emerging and advanced economies, isolating panel variation ...
    • High-Skilled Migration and Agglomeration 

      Kerr, Sari Pekkala; Kerr, William Robert; Özden, Çağlar; Parsons, Christopher (Annual Reviews, 2017-04-04)
      This paper reviews recent research regarding high-skilled migration. We adopt a data-driven perspective, bringing together and describing several ongoing research streams that range from the construction of global migration ...
    • Highway to Success: The Impact of the Golden Quadrilateral Project for the Location and Performance of Indian Manufacturing 

      Ghani, Ejaz; Goswami, Arti Grover; Kerr, William Robert (Wiley-Blackwell, 2014-10-24)
      We investigate the impact of the Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) highway project on the Indian organized manufacturing sector using enterprise data. The GQ project upgraded the quality and width of 5,846 km of roads in India. ...
    • Highway to Success: The Impact of the Golden Quadrilateral Project for the Location and Performance of Indian Manufacturing 

      Ghani, Ejaz; Goswami, Arti Grover; Kerr, William Robert (2013-01-23)
      We investigate the impact of the Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) highway project on the Indian organized manufacturing sector using enterprise data. The GQ project upgraded the quality and width of 5,846 km of roads in India. ...
    • Immigrant Entrepreneurship 

      Kerr, Sari Pekkala; Kerr, William Robert (2016-08-22)
      We examine immigrant entrepreneurship and the survival and growth of immigrant-founded businesses over time relative to native-founded companies. Our work quanti.es immigrant contributions to new firm creation in a wide ...
    • Immigration and Employer Transitions for STEM Workers 

      Kerr, Sari Pekkala; Kerr, William Robert (2013-05-31)
      We analyze the career trajectories of STEM workers and firm-level hiring of immigrants using the Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) database of the US Census Bureau. We find STEM career adjustments during ...
    • Income Inequality and Social Preferences for Redistribution and Compensation Differentials 

      Kerr, William Robert (Elsevier, 2014-07-18)
      In cross-sectional studies, countries with greater income inequality typically exhibit less support for government-led redistribution and greater acceptance of wage inequality (e.g., United States versus Western Europe). ...
    • Innovation, Reallocation and Growth 

      Acemoglu, Daron; Akcigit, Ufuk; Bloom, Nicholas; Kerr, William Robert (2013-05-21)
      We build a model of firm-level innovation, productivity growth and reallocation featuring endogenous entry and exit. A key feature is the selection between high- and low-type firms, which differ in terms of their innovative ...
    • Labor Regulations and European Venture Capital 

      Bozkaya, Ant; Kerr, William Robert (2013-05-31)
      European nations substitute between employment protection regulations and labor market expenditures (e.g., unemployment insurance benefits) for providing worker insurance. Employment regulations more directly tax firms ...