Browsing by Author "Star, Jon"
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Algebraic Functions, Computer Programming, and the Challenge of Transfer
Schanzer, Emmanuel Tanenbaum (20150517)Students' struggles with algebra are well documented. Prior to the introduction of functions, mathematics is typically focused on applying a set of arithmetic operations to compute an answer. The introduction of functions, ... 
Assisting students struggling with mathematics: Response to intervention (RtI) for elementary and middle schools.
Gersten, Russell; Beckmann, Sybilla; Clarke, Benjamin; Foegen, Anne; Marsh, Laurel; Star, Jon R; Witzel, Bradley (2009)Taking early action may be key to helping students struggling with mathematics. The eight recommendations in this guide are designed to help teachers, principals, and administrators use Response to Intervention for the ... 
Compared to what? The effects of different comparisons on conceptual knowledge and procedural flexibility for equation solving
RittleJohnson, Bethany; Star, Jon R (2009)Researchers in both cognitive science and mathematics education emphasize the importance of comparison for learning and transfer. However, surprisingly little is known about the advantages and disadvantages of what types ... 
Comparing pays off!
Star, Jon R; Kenyon, Martina; Joiner, Rebecca; RittleJohnson, Bethany (2010) 
Comparison helps students learn to be better estimators
Star, Jon R; Kenyon, Martina; Joiner, Rebecca; RittleJohnson, Bethany (2010)This article describes a recent research study that examined the effectiveness of comparison on students’ learning of strategies and concepts for computational estimation. 
Effectiveness of SchemaBased Instruction for Improving SeventhGrade Students’ Proportional Reasoning: A Randomized Experiment
Jitendra, Asha K.; Star, Jon R; Dupuis, Danielle N.; Rodriguez, Michael C. (2012)This study examined the effect of schemabased instruction (SBI) on seventhgrade students’ mathematical problem solving performance. SBI is an instructional intervention that emphasizes the role of mathematical structure ... 
Encouraging girls in math and science
Halpern, Diane F.; Aronson, Joshua; Reimer, Nona; Simpkins, Sandra; Star, Jon R; Wentzel, Kathryn (2007)The objective of this guide is to provide teachers with specific recommendations that can be carried out in the classroom without requiring systemic change. Other school personnel having direct contact with students, such ... 
Evaluating TechnologyBased Strategies for Enhancing Motivation in Mathematics
Star, Jon Robert; Chen, Jason A.; Taylor, Megan W.; Durkin, Kelley; Dede, Christopher J.; Chao, Theodore (20141001)Background, context, and purpose of study: During the middle school years, students frequently show significant declines in motivation toward school in general and mathematics in particular. One way in which researchers ... 
An exploratory study contrasting high and lowability students' word problem solving: The role of schemabased instruction.
Jitendra, Asha K.; Star, Jon R (2012)This study evaluated whether schemabased instruction (SBI), a promising method for teaching students to represent and solve mathematical word problems, impacted the learning of percent word problems. Of particular interest ... 
Exploring Teachers’ Implementation of Comparison in Algebra I
Lynch, Kathleen Helen; Star, Jon Robert (2014)Discussions where teachers engage students in the comparison of multiple solution strategies to a single problem have been recommended in curriculum policy documents, yet integrating these discussions into teachers' normative ... 
Implicit Learning: Development, Individual Differences, and Educational Implications
Kalra, Priya (20150310)This dissertation attempts to link models from cognitive neuroscience with problems and models from education research as well as to advance our understanding of implicit learning. In addition to a review of the current ... 
Improving Seventh Grade Students' Learning of Ratio and Proportion: The Role of SchemaBased Instruction
Jitendra, Asha K.; Star, Jon R; Starosta, Kristin; Leh, Jayne M.; Sood, Sheetal; Caskie, Grace; Hughes, Cheyenne L.; Mack, Toshi R. (2009)The present study evaluated the effectiveness of an instructional intervention (schemabased instruction, SBI) that was designed to meet the diverse needs of middle school students by addressing the research literatures ... 
Improving Students' Proportional Thinking Using SchemaBased Instruction
Jitendra, Asha K.; Star, Jon R; Rodriguez, Michael; Lindell, Mary; Someki, Fumio (2011)This study investigated the effectiveness of an instructional program (schemabased instruction, SBI) designed to teach 7th graders how to comprehend and solve proportion problems involving ratios/rates, scale drawings, ... 
It pays to compare: An experimental study on computational estimation
Star, Jon R; RittleJohnson, Bethany (2009)Comparing and contrasting examples is a core cognitive process that supports learning in children and adults across a variety of topics. In this experimental study, we evaluated the benefits of supporting comparison in a ... 
Learning from Comparison in Algebra
Star, Jon Robert; Pollack, Courtney Morgan; Durkin, Kelley; RittleJohnson, Bethany; Lynch, Kathleen Helen; Newton, Kristie; Gogolen, Claire Caldwell (20140428)Mastery of algebra is an important yet difficult milestone for students, suggesting the need for more effective teaching strategies in the algebra classroom. Learning by comparing workedout examples of algebra problems ... 
Making algebra work: Instructional strategies that deepen student understanding, within and between representations
Star, Jon R; RittleJohnson, Bethany (2009) 
Meeting the Needs of Students with Learning Disabilities in Inclusive Mathematics Classrooms: The Role of SchemaBased Instruction on Mathematical ProblemSolving
Jitendra, Asha K.; Star, Jon R (2011)In this article, we discuss schemabased instruction (SBI) as an alternative to traditional instruction for enhancing the mathematical problem solving performance of students with learning disabilities (LD). In our most ... 
Model breaking points conceptualized
Vig, Rozy Brar; Murray, Eileen Christina; Star, Jon R (Springer Verlag, 2014)Current curriculum initiatives (e.g. National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers, 2010) advocate that models be used in the mathematics classroom. However, despite their ... 
More Than Just Symbols: Mental and Neural Representations Related to Symbolic Number Processing in Mathematics
Pollack, Courtney (20160517)The ability for students to understand numbers and other mathematical symbols is a crucial part of success in mathematics. Accordingly, it is important for researchers to understand the nature of symbolic number processing ... 
The nature and development of experts' strategy flexibility for solving equations
Star, Jon R; Newton, Kristie J. (2009)Largely absent from the emerging literature on flexibility is a consideration of experts' flexibility. Do experts exhibit strategy flexibility, as one might assume? If so, how do experts perceive that this capacity developed ...