Now showing items 1-17 of 17

    • A Cognitive Neuroscience of Social Groups 

      Contreras, Juan Manuel (2013-09-30)
      We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate how the human brain processes information about social groups in three domains. Study 1: Semantic knowledge. Participants were scanned while they answered ...
    • Common Brain Regions with Distinct Patterns of Neural Responses during Mentalizing about Groups and Individuals 

      Contreras, Juan; Schirmer, Jessica; Banaji, Mahzarin R.; Mitchell, Jason Paul (MIT Press - Journals, 2013)
      An individual has a mind; a group does not. Yet humans routinely endow groups with mental states irreducible to any of their members (e.g., “scientists hope to understand every aspect of nature”). But are these mental ...
    • Dissociable Neural Correlates of Stereotypes and Other Forms of Semantic Knowledge 

      Contreras, Juan; Banaji, Mahzarin R.; Mitchell, Jason Paul (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2011)
      Semantic knowledge refers to the information that people have about categories of objects and living things. Social psychologists have long debated whether the information that perceivers have about categories of people - ...
    • Dissociable Neural Substrates for Agentic versus Conceptual Representations of Self 

      Powell, Lindsey Jane; Macrae, C. Neil; Cloutier, Jasmin; Metcalfe, Janet; Mitchell, Jason Paul (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2010)
      Although humans generally experience a coherent sense of selfhood, we can, nevertheless, articulate different aspects of self. Recent research has demonstrated that one such aspect of self—conceptual knowledge of one's own ...
    • Encoding-Specific Effects of Social Cognition on the Neural Correlates of Subsequent Memory 

      Mitchell, Jason Paul; Macrae, C. Neil; Banaji, Mahzarin R. (Society for Neuroscience, 2004)
      To examine whether social cognition recruits distinct mental operations, we measured brain activity during social (“form an impression of this person”) and relatively nonsocial (“remember the order in which person information ...
    • Exploring the Neural Correlates of Social Stereotyping 

      Quadflieg, Susanne; Turk, David J.; Waiter, Gordon D.; Mitchell, Jason Paul; Jenkins, Adrianna Christine; Macrae, C. Neil (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2009)
      Judging people on the basis of cultural stereotypes is a ubiquitous facet of daily life, yet little is known about how this fundamental inferential strategy is implemented in the brain. Using fMRI, we measured neural ...
    • fMRI Evidence for the Role of Recollection in Suppressing Misattribution Errors: The Illusory Truth Effect 

      Mitchell, Jason Paul; Dodson, Chad S.; Schacter, Daniel L. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2005)
      Misattribution refers to the act of attributing a memory or idea to an incorrect source, such as successfully remembering a bit of information but linking it to an inappropriate person or time [Jacoby, L. L., Kelley, C., ...
    • The Link between Social Cognition and Self-referential Thought in the Medial Prefrontal Cortex 

      Mitchell, Jason; Banaji, Mahzarin; Macrae, Neil (MIT Press, 2005)
      The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) has been implicated in seemingly disparate cognitive functions, such as understanding the minds of other people and processing information about the self. This functional overlap would ...
    • Medial Prefrontal Cortex Predicts Intertemporal Choice 

      Mitchell, Jason Paul; Schirmer, Jessica; Ames, Daniel L.; Gilbert, Daniel Todd (MIT Press - Journals, 2011)
      People often make shortsighted decisions to receive small benefits in the present rather than large benefits in the future, that is, to favor their current selves over their future selves. In two studies using fMRI, we ...
    • Mentalizing under Uncertainty: Dissociated Neural Responses to Ambiguous and Unambiguous Mental State Inferences 

      Jenkins, Adrianna Christine; Mitchell, Jason Paul (Oxford University Press, 2009)
      The ability to read the minds of others (i.e., to mentalize) requires that perceivers understand a wide range of different kinds of mental states, including not only others’ beliefs and knowledge but also their feelings, ...
    • Multivoxel Patterns in Fusiform Face Area Differentiate Faces by Sex and Race 

      Contreras, Juan Manuel; Banaji, Mahzarin R.; Mitchell, Jason P. (Public Library of Science, 2013)
      Although prior research suggests that fusiform gyrus represents the sex and race of faces, it remains unclear whether fusiform face area (FFA)–the portion of fusiform gyrus that is functionally-defined by its preferential ...
    • Neural Correlates of Stereotype Application 

      Mitchell, Jason; Ames, Daniel L.; Jenkins, Adrianna C.; Banaji, Mahzarin (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2009)
      Recent research has focused on the disparate mechanisms that support the human ability to "mentalize" about the thoughts and feelings of others. One such process may rely on precompiled, semantic beliefs about the ...
    • A Social Neuroscience Perspective on Egocentric Influence 

      Tamir, Diana Ilse (2014-06-06)
      This dissertation explores the cognitive mechanisms and motivations that guide two aspects of human social behavior: thinking about other's experiences and communicating with others. In both cases, studies investigated the ...
    • Spontaneous Mentalizing Predicts the Fundamental Attribution Error 

      Moran, Joseph M.; Jolly, Eshin; Mitchell, Jason Paul (MIT Press, 2014)
      When explaining the reasons for others' behavior, perceivers often overemphasize underlying dispositions and personality traits over the power of the situation, a tendency known as the fundamental attribution error. One ...
    • Taking Another Person’s Perspective Increases Self-Referential Neural Processing 

      Ames, Daniel L.; Jenkins, Adrianna C.; Banaji, Mahzarin; Mitchell, Jason (American Psychological Association / Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2008)
    • Toward open sharing of task-based fMRI data: the OpenfMRI project 

      Poldrack, Russell A.; Barch, Deanna M.; Mitchell, Jason P.; Wager, Tor D.; Wagner, Anthony D.; Devlin, Joseph T.; Cumba, Chad; Koyejo, Oluwasanmi; Milham, Michael P. (Frontiers Media S.A., 2013)
      The large-scale sharing of task-based functional neuroimaging data has the potential to allow novel insights into the organization of mental function in the brain, but the field of neuroimaging has lagged behind other areas ...
    • Working Memory and the Suppression of Reflexive Saccades 

      Mitchell, Jason Paul; Macrae, C. Neil; Gilchrist, Iain D. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2002)
      Conscious behavioral intentions can frequently fail under conditions of attentional depletion. In attempting to trace the cognitive origin of this effect, we hypothesized that failures of action control—specifically, ...