Now showing items 1-20 of 41

    • Assessing the Performance of a Computer-Based Policy Model of HIV and AIDS 

      Rydzak, Chara Elaine; Cotich, Kara L.; Sax, Paul Edward; Hsu, Heather Emery Smith; Wang, Bingxia; Losina, Elena; Freedberg, Kenneth Alan; Weinstein, Milton C.; Goldie, Sue J. (2010)
      Background: Model-based analyses, conducted within a decision analytic framework, provide a systematic way to combine information about the natural history of disease and effectiveness of clinical management strategies ...
    • Association between socioeconomic status and pain, function and pain catastrophizing at presentation for total knee arthroplasty 

      Feldman, Candace H; Dong, Yan; Katz, Jeffrey N; Donnell-Fink, Laurel A; Losina, Elena (BioMed Central, 2015)
      Background: Patients with higher socioeconomic status (SES) are shown to have better total knee arthroplasty (TKA) outcomes compared to those with lower SES. The relationship between SES and factors that influence TKA use ...
    • Association of MRI findings and expert diagnosis of symptomatic meniscal tear among middle-aged and older adults with knee pain 

      Deshpande, Bhushan R.; Losina, Elena; Smith, Savannah R.; Martin, Scott D.; Wright, R. John; Katz, Jeffrey N. (BioMed Central, 2016)
      Background: Our aim was to examine the association between an expert clinician’s impression of symptomatic meniscal tears and subsequent MRI in the context of middle-aged and older adults with knee pain. Methods: Patients ...
    • The AViKA (Adding Value in Knee Arthroplasty) postoperative care navigation trial: rationale and design features 

      Losina, Elena; Collins, Jamie E; Daigle, Meghan E; Donnell-Fink, Laurel A; Prokopetz, Julian JZ; Strnad, Doris; Lerner, Vladislav; Rome, Benjamin N; Ghazinouri, Roya; Skoniecki, Debra J; Katz, Jeffrey N; Wright, John (BioMed Central, 2013)
      Background: Utilization of total knee arthroplasty is increasing rapidly. A substantial number of total knee arthroplasty recipients have persistent pain after surgery. Our objective was to design a randomized controlled ...
    • The Clinical and Economic Impact of Point-of-Care CD4 Testing in Mozambique and Other Resource-Limited Settings: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis 

      Hyle, Emily P.; Jani, Ilesh V.; Lehe, Jonathan; Su, Amanda E.; Wood, Robin; Quevedo, Jorge; Losina, Elena; Bassett, Ingrid V.; Pei, Pamela P.; Paltiel, A. David; Resch, Stephen; Freedberg, Kenneth A.; Peter, Trevor; Walensky, Rochelle P. (Public Library of Science, 2014)
      Background: Point-of-care CD4 tests at HIV diagnosis could improve linkage to care in resource-limited settings. Our objective is to evaluate the clinical and economic impact of point-of-care CD4 tests compared to ...
    • Clinical Impact and Cost-Effectiveness of Expanded Voluntary HIV Testing in India 

      Venkatesh, Kartik K.; Becker, Jessica E.; Kumarasamy, Nagalingeswaran; Nakamura, Yoriko M.; Mayer, Kenneth H.; Losina, Elena; Swaminathan, Soumya; Flanigan, Timothy P.; Walensky, Rochelle P.; Freedberg, Kenneth A. (Public Library of Science, 2013)
      Background: Despite expanding access to antiretroviral therapy (ART), most of the estimated 2.3 to 2.5 million HIV-infected individuals in India remain undiagnosed. The questions of whom to test for HIV and at what frequency ...
    • Cost-effectiveness of first-line antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected African children less than 3 years of age 

      Ciaranello, Andrea L.; Doherty, Kathleen; Penazzato, Martina; Lindsey, Jane C.; Harrison, Linda; Kelly, Kathleen; Walensky, Rochelle P.; Essajee, Shaffiq; Losina, Elena; Muhe, Lulu; Wools-Kaloustian, Kara; Ayaya, Samuel; Weinstein, Milton C.; Palumbo, Paul; Freedberg, Kenneth A. (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2015)
      Background: The International Maternal, Pediatric, and Adolescent Clinical Trials P1060 trial demonstrated superior outcomes for HIV-infected children less than 3 years old initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) with ...
    • Cost-Effectiveness of HIV Testing Referral Strategies among Tuberculosis Patients in India 

      Uhler, Lauren M.; Kumarasamy, Nagalingeswaran; Saxena, Anjali; Muniyandi, Malaisamy; Stoler, Adam W.; Lu, Zhigang; Flanigan, Timothy P.; Bender, Melissa A.; Swaminathan, Soumya; Mayer, Kenneth H.; Losina, Elena; Walensky, Rochelle P.; Freedberg, Kenneth Alan; Swaminathan, Soumya (Public Library of Science, 2010)
      Background: Indian guidelines recommend routine referral for HIV testing of all tuberculosis (TB) patients in the nine states with the highest HIV prevalence, and selective referral for testing elsewhere. We assessed the ...
    • Cost-Effectiveness of Preventing Loss to Follow-up in HIV Treatment Programs: A Côte d'Ivoire Appraisal 

      Touré, Hapsatou; Uhler, Lauren M.; Anglaret, Xavier; Paltiel, A. David; Balestre, Eric; Messou, Eugène; Dabis, François; Losina, Elena; Walensky, Rochelle P.; Weinstein, Milton C.; Freedberg, Kenneth Alan (Public Library of Science, 2009)
      Background: Data from HIV treatment programs in resource-limited settings show extensive rates of loss to follow-up (LTFU) ranging from 5% to 40% within 6 mo of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. Our objective was ...
    • The Cost-Effectiveness of Tuberculosis Preventive Therapy for HIV-Infected Individuals in Southern India: A Trial-Based Analysis 

      Pho, Mai T.; Swaminathan, Soumya; Kumarasamy, Nagalingeswaran; Losina, Elena; Ponnuraja, C.; Uhler, Lauren M.; Scott, Callie A.; Mayer, Kenneth Hugh; Freedberg, Kenneth Alan; Walensky, Rochelle P. (Public Library of Science, 2012)
      Background: Regimens for isoniazid-based preventive therapy (IPT) for tuberculosis (TB) in HIV-infected individuals have not been widely adopted given concerns regarding efficacy, adherence and drug resistance. Further, ...
    • Defining the Value of Future Research to Identify the Preferred Treatment of Meniscal Tear in the Presence of Knee Osteoarthritis 

      Losina, Elena; Dervan, Elizabeth E.; Paltiel, A. David; Dong, Yan; Wright, R. John; Spindler, Kurt P.; Mandl, Lisa A.; Jones, Morgan H.; Marx, Robert G.; Safran-Norton, Clare E.; Katz, Jeffrey N. (Public Library of Science, 2015)
      Background: Arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) is extensively used to relieve pain in patients with symptomatic meniscal tear (MT) and knee osteoarthritis (OA). Recent studies have failed to show the superiority of ...
    • Development and feasibility of a personalized, interactive risk calculator for knee osteoarthritis 

      Losina, Elena; Klara, Kristina; Michl, Griffin L.; Collins, Jamie E.; Katz, Jeffrey N. (BioMed Central, 2015)
      Background: The incidence of knee osteoarthritis (OA) is rising. While several risk factors have been associated with the development of knee OA, this information is not readily accessible to those at risk for osteoarthritis. ...
    • Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis among HIV-Infected Patients Starting Antiretroviral Therapy in Durban, South Africa 

      Hom, Jeffrey K.; Wang, Bingxia; Chetty, Senica; Giddy, Janet; Mazibuko, Matilda; Allen, Jenny; Walensky, Rochelle P.; Losina, Elena; Freedberg, Kenneth Alan; Bassett, Ingrid Valerie (Public Library of Science, 2012)
      Objective: To estimate the prevalence of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) and describe the resistance patterns in patients commencing antiretroviral therapy (ART) in an HIV clinic in Durban, South Africa. Design ...
    • Effectiveness of Knee Injury and Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear Prevention Programs: A Meta-Analysis 

      Donnell-Fink, Laurel A.; Klara, Kristina; Collins, Jamie E.; Yang, Heidi Y.; Goczalk, Melissa G.; Katz, Jeffrey N.; Losina, Elena (Public Library of Science, 2015)
      Objective: Individuals frequently involved in jumping, pivoting or cutting are at increased risk of knee injury, including anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears. We sought to use meta-analytic techniques to establish ...
    • Epidemiology of musculoskeletal upper extremity ambulatory surgery in the United States 

      Jain, Nitin B; Higgins, Laurence D; Losina, Elena; Collins, Jamie; Blazar, Philip E; Katz, Jeffrey N (BioMed Central, 2014)
      Background: Musculoskeletal disorders of the upper extremity are common reasons for patients to seek care and undergo ambulatory surgery. The objective of our study was to assess the overall and age-adjusted utilization ...
    • Factors Associated with Self-Reported Repeat HIV Testing after a Negative Result in Durban, South Africa 

      Regan, Susan; Losina, Elena; Chetty, Senica; Giddy, Janet; Walensky, Rochelle P.; Ross, Douglas Sterling; Holst, Helga; Katz, Jeffrey Neil; Freedberg, Kenneth Alan; Bassett, Ingrid Valerie (Public Library of Science, 2013)
      Background: Routine screening for HIV infection leads to early detection and treatment. We examined patient characteristics associated with repeated screening in a high prevalence country. Methods: We analyzed data from a ...
    • High rates of unplanned interruptions from HIV care early after antiretroviral therapy initiation in Nigeria 

      Ahonkhai, Aimalohi A.; Banigbe, Bolanle; Adeola, Juliet; Onwuatuelo, Ifeyinwa; Bassett, Ingrid V.; Losina, Elena; Freedberg, Kenneth A.; Okonkwo, Prosper; Regan, Susan (BioMed Central, 2015)
      Background: Unplanned care interruption (UCI) challenges effective HIV treatment. We determined the frequency and risk factors for UCI in Nigeria. Methods: We conducted a retrospective-cohort study of adults initiating ...
    • HIV Cure Strategies: How Good Must They Be to Improve on Current Antiretroviral Therapy? 

      Sax, Paul E.; Sypek, Alexis; Berkowitz, Bethany K.; Morris, Bethany L.; Losina, Elena; Paltiel, A. David; Kelly, Kathleen A.; Seage, George R.; Walensky, Rochelle P.; Weinstein, Milton C.; Eron, Joseph; Freedberg, Kenneth A. (Public Library of Science, 2014)
      Background: We examined efficacy, toxicity, relapse, cost, and quality-of-life thresholds of hypothetical HIV cure interventions that would make them cost-effective compared to life-long antiretroviral therapy (ART). ...
    • Mass spectrometry assays of plasma biomarkers to predict radiographic progression of knee osteoarthritis 

      Ritter, Susan Y; Collins, Jamie; Krastins, Bryan; Sarracino, David; Lopez, Mary; Losina, Elena; Aliprantis, Antonios O (BioMed Central, 2014)
      Introduction: Biomarkers to identify osteoarthritis (OA) patients at risk for disease progression are needed. As part of a proteomic analysis of knee synovial fluid from normal and OA patients, differentially expressed ...
    • Missed Opportunities: Refusal to Confirm Reactive Rapid HIV Tests in the Emergency Department 

      Ganguli, Ishani; Collins, Jamie E.; Reichmann, William M.; Losina, Elena; Katz, Jeffrey Neil; Arbelaez, Christian; Donnell-Fink, Laurel A.; Walensky, Rochelle P. (Public Library of Science, 2013)
      Background: HIV infection remains a major US public health concern. While HIV-infected individuals now benefit from earlier diagnosis and improved treatment options, progress is tempered by large numbers of newly diagnosed ...