Now showing items 1-20 of 25

    • The association between smoking and subsequent suicide-related outcomes in the National Comorbidity Survey panel sample 

      Kessler, Ronald; Borges, G; Sampson, Nancy A.; Miller, Matt J.; Nock, Matthew K. (Springer Nature, 2008)
      Controversy exists about whether the repeatedly-documented associations between smoking and subsequent suicide-related outcomes (SROs; ideation, plans, gestures, and attempts) are due to unmeasured common causes or to ...
    • Associations of Housing Mobility Interventions for Children in High-Poverty Neighborhoods With Subsequent Mental Disorders During Adolescence 

      Kessler, Ronald; Duncan, Greg J.; Gennetian, Lisa A.; Katz, Lawrence F.; Kling, Jeffrey R.; Sampson, Nancy A.; Sanbonmatsu, Lisa; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Ludwig, Jens (American Medical Association (AMA), 2014)
      Importance Youth in high-poverty neighborhoods have high rates of emotional problems. Understanding neighborhood influences on mental health is crucial for designing neighborhood-level interventions. Objective To ...
    • Barriers to Initiating and Continuing Mental Health Treatment Among Soldiers in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) 

      Naifeh, James A.; Colpe, Lisa J.; Aliaga, Pablo A.; Sampson, Nancy A.; Heeringa, Steven G.; Stein, Murray B.; Ursano, Robert J.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Nock, Matthew K.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Kessler, Ronald (AMSUS, 2016)
      U.S. Army soldiers with mental disorders report a variety of barriers to initiating and continuing treatment. Improved understanding of these barriers can help direct mental health services to soldiers in need. A representative ...
    • Clinical reappraisal of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview Screening Scales (CIDI-SC) in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) 

      Kessler, Ronald; Santiago, Patcho N.; Colpe, Lisa J.; Dempsey, Catherine L.; First, Michael B.; Heeringa, Steven G.; Stein, Murray B.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Gruber, Michael; Naifeh, James A.; Nock, Matthew K.; Sampson, Nancy A.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Ursano, Robert J. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2013)
      A clinical reappraisal study was carried out in conjunction with the Army STARRS All-Army Study (AAS) to evaluate concordance of DSM-IV diagnoses based on the Composite International Diagnostic Interview screening scales ...
    • Cross-National Analysis of the Associations among Mental Disorders and Suicidal Behavior: Findings from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys 

      Angermeyer, Matthias; Beautrais, Annette; Borges, Guilherme; Bromet, Evelyn; Bruffaerts, Ronny; de Girolamo, Giovanni; de Graaf, Ron; Florescu, Silvia; Gureje, Oye; Haro, Josep Maria; Hu, Chiyi; Huang, Yueqin; Karam, Elie G.; Kawakami, Norito; Kovess, Viviane; Levinson, Daphna; Posada-Villa, Jose; Sagar, Rajesh; Tomov, Toma; Viana, Maria Carmen; Nock, Matthew K.; Hwang, Irving; Sampson, Nancy A.; Kessler, Ronald; Williams, David R. (Public Library of Science, 2009)
      Background: Suicide is a leading cause of death worldwide. Mental disorders are among the strongest predictors of suicide; however, little is known about which disorders are uniquely predictive of suicidal behavior, the ...
    • Cross-National Analysis of the Associations between Traumatic Events and Suicidal Behavior: Findings from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys 

      Alonso, Jordi; Borges, Guilherme; Bromet, Evelyn; Bruffaerts, Ronny; de Girolamo, Giovanni; Florescu, Silvia; Gureje, Oye; He, Yanling; Kovess-Masfety, Viviane; Levinson, Daphna; Matschinger, Herbert; Mneimneh, Zeina; Nakamura, Yosikazu; Ormel, Johan; Posada-Villa, Jose; Sagar, Rajesh; Scott, Kate M.; Tomov, Toma; Viana, Maria Carmen; Stein, Daniel Brookner; Chiu, Wai Tat; Hwang, Irving; Kessler, Ronald; Sampson, Nancy A.; Williams, David; Nock, Matthew K. (Public Library of Science, 2010)
      Background Community and clinical data have suggested there is an association between trauma exposure and suicidal behavior (i.e., suicide ideation, plans and attempts). However, few studies have assessed which traumas are ...
    • Design of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) 

      Kessler, Ronald; Colpe, Lisa J.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Gebler, Nancy; Naifeh, James A.; Nock, Matthew K.; Sampson, Nancy A.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Stein, Murray B.; Ursano, Robert J.; Heeringa, Steven G. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2013)
      The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) is a multi-component epidemiological and neurobiological study designed to generate actionable evidence-based recommendations to reduce U.S. Army ...
    • Field procedures in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) 

      Heeringa, Steven G.; Gebler, Nancy; Colpe, Lisa J.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Hwang, Irving; Kessler, Ronald; Naifeh, James A.; Nock, Matthew K.; Sampson, Nancy A.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Stein, Murray B.; Ursano, Robert J. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2013)
      The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) is a multi-component epidemiological and neurobiological study of unprecedented size and complexity designed to generate actionable evidence-based ...
    • Lifetime Prevalence of Dsm-Iv Mental Disorders Among New Soldiers in the U.S. Army: Results From the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) 

      Rosellini, Anthony; Heeringa, Steven G.; Stein, Murray B.; Ursano, Robert J.; Chiu, Wai Tat; Colpe, Lisa J.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Gilman, Stephen Edward; Hwang, Irving; Naifeh, James A.; Nock, Matthew K.; Petukhova, Maria; Sampson, Nancy A.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Kessler, Ronald (Wiley-Blackwell, 2014)
      Background The prevalence of 30-day mental disorders with retrospectively-reported early onsets is significantly higher in the U.S. Army than among socio-demographically matched civilians. This difference could reflect ...
    • Mental disorders among college students in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys 

      Auerbach, Randy Patrick; Alonso, Jose Luis; Axinn, W. G.; Cuijpers, P.; Ebert, D. D.; Green, J. G.; Hwang, Irving; Kessler, Ronald; Liu, Howard; Mortier, Philippe; Nock, Matthew K.; Pinder-Amaker, Stephanie L; Sampson, Nancy A.; Aguilar-Gaxiola, S.; Al-Hamzawi, A.; Andrade, L. H.; Benjet, C.; Caldas-de-Almeida, J. M.; Demyttenaere, K.; Florescu, S.; de Girolamo, G.; Gureje, O.; Haro, J. M.; Karam, E. G.; Kiejna, A.; Kovess-Masfety, V.; Lee, S.; McGrath, J. J.; O, S.; Pennell, B.-E.; Scott, K.; ten Have, M.; Torres, Y.; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Zarkov, Z.; Bruffaerts, R. (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2016)
      Background Although mental disorders are significant predictors of educational attainment throughout the entire educational career, most research on mental disorders among students has focused on the primary and secondary ...
    • Mental Disorders, Comorbidity, and Pre-enlistment Suicidal Behavior Among New Soldiers in the U.S. Army: Results from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) 

      Nock, Matthew K.; Ursano, Robert J.; Heeringa, Steven G.; Stein, Murray B.; Jain, Sonia; Raman, Rema; Sun, Xiaoying; Chiu, Wai Tat; Colpe, Lisa J.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Gilman, Stephen Edward; Hwang, Irving; Naifeh, James A.; Rosellini, Anthony; Sampson, Nancy A.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Kessler, Ronald (Wiley-Blackwell, 2015)
      We examined the associations between mental disorders and suicidal behavior (ideation, plans, and attempts) among new soldiers using data from the New Soldier Study (NSS) component of the Army Study to Assess Risk and ...
    • Mental Disorders, Comorbidity, and Suicidal Behavior: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication 

      Nock, Matthew K.; Hwang, Irving; Sampson, Nancy A. (Nature Publishing Group, 2009)
      Mental disorders are among the strongest predictors of suicide attempts. However, little is known about which disorders are uniquely associated with suicidal behavior due to high levels of psychiatric comorbidity. We ...
    • Occupational differences in US Army suicide rates 

      Kessler, Ronald; Stein, M. B.; Bliese, P. D.; Bromet, E. J.; Chiu, Wai Tat; Cox, K. L.; Colpe, L. J.; Fullerton, C. S.; Gilman, Stephen Edward; Gruber, Michaela; Heeringa, S. G.; Lewandowski-Romps, L.; Millikan-Bell, A.; Naifeh, J. A.; Nock, Matthew K.; Petukhova, Maria; Rosellini, A; Sampson, Nancy A.; Schoenbaum, M.; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Ursano, R. J. (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2015)
      Background Civilian suicide rates vary by occupation in ways related to occupational stress exposure. Comparable military research finds suicide rates elevated in combat arms occupations. However, no research has evaluated ...
    • Parental psychopathology and the risk of suicidal behavior in their offspring: results from the World Mental Health surveys 

      Gureje, O; Oladeji, Bibilola; Hwang, Irving; Chiu, Wai Tat; Kessler, Ronald; Sampson, Nancy A.; Alonso, Jose Luis; Andrade, Luis; Beautrais, A; Borges, G; Bromet, E; Bruffaerts, R; de Girolamo, G; de Graaf, R; Gal, G; He, Y; Hu, C; Iwata, N; Karam, E G; Kovess-Masféty, V; Matschinger, H; Moldovan, M V; Posada-Villa, J; Sagar, R; Scocco, P; Seedat, S; Tomov, Toma; Nock, Matthew K. (Springer Nature, 2010)
      Prior research suggests that parental psychopathology predicts suicidal behavior among offspring; however, the more fine-grained associations between specific parental disorders and distinct stages of the pathway to suicide ...
    • Predicting Suicides After Psychiatric Hospitalization in US Army Soldiers 

      Kessler, Ronald; Warner, Christopher H.; Ivany, Christopher; Petukhova, Maria; Rose, Sherri; Bromet, Evelyn J.; Brown, Millard; Cai, Tianxi; Colpe, Lisa J.; Cox, Kenneth L.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Gilman, Stephen Edward; Gruber, Michael; Heeringa, Steven G.; Lewandowski-Romps, Lisa; Li, Junlong; Millikan-Bell, Amy M.; Naifeh, James A.; Nock, Matthew K.; Rosellini, Anthony Joseph; Sampson, Nancy A.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Stein, Murray B.; Wessely, Simon; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Ursano, Robert J. (American Medical Association (AMA), 2015)
      IMPORTANCE: The US Army experienced a sharp increase in soldier suicides beginning in 2004. Administrative data reveal that among those at highest risk are soldiers in the 12 months after inpatient treatment of a psychiatric ...
    • Prevalence and correlates of suicidal behavior among new soldiers in the US Army: results from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) 

      Ursano, Robert J.; Heeringa, Steven G.; Stein, Murray B.; Jain, Sonia; Raman, Rema; Sun, Xiaoying; Chiu, Wai Tat; Colpe, Lisa J.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Gilman, Stephen Edward; Hwang, Irving; Naifeh, James A.; Nock, Matthew K.; Rosellini, Anthony; Sampson, Nancy A.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Kessler, Ronald (Wiley-Blackwell, 2014)
      Background The prevalence of suicide among U.S. Army soldiers has risen dramatically in recent years. Prior studies suggest that most soldiers with suicidal behaviors (i.e., ideation, plans, and attempts) had first ...
    • Prevalence and Correlates of Suicidal Behavior Among Soldiers 

      Nock, Matthew K.; Stein, Murray B.; Heeringa, Steven G.; Ursano, Robert J.; Colpe, Lisa J.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Hwang, Irving; Naifeh, James A.; Sampson, Nancy A.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Kessler, Ronald (American Medical Association (AMA), 2014)
      Importance The suicide rate among US Army soldiers has increased substantially in recent years. Objectives To estimate the lifetime prevalence and sociodemographic, Army career, and psychiatric predictors of suicidal ...
    • Prospective Longitudinal Evaluation of the Effect of Deployment-Acquired Traumatic Brain Injury on Posttraumatic Stress and Related Disorders: Results From the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) 

      Stein, Murray B.; Kessler, Ronald; Heeringa, Steven G.; Jain, Sonia; Campbell-Sills, Laura; Colpe, Lisa J.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Nock, Matthew K.; Sampson, Nancy A.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Sun, Xiaoying; Thomas, Michael L.; Ursano, Robert J. (American Psychiatric Publishing, 2015)
      Objective Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is increasingly recognized as a risk factor for deleterious mental health and functional outcomes. The purpose of this study was to examine the strength and specificity of the ...
    • Prospective risk factors for post-deployment heavy drinking and alcohol or substance use disorder among US Army soldiers 

      Campbell-Sills, Laura; Ursano, Robert J.; Kessler, Ronald; Sun, Xiaoying; Heeringa, Steven G.; Nock, Matthew K.; Sampson, Nancy A.; Jain, Sonia; Stein, Murray B. (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2017)
      Background: Investigations of drinking behavior across military deployment cycles are scarce, and few prospective studies have examined risk factors for post-deployment alcohol misuse. Methods: Prevalence of alcohol misuse ...
    • Response bias, weighting adjustments, and design effects in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) 

      Kessler, Ronald; Heeringa, Steven G.; Colpe, Lisa J.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Gebler, Nancy; Hwang, Irving; Naifeh, James A.; Nock, Matthew K.; Sampson, Nancy A.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Stein, Murray B.; Ursano, Robert J. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2013)
      The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) is a multi-component epidemiological and neurobiological study designed to generate actionable recommendations to reduce U.S. Army suicides and ...