Now showing items 1-20 of 45

    • Adaptive constructive processes and the future of memory 

      Schacter, Daniel L. (American Psychological Association, 2012)
      Memory serves critical functions in everyday life, but is also prone to error. This article examines adaptive constructive processes, which play a functional role in memory and cognition but can also produce distortions, ...
    • Aged-Related Neural Changes During Memory Conjunction Errors 

      Giovanello, Kelly S.; Kensinger, Elizabeth A; Wong, Alana T.; Schacter, Daniel L. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2010)
      Human behavioral studies demonstrate that healthy aging is often accompanied by increases in memory distortions or errors. Here we used event-related functional MRI to examine the neural basis of age-related memory ...
    • Auditory Priming within and across Modalities: Evidence from Positron Emission Tomography 

      Badgaiyan, Rajendra D; Schacter, Daniel L.; Alpert, Nathaniel Moritz (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 1999)
      Previous neuroimaging studies of perceptual priming have reported priming-related decreases in the extrastriate cortex. However, because these experiments have used visual stimuli, it is unclear whether the observed decreases ...
    • Brain Potentials Reflect Behavioral Differences in True and False Recognition 

      Curran, Tim; Schacter, Daniel L.; Johnson, Marcia K.; Spinks, Ruth (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2001)
      People often falsely recognize nonstudied lures that are semantically similar to previously studied words. Behavioral research suggests that such false recognition is based on high semantic overlap between studied items ...
    • Cognitive Neuroscience Analyses of Memory: A Historical Perspective 

      Polster, Michael R.; Nadel, Lynn; Schacter, Daniel L. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 1991)
      As part of the general trend toward interdisciplinary research in recent years, a growing number of investigators have come to consider both cognitive and neuroscientific perspectives when theorizing about memory. Although ...
    • Coming to Grips With the Past: Effect of Repeated Simulation on the Perceived Plausibility of Episodic Counterfactual Thoughts 

      De Brigard, Felipe; Szpunar, Karl; Schacter, Daniel L. (SAGE Publications, 2013)
      When people revisit previous experiences, they often engage in episodic counterfactual thinking: mental simulations of alternative ways in which personal past events could have occurred. The present study employed a novel ...
    • Conscious Processing During Retrieval Can Occur in Early and Late Visual Regions 

      Thakral, Preston P.; Slotnick, Scott D.; Schacter, Daniel L. (Elsevier BV, 2013)
      Previous evidence has suggested a functional-anatomic dissociation between conscious and nonconscious processing during retrieval where early visual regions BA17/18 are associated with nonconscious processing and late ...
    • Constructive Memory: Past and Future 

      Schacter, Daniel L. (Les Laboratoires Servier, 2012)
      Human memory is not a literal reproduction of the past, but instead relies on constructive processes that are sometimes prone to error and distortion. Understanding of constructive memory has accelerated during recent years ...
    • The Cortical Underpinnings of Context-based Memory Distortion 

      Aminoff, Elissa; Schacter, Daniel; Bar, Moshe (MIT Press, 2008)
      Everyday contextual settings create associations that later afford generating predictions about what objects to expect in our environment. The cortical network that takes advantage of such contextual information is proposed ...
    • Dissociating Confidence and Accuracy: Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Shows Origins of the Subjective Memory Experience 

      Chua, Elizabeth A.; Rand-Giovannetti, Erin; Schacter, Daniel L.; Albert, Marilyn Silagy; Sperling, Reisa Anne (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2004)
      Successful memory typically implies both objective accuracy and subjective confidence, but there are instances when confidence and accuracy diverge. This dissociation suggests that there may be distinct neural patterns of ...
    • Distinctive Encoding Reduces the Jacoby-Whitehouse Illusion 

      Gallo, David A.; Perlmutter, David H.; Moore, Christopher D.; Schacter, Daniel (Psychonomic Society, 2008)
      We investigated the influence of distinctive encoding on the Jacoby and Whitehouse (1989) illusion. Subjects studied visually presented words that were associated with either an auditory presentation of the same word ...
    • Effects of Emotion on Memory Specificity in Young and Older Adults 

      Kensinger, Elizabeth A.; Garoff-Eaton, Rachel J.; Schacter, Daniel (Gerontological Society of America, 2002)
      To examine how emotional content affects the amount of visual detail remembered, we had young and older adults study neutral, negative, and positive objects. At retrieval, they distinguished same (identical) from similar ...
    • Electrophysiological Dissociation of Picture Versus Word Encoding: The Distinctiveness Heuristic as a Retrieval Orientation 

      Budson, Andrew E.; Droller, Daniel B.; Dodson, Chad S.; Schacter, Daniel L.; Rugg, Michael D.; Holcomb, Philip J.; Daffner, Kirk R. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2005)
      Event-related potentials (ERPs) were used to investigate the neural processes underlying the distinctiveness heuristic— a response mode in which participants expect to remember vivid details of an experience and make ...
    • Episodic future thinking and episodic counterfactual thinking: Intersections between memory and decisions 

      Schacter, Daniel L.; Benoit, Roland; De Brigard, Felipe; Szpunar, Karl (Elsevier BV, 2013)
      This article considers two recent lines of research concerned with the construction of imagined or simulated events that can provide insight into the relationship between memory and decision making. One line of research ...
    • fMRI Evidence for Separable and Lateralized Prefrontal Memory Monitoring Processes 

      Dobbins, Ian G.; Simons, Jon S.; Schacter, Daniel L. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2004)
      Source memory research suggests that attempting to remember specific contextual aspects surrounding prior stimulus encounters results in greater left prefrontal cortex (PFC) activity than simple item-based old/new recognition ...
    • fMRI Evidence for the Role of Recollection in Suppressing Misattribution Errors: The Illusory Truth Effect 

      Mitchell, Jason Paul; Dodson, Chad S.; Schacter, Daniel L. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2005)
      Misattribution refers to the act of attributing a memory or idea to an incorrect source, such as successfully remembering a bit of information but linking it to an inappropriate person or time [Jacoby, L. L., Kelley, C., ...
    • The Future of Memory: Remembering, Imagining, and the Brain 

      Schacter, Daniel L.; Addis, Donna Rose; Hassabis, Demis; Martin, Victoria C.; Spreng, R. Nathan; Szpunar, Karl (Elsevier, 2012)
      During the past few years, there has been a dramatic increase in research examining the role of memory in imagination and future thinking. This work has revealed striking similarities between remembering the past and ...
    • Get Real: Effects of Repeated Simulation and Emotion on the Perceived Plausibility of Future Experiences 

      Szpunar, Karl; Schacter, Daniel L. (American Psychological Association, 2013)
      People frequently imagine specific interpersonal experiences that might occur in their futures. The present study used a novel experimental paradigm to examine the influence of repeated simulation of future interpersonal ...
    • Goal-Directed Simulation of Past and Future Events: Cognitive and Neuroimaging Approaches 

      Gerlach, Katrin Daniela (2013-08-21)
      Goal-directed episodic simulation, the imaginative construction of a hypothetical personal event or series of events focused on a specific goal, is essential to our everyday lives. We often imagine how we could solve a ...
    • The Hippocampus and Imagining the Future: Where Do We Stand? 

      Addis, Donna Rose; Schacter, Daniel L. (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2012)
      Recent neuroimaging work has demonstrated that the hippocampus is engaged when imagining the future, in some cases more than when remembering the past. It is possible that this hippocampal activation reflects recombining ...