Now showing items 21-40 of 66

    • The Dynamics of Intentions in Collaborative Intentionality 

      Grosz, Barbara; Hunsberger, Luke (Elsevier, 2006)
      An adequate formulation of collective intentionality is crucial for understanding group activity and for modeling the mental state of participants in such activities. Although work on collective intentionality in philosophy, ...
    • Effective Information Value Calculation for Interruption Management in Multi-Agent Scheduling. 

      Sarne, David; Grosz, Barbara; Owotoki, Peter (Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), 2008)
      This paper addresses the problem of deciding effectively whether to interrupt a teammate who may have information that is valuable for solving a collaborative scheduling problem. Two characteristics of multi-agent scheduling ...
    • Efficiently Determining the Appropriate Mix of Personal Interaction and Reputation Information in Partner Choice 

      Reches, Shulamit; Hendrix, Philip; Kraus, Sarit; Grosz, Barbara (Association for Computing Machinery, 2008)
      Many multi-agent settings require that agents identify appropriate partners or teammates with whom to work on tasks. When selecting potential partners, agents may benefit from obtaining information about alternative ...
    • Establishing Context in Task-Oriented Dialogs 

      Grosz, Barbara (Association for Computational Linguistics/MIT, 1975)
      This paper describes part of the discourse component of a speech understanding system for task-oriented dialogs, specifically, a mechanism for establishing a focus of attention to aid in identifying the referents of definite ...
    • Estimating Information Value in Collaborative Multi-Agent Planning Systems 

      Sarne, David; Grosz, Barbara (Association for Computing Machinery, 2007)
      This paper addresses the problem of identifying the value of information held by a teammate on a distributed, multi-agent team. It focuses on a distributed scheduling task in which computer agents support people who are ...
    • The Evolution of Sharedplans 

      Grosz, Barbara J.; Kraus, Sarit (Springer Science + Business Media, 1999)
      Rational agents often need to work together. There are jobs that cannot be done by one agent—for example, singing a duet or operating a computer network—and jobs that are more efficiently done by more than one agent—for ...
    • Exploring Opportunities for Social Infrastructure in Congestive Heart Failure Management 

      Gajos, Krzysztof Z; Kim, Sunyoung; Iravantchi, Yasha Stephen; Grosz, Barbara J. (2015)
      As population ages and chronic disease increases, new models of health care delivery are inevitable. We propose to interweave the concept of chronic care management into social infrastructure to better support elderly ...
    • Focusing in Dialog 

      Grosz, Barbara (Association for Computational Linguistics, 1978)
    • Incorporating Helpful Behavior into Collaborative Planning 

      Kamar, Ece; Gal, Ya’akov; Grosz, Barbara J. (Springer Verlag, 2009)
      This paper considers the design of agent strategies for deciding whether to help other members of a group with whom an agent is engaged in a collaborative activity. Three characteristics of collaborative planning must be ...
    • Incremental Negotiation and Coalition Formation for Resource-bounded Agents: Preliminary Report 

      des Jardins, Marie; Kraus, Sarit; Hsu, Eric; Grosz, Barbara; Rauenbusch, Timothy; Yadgar, Osher; Ortiz, Charles L. Jr (Assocation for the Advancement of Artifical Intelligence, 2002)
      We explore a class of task allocation mechanisms that are incremental and can be tuned to the computational resource limitations of agents. Our focus is on distributed task and resource allocation problems involving ...
    • The Influence of Contexts on Decision-Making 

      Gal, Ya'akov; Grosz, Barbara J.; Pfeffer, Avi; Shieber, Stuart Merrill; Allain, Alex (2007)
      Many environments in which people and computer agents interact involve deploying resources to accomplish tasks and satisfy goals. This paper investigates the way that the contextual setting in which decisions are made ...
    • The Influence of Social Dependencies on Decision-Making: Initial Investigations with a New Game 

      Grosz, Barbara; Kraus, Sarit; Talman, Shavit; Stossel, Boaz; Havlin, Moti (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2004)
      This paper describes a new multi-player computer game, Colored Trails (CT), which may be played by people, computers and heterogeneous groups. CT was designed to enable investigation of properties of decision-making ...
    • The Influence of Social Norms and Social Consciousness on Intention Reconciliation 

      Grosz, Barbara; Kraus, Sarit; Sullivan, David G.; Das, Sanmay (Elsevier, 2002)
      Research on resource-bounded agents has established that rational agents need to be able to revise their commitments in light of new opportunities. In the context of collaborative activities, rational agents must be able ...
    • The influence of task contexts on the decision-making of humans and computers. 

      Gal, Ya'akov Kobi; Grosz, Barbara; Pfeffer, Avrom; Shieber, Stuart; Allain, Alex (Springer, 2007)
      Many environments in which people and computer agents interact involve deploying resources to accomplish tasks and satisfy goals. This paper investigates the way that the context in which decisions are made affects the ...
    • Information Sharing for Care Coordination 

      Amir, Ofra; Grosz, Barbara J.; Stern, Roni; Sanders, Lee M. (IFAAMAS, 2013)
      Teamwork and care coordination are of increasing importance to health care delivery and patient safety and health. This paper describes our initial work on developing agents that are able to make intelligent information ...
    • Infrastructure for Research towards Ubiquitous Information Systems 

      Grosz, Barbara J.; Kung, H. T.; Seltzer, Margo I.; Shieber, Stuart Merrill; Smith, Michael D. (1994)
      The availability of fast, inexpensive computers and the growth of network technology have resulted in the proliferation of computing power and an enormous increase in information available in electronic form. However, most ...
    • Instructions for Annotating Discourse 

      Nakatani, Christine H.; Grosz, Barbara J.; Ahn, David D.; Hirschberg, Julia (1995)
      This guide contains instructions for segmenting discourse that are meant to be self-contained. Although based on a particular theory of discourse structure, they do not make reference in any way to that theory. As a result, ...
    • Intention Reconciliation by Collaborative Agents 

      Sullivan, David G.; Grosz, Barbara; Kraus, Sarit (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2000)
      Research on resource-bounded agents has established that rational agents need to be able to revise their commitments in the light of new opportunities. In the context of collaborative activities, rational agents must be ...
    • Intention Reconciliation in the Context of Teamwork: An Initial Empirical Investigation 

      Sullivan, David G.; Glass, Alyssa; Grosz, Barbara; Kraus, Sarit (Springer, 1999)
      With growing opportunities for individually motivated agents to work collaboratively to satisfy shared goals, it becomes increasingly important to design agents that can make intelligent decisions in the context of commitments ...
    • Interactive teaching strategies for agent training 

      Amir, Ofra; Kamar, Ece; Kolobov, Andrey; Grosz, Barbara J. (International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence, 2016)
      Agents learning how to act in new environments can benefit from input from more experienced agents or humans. This paper studies interactive teaching strategies for identifying when a student can benefit from teacher-advice ...