Now showing items 8162-8181 of 40162

    • Dental evidence for ontogenetic differences between modern humans and Neanderthals 

      Smith, Tanya; Tafforeau, P.; Reid, D. J.; Pouech, J.; Lazzari, V.; Zermeno, J. P.; Guatelli-Steinberg, D.; Olejniczak, A. J.; Hoffman, A.; Radovcic, J.; Makaremi, M.; Toussaint, M.; Stringer, C.; Hublin, J.-J. (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2010)
      Humans have an unusual life history, with an early weaning age, long childhood, late first reproduction, short interbirth intervals, and long lifespan. In contrast, great apes wean later, reproduce earlier, and have longer ...
    • Dental Evidence from the Aterian Human Populations of Morocco 

      Hublin, Jean-Jacques; Verna, Christine; Bailey, Shara; Smith, Tanya; Olejniczak, Anthony; Sbihi-Alaoui, Fatima Z.; Zouak, Mehdi (Springer-Verlag, 2012)
      The Aterian fossil hominins represent one of the most abundant series of human remains associated with Middle Stone Age/Middle Paleolithic assemblages in Africa. Their dates have been revised and they are now mostly assigned ...
    • Dental Ontogeny in Pliocene and Early Pleistocene Hominins 

      Smith, Tanya M.; Tafforeau, Paul; Le Cabec, Adeline; Bonnin, Anne; Houssaye, Alexandra; Pouech, Joane; Moggi-Cecchi, Jacopo; Manthi, Fredrick; Ward, Carol; Makaremi, Masrour; Menter, Colin G. (Public Library of Science, 2015)
      Until recently, our understanding of the evolution of human growth and development derived from studies of fossil juveniles that employed extant populations for both age determination and comparison. This circular approach ...
    • Dental status and incident falls among older Japanese: a prospective cohort study 

      Yamamoto, Tatsuo; Kondo, Katsunori; Misawa, Jimpei; Hirai, Hiroshi; Nakade, Miyo; Aida, Jun; Kondo, Naoki; Kawachi, Ichiro; Hirata, Yukio (BMJ Group, 2012)
      Objective: To examine if self-reported number of teeth, denture use and chewing ability are associated with incident falls. Design: Longitudinal cohort study (the Aichi Gerontological Evaluation Study). Setting: 5 Japanese ...
    • Dental tissue proportions in fossil orangutans from mainland Asia and Indonesia 

      Smith, Tanya; Bacon, Anne-Marie; Demeter, Fabrice; Kullmer, Ottmar; Nguyen, Kim Thuy; de Vos, John; Wei, Wang; Zermeno, John P.; Zhao, Lingxia (Asian-Australian Association of Paleoanthopologists, 2011)
      Orangutans (Pongo) are the only great ape genus with a substantial Pleistocene and Holocene fossil record, demonstrating a much larger geographic range than extant populations. In addition to having an extensive fossil ...
    • Dental utilization disparities in a Jewish context: reasons and potential solutions 

      Lazarus, Z; Pirutinsky, S; Korbman, M; Rosmarin, David Hillel (2015)
      Demographic discrepancies in dental healthcare utilization and access to care have historically been studied and attributed to such factors as socioeconomic status, race, and ethnicity. Such potential discrepancies and ...
    • Dentate gyrus abnormalities in sudden unexplained death in infants: morphological marker of underlying brain vulnerability 

      Kinney, Hannah C.; Cryan, Jane B.; Haynes, Robin L.; Paterson, David S.; Haas, Elisabeth A.; Mena, Othon J.; Minter, Megan; Journey, Kelley W.; Trachtenberg, Felicia L.; Goldstein, Richard D.; Armstrong, Dawna D. (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2014)
      Sudden unexplained death in infants, including the sudden infant death syndrome, is likely due to heterogeneous causes that involve different intrinsic vulnerabilities and/or environmental factors. Neuropathologic research ...
    • Deoxyfluorination of Phenols 

      Tang, Pingping; Wang, Weike; Ritter, Tobias (American Chemical Society, 2011)
      An operationally simple ipso fluorination of phenols with a new deoxyfluorination reagent is presented.
    • The Department of Agriculture's Regulation of Poultry Under the Poultry Products Inspection Act of 1957 

      Coble, Charles (1997)
      The purpose of this paper is to investigate the reasons how conflicts between the USDA and FDA create obstacles to effective public health policy exist in the United States. I will begin my investigation by briefly outlining ...
    • Dependence of Avidity on Linker Length for a Bivalent Ligand–Bivalent Receptor Model System 

      Mack, Eric T.; Snyder, Phillip W.; Perez-Castillejos, Raquel; Bilgiçer, Başar; Moustakas, Demetri T.; Butte, Manish J.; Whitesides, George M. (American Chemical Society, 2012)
      This paper describes a synthetic dimer of carbonic anhydrase, and a series of bivalent sulfonamide ligands with different lengths (25 to 69 Å between the ends of the fully extended ligands), as a model system to use in ...
    • Dependence of Corneal Stem/Progenitor Cells on Ocular Surface Innervation 

      Ueno, Hiroki; Ferrari, Giulio; Hattori, Takaaki; Saban, Daniel R.; Katikireddy, Kishore R.; Chauhan, Sunil Kumar; Dana, Reza (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO), 2012)
      Purpose. Neurotrophic keratopathy (NK) is a corneal degeneration associated with corneal nerve dysfunction. It can cause corneal epithelial defects, stromal thinning, and perforation. However, it is not clear if and to ...
    • Dependence of entrainment in shallow cumulus convection on vertical velocity and distance to cloud edge 

      Tian, Yang; Kuang, Zhiming (Wiley-Blackwell, 2016)
      The dependence of entrainment rate on environmental conditions and cloud characteristics is investigated using large eddy simulations (LES) of the response of shallow cumulus convection to a small-amplitude temperature ...
    • The Dependence of Growth-Model Results on Proficiency Cut Scores 

      Ho, Andrew Dean; Lewis, Daniel M.; Farris, Jason L. MacGregor (Wiley-Blackwell, 2009)
      States participating in the Growth Model Pilot Program reference individual student growth against “proficiency” cut scores that conform with the original No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Although achievement results from ...
    • The dependence of nonadiabatic couplings on the origin of electron coordinates 

      Belyaev, Andrey K.; Dalgarno, Alexander; McCarroll, Ronald (AIP Publishing, 2002)
      It is shown both analytically and numerically for a number of examples that both radial and rotational nonadiabatic couplings within the standard adiabatic approach depend on the origin of the light-particle coordinates ...
    • Dependence of nuclear spin singlet lifetimes on RF spin-locking power 

      Devience, Stephen J; Walsworth, Ronald L.; Rosen, Matthew Scot (Elsevier BV, 2012)
      We measure the lifetime of long-lived nuclear spin singlet states as a function of the strength of the RF spin-locking field and present a simple theoretical model that agrees well with our measurements, including the ...
    • The Dependence of Value on Humanity 

      Korsgaard, Christine M. (Oxford University Press, 2003)
      This chapter discusses socially dependent attributes by providing an example of appreciating two different buildings. It comments on the idea of philosophising about value as it can perhaps be applied to a number of terms ...
    • Dependent type theory of stateful higher-order functions 

      Nanevski, Aleksandar; Morrisett, Greg Gregory (2005)
      In this paper we investigate a logic for reasoning about programs with higher-order functions and effectful features like non-termination and state with aliasing. We propose a dependent type theory HTT (short for Hoare ...
    • Dependent, but not Perfectionistic, Dysfunctional Attitudes Predict Worsened Mood and Appraisals after Emotional Support from a Romantic Partner 

      Felix, Steven A. M.; Hooker, Christine I. (Frontiers Media S.A., 2016)
      Background: Receiving emotional support from a romantic partner often leads to emotional costs via negative appraisals about the self and one's relationship, but it is unclear whether certain individuals are more susceptible ...
    • Dephosphorylation of DBC1 by Protein Phosphatase 4 Is Important for p53-Mediated Cellular Functions 

      Lee, Jihye; Adelmant, Guillaume; Marto, Jarrod A.; Lee, Dong-Hyun (Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology, 2015)
      Deleted in breast cancer-1 (DBC1) contributes to the regulation of cell survival and apoptosis. Recent studies demonstrated that DBC is phosphorylated at Thr454 by ATM/ATR kinases in response to DNA damage, which is a ...
    • Depletion of CD11c+ cells in the CD11c.DTR model drives expansion of unique CD64+ Ly6C+ monocytes that are poised to release TNF-α 

      Sivakumaran, Shivajanani; Henderson, Stephen; Ward, Sophie; Santos E Sousa, Pedro; Manzo, Teresa; Zhang, Lei; Conlan, Thomas; Means, Terry K; D'Aveni, Maud; Hermine, Olivier; Rubio, Marie-Thérèse; Chakraverty, Ronjon; Bennett, Clare L (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015)
      Dendritic cells (DCs) play a vital role in innate and adaptive immunities. Inducible depletion of CD11c+ DCs engineered to express a high-affinity diphtheria toxin receptor has been a powerful tool to dissect DC function ...