Now showing items 8345-8364 of 47383

    • Control Capacity and A Random Sampling Method in Exploring Controllability of Complex Networks 

      Jia, Tao; Barabási, Albert-László (Nature Publishing Group, 2013)
      Controlling complex systems is a fundamental challenge of network science. Recent advances indicate that control over the system can be achieved through a minimum driver node set (MDS). The existence of multiple MDS's ...
    • Control Centrality and Hierarchical Structure in Complex Networks 

      Liu, Yang-Yu; Slotine, Jean-Jacques; Barabasi, Albert-Laszio (Public Library of Science, 2012)
      We introduce the concept of control centrality to quantify the ability of a single node to control a directed weighted network. We calculate the distribution of control centrality for several real networks and find that ...
    • Control of androgen receptor action by a novel nuclear receptor binding motif in Bag-1L 

      Cato, Laura; Jehle, Katja; Neeb, Antje; Cato, Andrew CB; Brown, Myles (BioMed Central, 2013)
    • Control of bacterial biofilm growth on surfaces by nanostructural mechanics and geometry 

      Epstein, A K; Hochbaum, A I; Kim, Philseok; Aizenberg, Joanna (IOP Publishing, 2011)
      Surface-associated communities of bacteria, called biofilms, pervade natural and anthropogenic environments. Mature biofilms are resistant to a wide range of antimicrobial treatments and therefore pose persistent pathogenic ...
    • Control of Bone Mass and Remodeling by PTH Receptor Signaling in Osteocytes 

      Plotkin, Lilian I.; Galli, Carlo; Goellner, Joseph J.; Gortazar, Arancha R.; Allen, Matthew R.; Robling, Alexander G.; Turner, Charles H.; Jilka, Robert L.; Weinstein, Robert S.; Manolagas, Stavros C.; Bellido, Teresita; O'Brien, Charles A.; Bouxsein, Mary Larsen; Schipani, Ernestina (Public Library of Science, 2008)
      Osteocytes, former osteoblasts buried within bone, are thought to orchestrate skeletal adaptation to mechanical stimuli. However, it remains unknown whether hormones control skeletal homeostasis through actions on osteocytes. ...
    • Control of buckling in large micromembranes using engineered support structures 

      Iwase, Eiji; Hui, Pui-Chuen; Woolf, David; Rodriguez, Alejandro W.; Johnson, Steven G.; Capasso, Federico; Lončar, Marko (IOP Publishing, 2012)
      In this paper we describe a general method to avoid stress-induced buckling of thin and large freestanding membranes. We show that using properly designed supports, in the form of microbeams, we can reduce the out-of-plane ...
    • Control of DNA Replication by the Nucleus to Cytoplasm Ratio 

      Murphy, Christopher (2013-02-12)
      Xenopus embryos begin development by undergoing a series of extremely rapid cell divisions that occur without growth, gap phases, or cell cycle checkpoints. This cell cycle program, which allows the fertilized egg to ...
    • Control of Drosophila Courtship by Mating Drive 

      Zhang, Xingjie (2018-09-16)
      Most behaviors are not just actions and reactions, but are the result of self-evaluation and are the means of self-fulfillment. This means that the same external context (e.g. food) can hold different meaning to an animal ...
    • Control of Eukaryotic Transcription Elongation 

      Winston, Fred Marshall (BioMed Central, 2001)
      The Spt4, Spt5, and Spt6 proteins are conserved eukaryotic transcription-elongation factors. Recent studies have provided the first evidence that they are generally required in multicellular eukaryotes, including during ...
    • Control of HIV-1C Replication Both in Vivo and in Vitro 

      Xie, Wen (2015-05-18)
      In this study, we established an HIV latency model using pluripotent stem cells in vitro. We found that a HIV accessory protein nef is responsible for full-length HIV silencing in human pluripotent stem cells. This effect ...
    • Control of IBMIR in Neonatal Porcine Islet Xenotransplantation in Baboons 

      Hawthorne, W J; Salvaris, E J; Phillips, P; Hawkes, J; Liuwantara, D; Burns, H; Barlow, H; Stewart, A B; Peirce, S B; Hu, M; Lew, A M; Robson, S C; Nottle, M B; D'Apice, A J F; O'Connell, P J; Cowan, P J (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2014)
      The instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction (IBMIR) is a major obstacle to the engraftment of intraportal pig islet xenografts in primates. Higher expression of the galactose-α1,3-galactose (αGal) xenoantigen on ...
    • Control of Jaw Movements in Two Species of Macropodines (Macropus eugenii and Macropus rufus) 

      Crompton, Alfred W.; Barnet, J.; Lieberman, Daniel Eric; Owerkowicz, T.; Skinner, J.; Baudinette, R. V. (Elsevier, 2007)
      The masticatory motor patterns of three tammar wallabies and two red kangaroos were determined by analyzing the pattern of electromyographic (EMG) activity of the jaw adductors and correlating it with lower jaw movements, ...
    • Control of lung vascular permeability and endotoxin-induced pulmonary oedema by changes in extracellular matrix mechanics 

      Mammoto, Akiko; Mammoto, Tadanori; Kanapathipillai, Mathumai; Wing Yung, Chong; Jiang, Elisabeth; Jiang, Amanda; Lofgren, Kristopher; Gee, Elaine P. S.; Ingber, Donald E. (Nature Research (part of Springer Nature), 2013)
      Increased vascular permeability contributes to many diseases, including acute respiratory distress syndrome, cancer and inflammation. Most past work on vascular barrier function has focused on soluble regulators, such as ...
    • Control of Neurotransmitter Release Properties by Presynaptic Calcium 

      Thanawala, Monica Shishir (2014-06-06)
      Presynaptic terminals of neurons are optimized for neurotransmitter release, which is tightly controlled by presynaptic calcium. Here, we evaluate the role of calcium influx through voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) ...
    • Control of peripheral tolerance by regulatory T cell-intrinsic Notch signaling 

      Charbonnier, Louis-Marie; Wang, Sen; Georgiev, Peter; Sefik, Esen; Chatila, Talal A (2015)
      Notch receptors direct the differentiation of T helper (TH) cell subsets, but their influence on regulatory T (Treg) cell responses is obscure. We here report that lineage-specific deletion of components of the Notch pathway ...
    • Control of Shape and Size of Nanopillar Assembly by Adhesion-Mediated Elastocapillary Interaction 

      Kang, Sung; Pokroy, Boaz; Mahadevan, Lakshminarayanan; Aizenberg, Joanna (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2010)
      Control of self-organization of nanofibers into regular clusters upon evaporation-induced assembly is receiving increasing attention due to the potential importance of this process in a range of applications including ...
    • Control of signaling-mediated clearance of apoptotic cells by the tumor suppressor p53 

      Yoon, K. W.; Byun, S.; Kwon, Eunjeong; Hwang, So-Young; Chu, Kiki; Hiraki, Masatsugu; Jo, Seung-Hee; Weins, Astrid; Hakroush, Samy; Cebulla, Angelika; Sykes, David Brian; Greka, Anna; Mundel, Peter; Fisher, David E.; Mandinova, Anna; Lee, Sam Whan (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2015)
      The inefficient clearance of dying cells can lead to abnormal immune responses, such as unresolved inflammation and autoimmune conditions. We show that tumor suppressor p53 controls signaling-mediated phagocytosis of ...
    • Control of soft machines using actuators operated by a Braille display 

      Mosadegh, Bobak; Mazzeo, Aaron D.; Shepherd, Robert F.; Morin, Stephen A.; Gupta, Unmukt; Sani, Idin Zhalehdoust; Lai, David; Takayama, Shuichi; Whitesides, George McClelland (Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), 2014)
      One strategy for actuating soft machines (e.g., tentacles, grippers, and simple walkers) uses pneumatic inflation of networks of small channels in an elastomeric material. Although the management of a few pneumatic inputs ...
    • Control of spin dynamics for applications in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 

      Koroleva, Van Do Mai (2013-10-17)
      Sophisticated electromagnetic pulse sequences that control spin dynamics have been developed in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) over the last few decades. However, due to more and more demanding criteria, such as unknown ...
    • Control of steroid receptor dynamics and function by genomic actions of the cochaperones p23 and Bag-1L 

      Cato, Laura; Neeb, Antje; Brown, Myles; Cato, Andrew C. B. (Nuclear Receptor Signaling Atlas, 2014)
      Molecular chaperones encompass a group of unrelated proteins that facilitate the correct assembly and disassembly of other macromolecular structures, which they themselves do not remain a part of. They associate with a ...