Now showing items 8326-8345 of 42363

    • The Decline of War and Conceptions of Human Nature 

      Pinker, Steven (Wiley, 2013)
      Many observers are skeptical of the evidence that war has declined, because they think that a decline in war requires an unrealistic, romantic theory of human nature. In fact it is compatible with a hardheaded view of human ...
    • Declines in the Lethality of Suicide Attempts Explain the Decline in Suicide Deaths in Australia 

      Spittal, Matthew J.; Pirkis, Jane; Miller, Matthew J.; Studdert, David Michael (Public Library of Science, 2012)
      Background: To investigate the epidemiology of a steep decrease in the incidence of suicide deaths in Australia. Methods: National data on suicide deaths and deliberate self-harm for the period 1994–2007 were obtained from ...
    • Declining (the) Subject: Immunity and the Crisis of Masculine Selfhood in Modern France (1870-2000) 

      Wolfe, Loren Katherine (2013-08-21)
      I locate my dissertation at the critical intersection of philosophy, medical discourse and literature, and anchor it around five intertwining concepts: modernity, subjectivity, masculinity, immunity and Frenchness. I ...
    • Declining NAD+ Induces a Pseudohypoxic State Disrupting Nuclear-Mitochondrial Communication during Aging 

      Gomes, Ana P.; Price, Nathan L.; Ling, Alvin J.Y.; Moslehi, Javid; Montgomery, Magdalene K.; Rajman, Luis; White, James Patrick; Teodoro, João S.; Wrann, Christiane Dorothea; Hubbard, Basil P.; Mercken, Evi M.; Palmeira, Carlos M.; de Cabo, Rafael; Rolo, Anabela P.; Turner, Nigel; Bell, Eric L.; Sinclair, David Andrew (Elsevier BV, 2013)
      Ever since eukaryotes subsumed the bacterial ancestor of mitochondria, the nuclear and mitochondrial genomes have had to closely coordinate their activities, as each encode different subunits of the oxidative phosphorylation ...
    • Declining Recurrence among Ductal Carcinoma In situ Patients Treated with Breast-Conserving Surgery in the Community Setting 

      Habel, Laurel A; Achacoso, Ninah S; Haque, Reina; Geiger, Ann M; Puligandla, Balaram; Acton, Luana; Quesenberry, Charles P; Nekhlyudov, Larissa; Fletcher, Suzanne W.; Schnitt, Stuart Jay; Collins, Laura Christine (BioMed Central, 2009)
      Introduction: Randomized trials indicate that adjuvant radiotherapy plus tamoxifen decrease the five-year risk of recurrence among ductal carcinoma in situ patients treated with breast-conserving surgery from about 20% to ...
    • The Declining Significance of Race: Revisited & Revised 

      Wilson, William Julius (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2011)
      I published The Declining Significance of Race: Blacks and Changing American Institutions thirty-two years ago, in 1978. Given the furor and controversy over the book immediately following its publication, I did not ...
    • Decoding Human Regulatory Circuits 

      Thompson, William; Palumbo, Michael J.; Wasserman, Wyeth W.; Liu, Jun; Lawrence, Charles E. (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2004)
      Clusters of transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs) which direct gene expression constitute cis-regulatory modules (CRMs). We present a novel algorithm, based on Gibbs sampling, which locates, de novo, the cis features ...
    • Decoding Inside Information 

      Cohen, Lauren Harry; Malloy, Christopher James; Pomorski, Lukasz (Wiley-Blackwell, 2012)
      Using a simple empirical strategy, we decode the information in insider trading. Exploiting the fact that insiders trade for a variety of reasons, we show that there is predictable, identifiable "routine" insider trading ...
    • Decoding Key Nodes in the Metabolism of Cancer Cells: Sugar & Spice and All Things Nice 

      Shaw, Reuben J.; Cantley, Lewis C. (Faculty of 1000 Ltd., 2012)
      In the past 5 years, a convergence of studies has resulted in a broad appreciation in the cancer research community that reprogramming of cellular metabolism may be more central to cancer than appreciated in the past 30 ...
    • Decoding Representations of Face Identity That are Tolerant to Rotation 

      Anzellotti, Stefano; Fairhall, Scott L.; Caramazza, Alfonso (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2013)
      In order to recognize the identity of a face we need to distinguish very similar images (specificity) while also generalizing identity information across image transformations such as changes in orientation (tolerance). ...
    • Decoding the H-likelihood 

      Meng, Xiao-Li (Institute of Mathematical Statistics, 2009)
    • Decoding the Iran Nuclear Deal: Key Questions, Points of Divergence, Pros and Cons, Pending Legislation, and Essential Facts 

      Samore, Gary S; Allison, Graham T.; Bunn, Matthew G.; Burns, R. Nicholas; Feldman, Shai; Freilich, Chuck; Heinonen, Olli; Malin, Martin Benjamin; Miller, Steven E.; Mohseni, Payam; Rockwood, Laura; Sebenius, James Kimble; Tobey, William H (Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School, 2015)
      On April 2, 2015, the EU (on behalf of the P5+1 countries) and Iran announced agreement on “key parameters” for a comprehensive nuclear deal with Iran. The EU-Iran Joint Statement is buttressed by unilateral fact sheets ...
    • Decoding the Market's Reaction to Settlement Announcements 

      Cole, Emily C (2015)
      This study examines defendant stock price returns on the day preceding, the day of, and the day following announcements of settlements in various types of litigation from 2009 through 2014. I hypothesized that defendant ...
    • Decoding the precision of historical temperature observations 

      Rhines, Andrew Nelson; Tingley, Martin; McKinnon, Karen Aline; Huybers, Peter John (Wiley-Blackwell, 2015)
      Historical observations of temperature underpin our ability to monitor Earth’s climate. We identify a pervasive issue in archived observations from surface stations, wherein the use of varying conventions for units and ...
    • Decoding tumour phenotype by noninvasive imaging using a quantitative radiomics approach 

      Aerts, Hugo J. W. L.; Velazquez, Emmanuel Rios; Leijenaar, Ralph T. H.; Parmar, Chintan; Grossmann, Patrick; Cavalho, Sara; Bussink, Johan; Monshouwer, René; Haibe-Kains, Benjamin; Rietveld, Derek; Hoebers, Frank; Rietbergen, Michelle M.; Leemans, C. René; Dekker, Andre; Quackenbush, John; Gillies, Robert J.; Lambin, Philippe (Nature Pub. Group, 2014)
      Human cancers exhibit strong phenotypic differences that can be visualized noninvasively by medical imaging. Radiomics refers to the comprehensive quantification of tumour phenotypes by applying a large number of quantitative ...
    • Decoherence Dynamics in Low-Dimensional Cold Atom Interferometers 

      Burkov, A. A.; Lukin, Mikhail D.; Demler, Eugene A. (American Physical Society (APS), 2007)
      We report on a study of the dynamics of decoherence of a matter-wave interferometer, consisting of a pair of low-dimensional cold atom condensates at finite temperature. We identify two distinct regimes in the time dependence ...
    • Decoherence imaging of spin ensembles using a scanning single-electron spin in diamond 

      Luan, Lan; Grinolds, Michael S.; Hong, Sungkun; Maletinsky, Patrick; Walsworth, Ronald L.; Yacoby, Amir (Nature Publishing Group, 2015)
      The nitrogen-vacancy (NV) defect center in diamond has demonstrated great capability for nanoscale magnetic sensing and imaging for both static and periodically modulated target fields. However, it remains a challenge to ...
    • Decomposing Treatment Effect Variation 

      Ding, Peng; Feller, Avi; Miratrix, Luke Weisman (Informa UK Limited, 2018)
      Understanding and characterizing treatment effect variation in randomized experiments has become essential for going beyond the "black box" of the average treatment effect. Nonetheless, traditional statistical approaches ...
    • Decomposition of Gene Expression State Space Trajectories 

      Mar, Jessica Cara; Quackenbush, John (Public Library of Science, 2009)
      Representing and analyzing complex networks remains a roadblock to creating dynamic network models of biological processes and pathways. The study of cell fate transitions can reveal much about the transcriptional regulatory ...
    • Decomposition of Olfactory Memory by Dopamine Neural Cirucit in Drosophila 

      Jiang, Yang (2017-05-12)
      During the formation of an olfactory memory in Drosophila, the Mushroom Body (MB) receives olfactory cues (Conditioned Stimuli, CS) relayed from the antennal lobe and aversive or reward stimuli (Unconditioned Stimuli; US) ...