Now showing items 38220-38239 of 58461

    • The Origin of the Universe as Revealed Through the Polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background 

      Dodelson, S.; Easther, R.; Hanany, S.; McAllister, L.; Meyer, S.; Page, L.; Ade, P.; Amblard, A.; Ashoorioon, A.; Balbi, C.; Bartlett, J.; Bartolo, N.; Baumann, D.; Beltran, M.; Benford, D.; Birkinshaw, M.; Bock, J.; Bond, D.; Borrill, J.; Bouchet, F.; Bridges, M.; Bunn, E.; Calabrese, E.; Cantalupo, C.; Caramete, A.; Carbone, C.; Carroll, S.; Chatterjee, S.; Chen, Xingang; Church, S.; Chuss, D.; Contaldi, C.; Cooray, A.; Creminelli, P.; Das, S.; De Bernardis, F.; Delabrouille, J.; Desert, F.; Devlin, M.; Dickinson, C.; Dicker, S.; DiPirro, M.; Dobbs, M.; Dore, O.; Dotson, J.; Dunkley, J.; Dvorkin, Cora; Eriksen, H.; Falvella, M.; Finley, D.; Finkbeiner, Douglas; Fixsen, D.; Flauger, R.; Fossalba, P.; Fowler, J.; Galli, S.; Gates, E.; Gear, W.; Giraud-Heraud, Y.; Krzysztof, G.; Greene, B.; Gruppuso, A.; Gundersen, J.; Halpern, M.; Hamilton, J.; Hazumi, M.; Hernandez-Monteagudo, C.; Hertzberg, M.; Hinshaw, G.; Hirata, C.; Hivon, E.; Holman, R.; Holmes, W.; Hu, W.; Hubmayr, J.; Huffenberger, K.; Hui, H.; Hui, L.; Irwin, K.; Jackson, M.; Jaffe, A.; Johnson, B.; Johnson, D.; Jones, W.; Kachru, S.; Kadota, K.; Kaplan, J.; Kaplinghat, W.; Keating, B.; Keskitalo, R.; Khoury, J.; Kinney, W.; Kisner, T.; Knox, T.; Kodama, H.; Kogut, A.; Komatsu, E.; Kosowsky, A.; Kovac, John M; Krauss, L.; Kurki-Suonio, H.; Lamarre, J.; Landau, S.; Lawrenece, C.; Leach, S.; Leblond, L.; Lee, A.; Leitch, E.; Leonardi, R.; Lesgourgues, J.; Liddle, A.; Lim, E.; Limon, M.; LoVerde, M.; Lubin, P.; Lunghi, E.; Lykken, J.; MacTavish, C.; Magalhaes, A.; Maino, D.; Martin, V.; Matarrese, S.; Mather, J.; Mathur, H.; Matsumura, T.; Meerburg, P.; Melchiorri, A.; Mersini-Houghton, L.; Miller, A.; Milligan, M.; Moodley, K.; Neimack, M.; Nguyen, H.; Nicolis, A.; O'Dwyer, I.; Olinto, A.; Pagano, L.; Paher, E.; Partridge, B.; Pearson, T.; Peiris, H.; Peloso, M.; Piacentini, F.; Piat, M.; Piccirillo, L.; Pierpaoli, E.; Pietrobon, D.; Pisano, G.; Pogosian, L.; Pogosyan, D.; Ponthieu, N.; Popa, L.; Pryke, Clement L.; Raeth, C.; Ray, S.; Reichardt, C.; Riccardi, S.; Richards, P.; Riotto, A.; Rocha, G.; Ruhl, J.; Rusholme, B.; Scherrer, R.; Scoccola, C.; Scott, D.; Sealfon, C.; Sefusatti, E.; Sehgal, N.; Seiffert, M.; Senatore, L.; Serra, P.; Shandera, S.; Shimon, M.; Shirron, P.; Sievers, J.; Silk, J.; Sigurdson, K.; Silverberg, R.; Silverstein, E.; Staggs, S.; Starkman, G.; Stebbins, A.; Stivoli, F.; Stompor, R.; Sugiyama, N.; Swetz, D.; Tegmark, M.; Tartari, A.; Timbie, P.; Titov, M.; Tristram, M.; Trodden, M.; Tucker, G.; Urrestilla, J.; Veneziani, M.; Verde, L.; Vieira, J.; Walker, T.; Wands, D.; Watson, S.; Weinberg, S.; Weiss, R.; Wandelt, B.; Winstein, B.; Wollack, E.; Wyman, M.; Yadav, A.; Won Yoon, K.; Zahn, O.; Zaldarriaga, M.; Zemcov, M.; Zwart, J. (2009)
      Modern cosmology has sharpened questions posed for millennia about the origin of our cosmic habitat. The age-old questions have been transformed into two pressing issues primed for attack in the coming decade: • How did ...
    • Origin of tropospheric NOx over subarctic eastern Canada in summer 

      Fan, S.-M.; Jacob, Daniel James; Mauzerall, D. L.; Bradshaw, J. D.; Sandholm, S. T.; Blake, D. R.; Singh, H. B.; Talbot, R. W.; Gregory, G. L.; Sachse, G. W. (Wiley-Blackwell, 1994)
      The origin of NOx in the summertime troposphere over subarctic eastern Canada is investigated by photochemical modeling of aircraft and ground-based measurements from the Arctic Boundary Layer Expedition (ABLE 3B). It is ...
    • Origin of tropospheric ozone at remote high northern latitudes in summer 

      Mauzerall, D. L.; Jacob, Daniel James; Fan, Sierra Qianying; Bradshaw, J. D.; Gregory, G. L.; Sachse, G. W.; Blake, D. R. (Wiley-Blackwell, 1996)
      We quantify the tropospheric ozone budget over remote high northern latitudes in summer using chemical and meteorological measurements between 0 and 6-km made during the summer of 1990 Arctic Boundary Layer Expedition (ABLE ...
    • Origin, Methods, and Evolution of the Three Nurses’ Health Studies 

      Bao, Ying; Bertoia, Monica; Lenart, Elizabeth; Stampfer, Meir; Willett, Walter C.::94559ea206eef8a8844fc5b80654fa5b::600; Speizer, Frank; Chavarro, Jorge (American Public Health Association, 2016)
      We have summarized the evolution of the Nurses' Health Study (NHS), a prospective cohort study of 121 700 married registered nurses launched in 1976; NHS II, which began in 1989 and enrolled 116 430 nurses; and NHS3, which ...
    • Original Intent 

      Fried, Charles (Green Bag, Inc., 2013)
    • The Original Subaltern 

      Smail, Daniel Lord (2010)
      This essay invites readers to consider how exclusions operate in the framing of history. In conventional historical thought, agency was accorded only to the limited few. Marginals, ranging from third world nations to ...
    • Originalism and Emergencies: A Reply to Lawson 

      Posner, Eric A.; Vermeule, Cornelius Adrian (The Boston University School of Law, 2007)
    • Originalist or Original: The Difficulties of Reconciling Citizens United with Corporate Law history 

      Strine, Leo Edward; Walter, Nicholas (2015)
      Citizens United has been the subject of a great deal of commentary, but one important aspect of the decision that has not been explored in detail is the historical basis for Justice Scalia’s claims in his concurring opinion ...
    • Origination, Extinction, and Mass Depletions of Marine Diversity 

      Bambach, Richard K.; Knoll, Andrew; Wang, Steve C. (Paleontological Society, 2004)
      In post-Cambrian time, five events-the end-Ordovician, end-Frasnian in the Late Devonian, end-Permian, end-Triassic, and end-Cretaceous-are commonly grouped as the "big five" global intervals of mass extinction. Plotted ...
    • Originator Dynamics 

      Manapat, Michael L.; Ohtsuki, Hisashi; Bürger, Reinhard; Nowak, Martin A. (Elsevier, 2009)
      We study the origin of evolution. Evolution is based on replication, mutation, and selection. But how does evolution begin? When do chemical kinetics turn into evolutionary dynamics? We propose “prelife” and “prevolution” ...
    • Origins and Consequences of Velocity Fluctuations during DNA Passage through a Nanopore 

      Bo, Lu; Albertorio, Fernando; Hoogerheide, David Paul; Golovchenko, Jene A. (Biophysical Society, 2011)
      We describe experiments and modeling results that reveal and explain the distribution of times that identical double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) molecules take to pass through a voltage-biased solid-state nanopore. We show that ...
    • The Origins and Effects of Corporate Diversity Programs 

      Dobbin, Frank; Kalev, Alexandra (Oxford University Press, 2013)
      Corporations have implemented a wide range of equal opportunity and diversity programs since the 1960s. This chapter reviews studies of the origins of these programs, surveys that assess the popularity of different programs, ...
    • The Origins and Future of Fair Use/Fair Dealing Week: Why Should Libraries, Museums, and Other Cultural Institutions Participate? 

      Courtney, Kyle; Cox, Krista L. (Association of College and Research Libraries, American Library Association, 2019)
      Fair Use/Fair Dealing Week is a great example of successful grassroots organizing by cultural institutions, including libraries, archives, museums, and other institutions to celebrate one of the most critical of all copyright ...
    • Origins and Organization of Emotion 

      Banaji, Mahzarin R. (Wiley-Blackwell, 1992)
    • Origins of Archaeal Tetraether Lipids in Sediments: Insights From Radiocarbon Analysis 

      Shah Walter, Sunita; Mollenhauer, Gesine; Ohkouchi, Naohiko; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Pearson, Ann (Elsevier BV, 2008-09)
      Understanding the supply and preservation of glycerol dibiphytanyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) in marine sediments helps inform their use in paleoceanography. Compound-specific radiocarbon measurements of sedimentary ...
    • Origins of bad-metal conductivity and the insulator–metal transition in the rare-earth nickelates 

      Ramanathan, Shriram; Jaramillo, R; Ha, Sieu D.; Silevitch, D.M. (Nature Publishing Group, 2014)
      For most metals, increasing temperature (T) or disorder hastens electron scattering. The electronic conductivity (σ) decreases as T rises because electrons are more rapidly scattered by lattice vibrations. The value of σ ...
    • The Origins of Beowulf: Studies in Textual Criticism and Literary History 

      Neidorf, Leonard (2014-06-06)
      Beowulf is preserved in a single manuscript written out around the year 1000, but there are many reasons to believe that the poem was composed several centuries before this particular act of manual reproduction. Most ...
    • Origins of Chemical Diversity of Back-Arc Basin Basalts: A Segment-Scale Study of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center 

      Bézos, Antoine; Escrig, Stéphane; Langmuir, Charles H.; Michael, Peter J.; Asimow, Paul D. (American Geophysical Union, 2009)
      We report major, trace, and volatile element data on basaltic glasses from the northernmost segment of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center (ELSC1) in the Lau back-arc basin to further test and constrain models of back-arc ...