Now showing items 1-14 of 14

    • Associations between Recreational and Commuter Cycling, Changes in Cycling, and Type 2 Diabetes Risk: A Cohort Study of Danish Men and Women 

      Rasmussen, Martin G.; Grøntved, Anders; Blond, Kim; Overvad, Kim; Tjønneland, Anne; Jensen, Majken K.; Østergaard, Lars (Public Library of Science, 2016)
      Background: Cycling is a recreational activity and mode of commuting with substantial potential to improve public health in many countries around the world. The aim of this study was to examine prospective associations ...
    • Body Mass Index, Smoking and Hypertensive Disorders during Pregnancy: A Population Based Case-Control Study 

      Gudnadóttir, Thuridur A.; Bateman, Brian T.; Hernádez-Díaz, Sonia; Luque-Fernandez, Miguel Angel; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Zoega, Helga (Public Library of Science, 2016)
      While obesity is an indicated risk factor for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, smoking during pregnancy has been shown to be inversely associated with the development of preeclampsia and gestational hypertension. The ...
    • Consumption of Meals Prepared at Home and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: An Analysis of Two Prospective Cohort Studies 

      Zong, Geng; Eisenberg, David M.; Hu, Frank B.; Sun, Qi (Public Library of Science, 2016)
      Background: There has been a trend towards increased dining out in many countries. Consuming food prepared out of the home has been linked to poor diet quality, weight gain, and diabetes risk, but whether having meals ...
    • Determinants of Smoking and Quitting in HIV-Infected Individuals 

      Regan, Susan; Meigs, James B.; Grinspoon, Steven K.; Triant, Virginia A. (Public Library of Science, 2016)
      Background: Cigarette smoking is widespread among HIV-infected patients, who confront increased risk of smoking-related co-morbidities. The effects of HIV infection and HIV-related variables on smoking and smoking cessation ...
    • First Is Best 

      Carney, Dana R.; Banaji, Mahzarin R. (Public Library of Science, 2012)
      We experience the world serially rather than simultaneously. A century of research on human and nonhuman animals has suggested that the first experience in a series of two or more is cognitively privileged. We report three ...
    • Genome-Wide Interaction Analyses between Genetic Variants and Alcohol Consumption and Smoking for Risk of Colorectal Cancer 

      Gong, Jian; Hutter, Carolyn M.; Newcomb, Polly A.; Ulrich, Cornelia M.; Bien, Stephanie A.; Campbell, Peter T.; Baron, John A.; Berndt, Sonja I.; Bezieau, Stephane; Brenner, Hermann; Casey, Graham; Chan, Andrew T.; Chang-Claude, Jenny; Du, Mengmeng; Duggan, David; Figueiredo, Jane C.; Gallinger, Steven; Giovannucci, Edward L.; Haile, Robert W.; Harrison, Tabitha A.; Hayes, Richard B.; Hoffmeister, Michael; Hopper, John L.; Hudson, Thomas J.; Jeon, Jihyoun; Jenkins, Mark A.; Kocarnik, Jonathan; Küry, Sébastien; Le Marchand, Loic; Lin, Yi; Lindor, Noralane M.; Nishihara, Reiko; Ogino, Shuji; Potter, John D.; Rudolph, Anja; Schoen, Robert E.; Schrotz-King, Petra; Seminara, Daniela; Slattery, Martha L.; Thibodeau, Stephen N.; Thornquist, Mark; Toth, Reka; Wallace, Robert; White, Emily; Jiao, Shuo; Lemire, Mathieu; Hsu, Li; Peters, Ulrike (Public Library of Science, 2016)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified many genetic susceptibility loci for colorectal cancer (CRC). However, variants in these loci explain only a small proportion of familial aggregation, and there are ...
    • Hemizygous Deletion on Chromosome 3p26.1 Is Associated with Heavy Smoking among African American Subjects in the COPDGene Study 

      Begum, Ferdouse; Ruczinski, Ingo; Hokanson, John E.; Lutz, Sharon M.; Parker, Margaret M.; Cho, Michael H.; Hetmanski, Jacqueline B.; Scharpf, Robert B.; Crapo, James D.; Silverman, Edwin K.; Beaty, Terri H. (Public Library of Science, 2016)
      Many well-powered genome-wide association studies have identified genetic determinants of self-reported smoking behaviors and measures of nicotine dependence, but most have not considered the role of structural variants, ...
    • Mediterranean Dietary Pattern and Risk of Breast Cancer 

      Couto, Elisabeth; Sandin, Sven; Löf, Marie; Ursin, Giske; Adami, Hans-Olov; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Public Library of Science, 2013)
      Background: A Mediterranean diet has a recognized beneficial effect on health and longevity, with a protective influence on several cancers. However, its association with breast cancer risk remains unclear. Objective: We ...
    • Multiple Measures Reveal Antiretroviral Adherence Successes and Challenges in HIV-Infected Ugandan Children 

      Haberer, Jessica; Kiwanuka, Julius; Nansera, Denis; Ragland, Kathleen; Mellins, Claude; Bangsberg, David Roy (Public Library of Science, 2012)
      Background: Adherence to HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) among children in developing settings is poorly understood. Methodology/Principal Findings: To understand the level, distribution, and correlates of ART adherence ...
    • Obesity and Life Expectancy with and without Diabetes in Adults Aged 55 Years and Older in the Netherlands: A Prospective Cohort Study 

      Dhana, Klodian; Nano, Jana; Ligthart, Symen; Peeters, Anna; Hofman, Albert; Nusselder, Wilma; Dehghan, Abbas; Franco, Oscar H. (Public Library of Science, 2016)
      Background: Overweight and obesity are associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Limited evidence exists regarding the effect of excess weight on years lived with and without diabetes. We aimed to determine the ...
    • Plans, Habits, and Theory of Mind 

      Gershman, Samuel J.; Gerstenberg, Tobias; Baker, Chris L.; Cushman, Fiery A. (Public Library of Science, 2016)
      Human success and even survival depends on our ability to predict what others will do by guessing what they are thinking. If I accelerate, will he yield? If I propose, will she accept? If I confess, will they forgive? ...
    • A Prospective Study of Alcohol Consumption and Smoking and the Risk of Major Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Men 

      Strate, Lisa L.; Singh, Prashant; Boylan, Matthew R.; Piawah, Sorbarikor; Cao, Yin; Chan, Andrew T. (Public Library of Science, 2016)
      Background and Aims Data regarding smoking and alcohol consumption and risk of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) are sparse and conflicting. We assessed the risk of major GIB associated with smoking and alcohol consumption ...
    • Smoking and Secondhand Smoke Exposure at Home Were Associated with Poor Perceived Family Well-Being: Findings of FAMILY Project 

      Wang, Xin; Wang, Man Ping; Viswanath, Kasisomayajula; Wan, Alice; Lam, Tai Hing; Chan, Sophia S. (Public Library of Science, 2016)
      Introduction: To investigate the associations of cigarette smoking and secondhand (SHS) exposure at home with family well-being among Chinese adults in Hong Kong. Methods: Telephone surveys were conducted among 3043 randomly ...
    • Validity of Self-Reported Tobacco Smoke Exposure among Non-Smoking Adult Public Housing Residents 

      Fang, Shona C.; Chen, Shan; Trachtenberg, Felicia; Rokicki, Slawa; Adamkiewicz, Gary; Levy, Douglas E. (Public Library of Science, 2016)
      Introduction: Tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) in public multi-unit housing (MUH) is of concern. However, the validity of self-reports for determining TSE among non-smoking residents in such housing is unclear. Methods: We ...