Foundations of Cooperation in Young Children
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CitationOlson, Kristina R. and Elizabeth S. Spelke. 2008. Foundations of cooperation in young children. Cognition 108(1): 222-231.
AbstractObservations and experiments show that human adults preferentially share resources with close relations, with people who have shared with them (reciprocity), and with people who have shared with others (indirect reciprocity). These tendencies are consistent with evolutionary theory but could also reflect the shaping effects of experience or instruction in complex, cooperative and competitive societies. Here we report evidence for these three tendencies in 3.5 year old children, despite their limited experience with complex cooperative networks. Three pillars of mature cooperative behavior therefore appear to have roots extending deep into human development.
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