Cellular Hydraulics Suggests a Poroelastic Cytoplasm Rheology
Harris, A. R.
Moulding, D. A.
Thrasher, A. J.
Charras, G. T.
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CitationMoeendarbary, E., L. Valon, M. Fritzsche, A. R. Harris, D. A. Moulding, A. J. Thrasher, E. Stride, Lakshminarayanan Mahadevan, and G. T. Charras. Forthcoming. Cellular hydraulics suggests a poroelastic cytoplasm rheology. Nature Materials.
AbstractThe cytoplasm represents the largest part of the cell by volume and hence its rheology sets the rate at which cellular shape change can occur. Recent experimental evidence suggests that cytoplasmic rheology can be described using a poroelastic formulation in which the cytoplasm is considered a biphasic material constituted of a porous elastic solid meshwork (cytoskeleton, organelles, macromolecules) bathed in an interstitial fluid (cytosol). In this picture, the rate of cellular deformation is limited by the rate at which intracellular water can redistribute within the cytoplasm. Though this is a conceptually attractive model, direct supporting evidence has been lacking. Here we present such evidence and directly validate this concept to explain cellular rheology at physiologically relevant time-scales using microindentation tests in conjunction with mechanical, chemical and genetic treatments. Our results show that water redistribution through the solid phase of cytoplasm (cytoskeleton and crowders) plays a fundamental role in setting cellular rheology.
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