Newborn Infants Perceive Abstract Numbers

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Newborn Infants Perceive Abstract Numbers

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Title: Newborn Infants Perceive Abstract Numbers
Author: Spelke, Elizabeth S.; Izard, Véronique; Sann, Coralie; Streri, Arlette

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Citation: Izard, Véronique, Coralie Sann, Elizabeth S. Spelke, and Arlette Streri. 2009. Newborn infants perceive abstract numbers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106(25): 10382-10385.
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Abstract: Although infants and animals respond to the approximate number of elements in visual, auditory, and tactile arrays, only human children and adults have been shown to possess abstract numerical representations that apply to entities of all kinds (e.g., 7 samurai, seas, or sins). Do abstract numerical concepts depend on language or culture, or do they form a part of humans' innate, core knowledge? Here we show that newborn infants spontaneously associate stationary, visual-spatial arrays of 4–18 objects with auditory sequences of events on the basis of number. Their performance provides evidence for abstract numerical representations at the start of postnatal experience.
Published Version: doi:10.1073/pnas.0812142106
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10139591
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