Human Cerebrospinal Fluid Contains CD4+ Memory T Cells Expressing Gut- or Skin-Specific Trafficking Determinants: Relevance for Immunotherapy

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Human Cerebrospinal Fluid Contains CD4+ Memory T Cells Expressing Gut- or Skin-Specific Trafficking Determinants: Relevance for Immunotherapy

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Title: Human Cerebrospinal Fluid Contains CD4+ Memory T Cells Expressing Gut- or Skin-Specific Trafficking Determinants: Relevance for Immunotherapy
Author: Kivisäkk, Pia; Tucky, Barbara; Wei, Tao; Ransohoff, Richard M; Campbell, James J.

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Citation: Kivisäkk, Pia, Barbara Tucky, Tao Wei, James J. Campbell, and Richard M. Ransohoff. 2006. Human cerebrospinal fluid contains CD4+ memory T cells expressing gut- or skin-specific trafficking determinants: Relevance for immunotherapy. BMC Immunology 7:14.
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Abstract: Background: Circulating memory T cells can be divided into tissue-specific subsets, which traffic through distinct tissue compartments during physiologic immune surveillance, based on their expression of adhesion molecules and chemokine receptors. We reasoned that a bias (either enrichment or depletion) of CSF T cell expression of known organ-specific trafficking determinants might suggest that homing of T cells to the subarachnoid space could be governed by a CNS-specific adhesion molecule or chemokine receptor. Results: The expression of cutaneous leukocyte antigen (CLA) and CC-chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4; associated with skin-homing) as well as the expression of integrin \(\alpha 4 \beta 7\) and CCR9 (associated with gut-homing) was analyzed on CD4+ memory T cells in CSF from individuals with non-inflammatory neurological diseases using flow cytometry. CSF contained similar proportions of CD4+ memory T cells expressing CLA, CCR4, integrin \(\alpha 4 \beta 7\) and CCR9 as paired blood samples. Conclusion: The results extend our previous findings that antigen-experienced CD4+ memory T cells traffic through the CSF in proportion to their abundance in the peripheral circulation. Furthermore, the ready access of skin- and gut-homing CD4+ memory T cells to the CNS compartment via CSF has implications for the mechanisms of action of immunotherapeutic strategies, such as oral tolerance or therapeutic immunization, where immunogens are administered using an oral or subcutaneous route.
Published Version: doi:10.1186/1471-2172-7-14
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1539023/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10236189
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