Lifetime Prevalence of Mental Disorders in Lebanon: First Onset, Treatment, and Exposure to War

DSpace/Manakin Repository

Lifetime Prevalence of Mental Disorders in Lebanon: First Onset, Treatment, and Exposure to War

Citable link to this page

 

 
Title: Lifetime Prevalence of Mental Disorders in Lebanon: First Onset, Treatment, and Exposure to War
Author: Dimassi, Hani; Chatterji, Somnath; Karam, Elie G.; Mneimneh, Zeina N.; Fayyad, John A.; Karam, Aimee N.; Nasser, Soumana C.; Kessler, Ronald

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Karam, Elie G., Zeina N. Mneimneh, Hani Dimassi, John A. Fayyad, Aimee N. Karam, Soumana C. Nasser, Somnath Chatterji, and Ronald C. Kessler. 2008. Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders in Lebanon: First onset, treatment, and exposure to war. PLoS Medicine 5( 4): e61.
Full Text & Related Files:
Abstract: Background: There are no published data on national lifetime prevalence and treatment of mental disorders in the Arab region. Furthermore, the effect of war on first onset of disorders has not been addressed previously on a national level, especially in the Arab region. Thus, the current study aims at investigating the lifetime prevalence, treatment, age of onset of mental disorders, and their relationship to war in Lebanon. Methods and Findings: The Lebanese Evaluation of the Burden of Ailments and Needs Of the Nation study was carried out on a nationally representative sample of the Lebanese population (n = 2,857 adults). Respondents were interviewed using the fully structured WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview 3.0. Lifetime prevalence of any Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV) disorder was 25.8%. Anxiety (16.7%) and mood (12.6%) were more common than impulse control (4.4%) and substance (2.2%) disorders. Only a minority of people with any mental disorder ever received professional treatment, with substantial delays (6 to 28 y) between the onset of disorders and onset of treatment. War exposure increased the risk of first onset of anxiety (odds ratio [OR] 5.92, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.5–14.1), mood (OR 3.32, 95% CI 2.0–5.6), and impulse control disorders (OR 12.72, 95% CI 4.5–35.7). Conclusions: About one-fourth of the sample (25.8%) met criteria for at least one of the DSM-IV disorders at some point in their lives. There is a substantial unmet need for early identification and treatment. Exposure to war events increases the odds of first onset of mental disorders.
Published Version: doi://10.1371/journal.pmed.0050061
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2276523/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10243417
Downloads of this work:

Show full Dublin Core record

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

 
 

Search DASH


Advanced Search
 
 

Submitters