SID-1 is a dsRNA-Selective dsRNA-gated Channel

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SID-1 is a dsRNA-Selective dsRNA-gated Channel

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Title: SID-1 is a dsRNA-Selective dsRNA-gated Channel
Author: Shih, Joseph D.; Hunter, Craig P.

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Shih, Joseph D., and Craig P. Hunter. 2011. SID-1 is a dsRNA-selective dsRNA-gated channel. RNA 17(6): 1057-1065.
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Abstract: Systemic RNAi in Caenorhabditis elegans requires the widely conserved transmembrane protein SID-1 to transport RNAi silencing signals between cells. When expressed in Drosophila S2 cells, C. elegans SID-1 enables passive dsRNA uptake from the culture medium, suggesting that SID-1 functions as a channel for the transport of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). Here we show that nucleic acid transport by SID-1 is specific for dsRNA and that addition of dsRNA to SID-1 expressing cells results in changes in membrane conductance, which indicate that SID-1 is a dsRNA gated channel protein. Consistent with passive bidirectional transport, we find that the RNA induced silencing complex (RISC) is required to prevent the export of imported dsRNA and that retention of dsRNA by RISC does not seem to involve processing of retained dsRNA into siRNAs. Finally, we show that mimics of natural molecules that contain both single- and double-stranded dsRNA, such as hairpin RNA and pre-microRNA, can be transported by SID-1. These findings provide insight into the nature of potential endogenous RNA signaling molecules in animals.
Published Version: doi:10.1261/rna.2596511
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