Preservation of Mouse Sperm by Convective Drying and Storing in 3-O-Methyl-D-Glucose
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CitationLiu, Jie, Gloria Y. Lee, Joel A. Lawitts, Mehmet Toner, and John D. Biggers. 2012. Preservation of mouse sperm by convective drying and storing in 3-O-methyl-D-glucose. PLoS ONE 7(1): e29924.
AbstractWith the fast advancement in the genetics and bio-medical fields, the vast number of valuable transgenic and rare genetic mouse models need to be preserved. Preservation of mouse sperm by convective drying and subsequent storing at above freezing temperatures could dramatically reduce the cost and facilitate shipping. Mouse sperm were convectively dried under nitrogen gas in the Na-EGTA solution containing 100 mmol/L 3-O-methyl-D-glucose and stored in LiCl sorption jars (Relative Humidity, RH, 12%) at 4\(^\circ\)C and 22\(^\circ\)C for up to one year. The functionality of these sperm samples after storage was tested by intracytoplasmic injection into mouse oocytes. The percentages of blastocysts produced from sperm stored at 4\(^\circ\)C for 1, 2, 3, 6, and 12 months were 62.6%, 53.4%, 39.6%, 33.3%, and 30.4%, respectively, while those stored at 22\(^\circ\)C for 1, 2, and 3 months were 28.8%, 26.6%, and 12.2%, respectively. Transfer of 38 two- to four-cell embryos from sperm stored at 4\(^\circ\)C for 1 year produced two live pups while 59 two- to four-cell embryos from sperm stored at 22\(^\circ\)C for 3 months also produced two live pups. Although all the pups looked healthy at 3 weeks of age, normality of offspring produced using convectively dried sperm needs further investigation. The percentages of blastocyst from sperm stored in the higher relative humidity conditions of NaBr and MgCl\(_2\) jars and driest condition of P\(_2\)O\(_5\) jars at 4\(^\circ\)C and 22\(^\circ\)C were all lower. A simple method of mouse sperm preservation is demonstrated. Three-O-methyl-D-glucose, a metabolically inactive derivative of glucose, offers significant protection for dried mouse sperm at above freezing temperatures without the need for poration of cell membrane.
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