Optical Imaging with a Cathepsin B Activated Probe for the Enhanced Detection of Esophageal Adenocarcinoma by Dual Channel Fluorescent Upper GI Endoscopy

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Optical Imaging with a Cathepsin B Activated Probe for the Enhanced Detection of Esophageal Adenocarcinoma by Dual Channel Fluorescent Upper GI Endoscopy

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Title: Optical Imaging with a Cathepsin B Activated Probe for the Enhanced Detection of Esophageal Adenocarcinoma by Dual Channel Fluorescent Upper GI Endoscopy
Author: Figueiredo, Jose-Luiz; Dulak, Austin M; Habibollahi, Peiman; Heidari, Pedram; Imamura, Yu; Bass, Adam Joel; Ogino, Shuji; Chan, Andrew Tan; Mahmood, Umar

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Citation: Habibollahi, Peiman, Jose-Luiz Figueiredo, Pedram Heidari, Austin M. Dulak, Yu Imamura, Adam J. Bass, Shuji Ogino, Andrew T. Chan, and Umar Mahmood. 2012. Optical imaging with a cathepsin B activated probe for the enhanced detection of esophageal adenocarcinoma by dual channel fluorescent upper GI endoscopy. Theranostics 2(2): 227-234.
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Abstract: Despite significant advances in diagnosis and treatment, the prognosis of esophageal adenocarcinoma remains poor highlighting the importance of early detection. Although white light (WL) upper endoscopy can be used for screening of the esophagus, it has limited sensitivity for early stage disease. Thus, development of new imaging technology to improve the diagnostic capabilities of upper GI endoscopy for early detection of esophageal adenocarcinoma is an important unmet need. The goal of this study was to develop a method for the detection of malignant lesions in the esophagus using WL upper endoscopy combined with near infrared (NIR) imaging with a protease activatable probe (Prosense750) selective for cathepsin B (CTSB). An orthotopic murine model for distal esophageal adenocarcinoma was generated through the implantation of OE-33 and OE-19 human esophageal adenocarcinoma lines in immunocompromised mice. The mice were imaged simultaneously for WL and NIR signal using a custom-built dual channel upper GI endoscope. The presence of tumor was confirmed by histology and target to background ratios (TBR) were compared for both WL and NIR imaging. NIR imaging with ProSense750 significantly improved upon the TBRs of esophageal tumor foci, with a TBR of 3.64\(\pm\)0.14 and 4.50\(\pm\)0.11 for the OE-33 and OE-19 tumors respectively, compared to 0.88\(\pm\)0.04 and 0.81\(\pm\)0.02 TBR for WL imaging. The combination of protease probes with novel imaging devices has the potential to improve esophageal tumor detection by fluorescently highlighting neoplastic regions.
Published Version: doi:10.7150/thno.4088
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3296470/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10304413
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