Optical Control of Individual Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers in Diamond

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Optical Control of Individual Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers in Diamond

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Title: Optical Control of Individual Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers in Diamond
Author: Togan, Emre
Citation: Togan, Emre. 2011. Optical Control of Individual Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers in Diamond. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University.
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Abstract: Individual nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers in diamond have recently emerged as a leading candidate for a building block for quantum information processing systems. Individual NV centers have many properties that are desirable for qubits. For example their spin states can be manipulated, initialized and measured even at room temperature. In order to build a quantum information processing system that consists of more than a single NV center, these individual NV centers have to be connected via quantum channels that distribute entanglement and allow quantum state transfer between NV centers. This thesis explores how the optical properties of the NV center can be used and manipulated to form these quantum channels. Likewise we show how the same properties can be used to better control the nuclear spin environment surrounding the NV center. We first introduce, review and experimentally study the relevant optical properties of the NV center. These quantum optical techniques are then used to experimentally demonstrate spin-photon entanglement between the electronic spin of an individual NV center and a single photon. We next demonstrate quantum interference of two photons produced by NV centers in distinct diamond samples separated by two meters. These two demonstrations pave the way for entanglement generation, leading to quantum channels, between remote NV centers. Finally we demonstrate optical cooling, real-time measurement and conditional preparation of the nuclear spin environment around an NV center using all-optical manipulation of its electronic spin. This technique can lead to better control of individual NV centers and thus more robust quantum information processing systems.
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10336914
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