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dc.contributor.authorMiddeldorp, C M
dc.contributor.authorde Moor, M H M
dc.contributor.authorBlackwood, D H
dc.contributor.authorCosta, P T
dc.contributor.authorTerracciano, A
dc.contributor.authorKrueger, R F
dc.contributor.authorde Geus, E J C
dc.contributor.authorNyholt, D R
dc.contributor.authorEsko, T
dc.contributor.authorMadden, P A F
dc.contributor.authorDerringer, J
dc.contributor.authorAmin, N
dc.contributor.authorWillemsen, G
dc.contributor.authorHottenga, J-J
dc.contributor.authorDistel, M A
dc.contributor.authorUda, M
dc.contributor.authorSanna, S
dc.contributor.authorSpinhoven, P
dc.contributor.authorRealo, A
dc.contributor.authorAllik, J
dc.contributor.authorPergadia, M L
dc.contributor.authorGrucza, R A
dc.contributor.authorWiden, E
dc.contributor.authorCousminer, D L
dc.contributor.authorEriksson, J G
dc.contributor.authorPalotie, A
dc.contributor.authorBarnett, J H
dc.contributor.authorLuciano, M
dc.contributor.authorTenesa, A
dc.contributor.authorHansell, N K
dc.contributor.authorMedland, S E
dc.contributor.authorFerrucci, L
dc.contributor.authorSchlessinger, D
dc.contributor.authorMontgomery, G W
dc.contributor.authorAulchenko, Y S
dc.contributor.authorJanssens, A C J W
dc.contributor.authorOostra, B A
dc.contributor.authorMetspalu, A
dc.contributor.authorAbecasis, G R
dc.contributor.authorDeary, I J
dc.contributor.authorRäikkönen, K
dc.contributor.authorBierut, L J
dc.contributor.authorWray, N R
dc.contributor.authorvan Duijn, C M
dc.contributor.authorPenninx, B W J H
dc.contributor.authorBoomsma, D I
dc.contributor.authorMcGrath, Lauren M.
dc.contributor.authorGordon, S. D.
dc.contributor.authorTanaka, T.
dc.contributor.authorHartman, C. A.
dc.contributor.authorSullivan, P. F.
dc.contributor.authorHeath, A. C.
dc.contributor.authorAgrawal, A.
dc.contributor.authorLin, P.
dc.contributor.authorLee, Phil Hyoun
dc.contributor.authorDavies, G.
dc.contributor.authorLopez, L. M.
dc.contributor.authorWright, M. J.
dc.contributor.authorMartin, N. G.
dc.contributor.authorSmoller, Jordan W.
dc.contributor.authorRipke, Stephan
dc.date.accessioned2013-02-25T16:57:48Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.citationMiddeldorp, C. M., M. H. M. de Moor, L. M. McGrath, S. D. Gordon, D. H. Blackwood, P. T. Costa, A. Terracciano, et al. 2011. The genetic association between personality and major depression or bipolar disorder. A polygenic score analysis using genome-wide association data. Translational Psychiatry 1(10): e50.en_US
dc.identifier.issn2158-3188en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10341903
dc.description.abstractThe relationship between major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD) remains controversial. Previous research has reported differences and similarities in risk factors for MDD and BD, such as predisposing personality traits. For example, high neuroticism is related to both disorders, whereas openness to experience is specific for BD. This study examined the genetic association between personality and MDD and BD by applying polygenic scores for neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness and conscientiousness to both disorders. Polygenic scores reflect the weighted sum of multiple single-nucleotide polymorphism alleles associated with the trait for an individual and were based on a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for personality traits including 13 835 subjects. Polygenic scores were tested for MDD in the combined Genetic Association Information Network (GAIN-MDD) and MDD2000+ samples (N=8921) and for BD in the combined Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder and Wellcome Trust Case–Control Consortium samples (N=6329) using logistic regression analyses. At the phenotypic level, personality dimensions were associated with MDD and BD. Polygenic neuroticism scores were significantly positively associated with MDD, whereas polygenic extraversion scores were significantly positively associated with BD. The explained variance of MDD and BD, \(\sim\)0.1%, was highly comparable to the variance explained by the polygenic personality scores in the corresponding personality traits themselves (between 0.1 and 0.4%). This indicates that the proportions of variance explained in mood disorders are at the upper limit of what could have been expected. This study suggests shared genetic risk factors for neuroticism and MDD on the one hand and for extraversion and BD on the other.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen_US
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1038/tp.2011.45en_US
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3309491/pdf/en_US
dash.licenseLAA
dc.titleThe Genetic Association Between Personality and Major Depression or Bipolar Disorder. A Polygenic Score Analysis Using Genome-Wide Association Dataen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden_US
dc.relation.journalTranslational Psychiatryen_US
dash.depositing.authorLee, Phil Hyoun
dc.date.available2013-02-25T16:57:48Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/tp.2011.45*
dash.authorsorderedfalse
dash.contributor.affiliatedMcGrath, Lauren M.
dash.contributor.affiliatedLee, Phil
dash.contributor.affiliatedSmoller, Jordan
dash.contributor.affiliatedRipke, Stephan


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