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dc.contributor.authorLingnau, Angelika
dc.contributor.authorGesierich, Benno
dc.contributor.authorCaramazza, Alfonso
dc.date.accessioned2013-02-28T15:54:13Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.citationLingnau, Angelika, Benno Gesierich, and Alfonso Caramazza. 2009. Asymmetric fMRI adaptation reveals no evidence for mirror neurons in humans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106(24): 9925-9930.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1091-6490en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10354437
dc.description.abstractNeurons in macaque ventral premotor cortex and inferior parietal lobe discharge during both the observation and the execution of motor acts. It has been claimed that these so-called mirror neurons form the basis of action understanding by matching the visual input with the corresponding motor program (direct matching). Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) adaptation can be used to test the direct matching account of action recognition by determining whether putative mirror neurons show adaptation for repeated motor acts independently of whether they are observed or executed. An unambiguous test of the hypothesis requires that the motor acts be meaningless to ensure that any adaptation effect is directly because of movement recognition/motor execution and not contextually determined inferences. We found adaptation for motor acts that were repeatedly observed or repeatedly executed. We also found adaptation for motor acts that were first observed and then executed, as would be expected if a previously seen act primed the subsequent execution of that act. Crucially, we found no signs of adaptation for motor acts that were first executed and then observed. Failure to find cross-modal adaptation for executed and observed motor acts is not compatible with the core assumption of mirror neuron theory, which holds that action recognition and understanding are based on motor simulation.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipPsychologyen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherNational Academy of Sciencesen_US
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1073/pnas.0902262106en_US
dash.licenseLAA
dc.subjectembodied cognitionen_US
dc.subjectmotor action recognitionen_US
dc.subjectmotor theory of action recognitionen_US
dc.titleAsymmetric fMRI Adaptation Reveals No Evidence for Mirror Neurons in Humansen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden_US
dc.relation.journalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciencesen_US
dash.depositing.authorCaramazza, Alfonso
dash.waiver2009-04-28
dc.date.available2014-10-22T07:30:44Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1073/pnas.0902262106*
workflow.legacycommentsBrightening on 10/21/2014, per new OSC interpretation of PNAS policy.
dash.contributor.affiliatedCaramazza, Alfonso


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