Combinatorial Targeting and Discovery of Ligand-Receptors in Organelles of Mammalian Cells
le Roux, Lucia G.
Staquicini, Fernanda I.
Barbu, E. Magda
Ozawa, Michael G.
Langley, Robert R.
Sage, E. Helene
Gelovani, Juri G.
Lobb, Roy R.
Dunner, Kenneth, Jr.Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
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CitationRangel, Roberto, Liliana Guzman-Rojas, Lucia G. le Roux, Fernanda I. Staquicini, Hitomi Hosoya, E. Magda Barbu, Michael G. Ozawa, et al. 2012. Combinatorial targeting and discovery of ligand-receptors in organelles of mammalian cells. Nature Communications 3:788.
AbstractPhage display screening allows the study of functional protein–protein interactions at the cell surface, but investigating intracellular organelles remains a challenge. Here we introduce internalizing-phage libraries to identify clones that enter mammalian cells through a receptor-independent mechanism and target-specific organelles as a tool to select ligand peptides and identify their intracellular receptors. We demonstrate that penetratin, an antennapedia-derived peptide, can be displayed on the phage envelope and mediate receptor-independent uptake of internalizing phage into cells. We also show that an internalizing-phage construct displaying an established mitochondria-specific localization signal targets mitochondria, and that an internalizing-phage random peptide library selects for peptide motifs that localize to different intracellular compartments. As a proof-of-concept, we demonstrate that one such peptide, if chemically fused to penetratin, is internalized receptor-independently, localizes to mitochondria, and promotes cell death. This combinatorial platform technology has potential applications in cell biology and drug development.
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